You are looking at 1-20 of 92 entries  for:

  • All: nuclear Freeze x
  • Social sciences x
clear all

View:

Overview

nuclear Freeze

During the Cold War, several periods of protest against nuclear weapons took place in the United States. By far the largest protest campaign involved the nuclear freeze movement. This ...

Nuclear Freeze

Nuclear Freeze   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
2,610 words

...been founded in the campaign against nuclear testing. This step marked the symbolic end of the nuclear freeze movement. Impact The movement’s goal of a nuclear weapons freeze never became part of U.S. policy. Nevertheless, the nuclear freeze movement did influence policy. Knopf ( 1998 ) showed that the nuclear freeze movement helped cause two changes in Reagan administration policy. First, the nuclear freeze movement helped convince the administration to resume nuclear arms control talks much sooner than it had intended. When Reagan took office, his...

nuclear freeze

nuclear freeze   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... freeze a halt in the construction and/or testing of nuclear...

nuclear Freeze

nuclear Freeze  

During the Cold War, several periods of protest against nuclear weapons took place in the United States. By far the largest protest campaign involved the nuclear freeze movement. This movement ...
Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy

Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy  

The Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy was founded as a result of growing U.S. public concern about the nuclear arms race. Responding to an invitation by two highly respected ...
Nuclear Nonproliferation

Nuclear Nonproliferation  

The most technically challenging part of building nuclear weapons is the production of fuel for the weapon. The same process that enriches uranium (increasing the ratio of 235U92 in natural ...
Nuclear Test Ban

Nuclear Test Ban  

(1963)An international agreement not to test nuclear weapons in the atmosphere, in outer space, or under water, signed by the USA, the Soviet Union, and the UK (but not France). On 1 July 1968 the ...
International Campaigns for Nuclear Disarmament

International Campaigns for Nuclear Disarmament  

The struggle against nuclear weapons began even before they existed.1945–1954During World War II, many scientists working on the Manhattan Project (the U.S. effort to produce an atomic bomb) ...
unilateralism

unilateralism  

Literally ‘one‐sidedness’, although unilateralists protested vigorously in the 1980s when opponents so translated it. A British movement against domestic involvement with nuclear weapons. All ...
Missile Defense Issues

Missile Defense Issues  

The need for a defense against ballistic missile attack first arose in 1944. At the end of World War II, Nazi Germany launched V-2 rockets against Allied targets in Europe ...
Strategic Arms Limitation Talks

Strategic Arms Limitation Talks  

(SALT)Agreements between the USA and the Soviet Union, aimed at limiting the production and deployment of nuclear weapons. A first round of meetings (1969–72) produced the SALT I Agreement, which ...
United States Peace Movements, 1800–1945

United States Peace Movements, 1800–1945  

The atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan, in August 1945, although welcomed by some, provoked an immediate outcry. The many peace movement voices, silent or actively prowar, again ...
Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy

Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
1,013 words

...Freeze Campaign to form Sane/Freeze. In 1993 , the group was renamed Peace Action, which has continued since then as America’s largest peace organization. [ See also Anti-Communism and Peace Movements ; Antinuclear Power Protests in the United States ; Cousins, Norman ; Nuclear Disarmament, International Campaigns for ; Nuclear Freeze ; Nuclear Nonproliferation ; and Nuclear Test Ban ] Bibliography Katz, Milton S . Ban the Bomb: A History of SANE, the Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy . New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. Stassen, Glen Harold , and ...

Nuclear Disarmament, International Campaigns for

Nuclear Disarmament, International Campaigns for   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
3,338 words

... Cousins, Norman ; Einstein, Albert ; European Nuclear Disarmament ; Greenham Common Women’s Peace Camp ; Greenpeace ; International Fellowship of Reconciliation ; International Peace Bureau ; Japan, Peace Movements in ; Nuclear-free and Independent Pacific Movement ; Nuclear Freeze ; Nuclear Test Ban ; Nuclear Tests in the Pacific ; Nuclear Weapon-free Zones ; Pauling, Linus ; Pax Christi International ; Peace Symbol ; Physicians for Social Responsibility ; Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs ; Russell, Bertrand ; ...

Nuclear Nonproliferation

Nuclear Nonproliferation   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
2,750 words

...access to nuclear reactor fuel. NWSs not party to the NPT (e.g., India, Pakistan, and Israel) also provide challenges for the NPT regime. Finally, the five NPT NWSs must indicate to the rest of the parties their desire to fulfill their Article 6 obligations. [ See also International Atomic Energy Agency ; Nuclear Disarmament, International Campaigns for ; Nuclear Disarmament in Europe, 1945–2000 ; Nuclear Freeze ; and Strategic Nuclear Weapons, Limiting ] Bibliography Busch, Nathan E . No End in Sight: The Continuing Menace of Nuclear Proliferation...

Unilateral Nuclear Disarmament

Unilateral Nuclear Disarmament   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
1,002 words

...from Russia and the United States, Ukraine finally acceded to the NPT on 5 December 1994 as a non-nuclear weapon state that possessed nuclear weapons for a specified period of time. [ See also Arms Control and Disarmament , subentries on Theory and Negotiations; Disarmament ; Nuclear Disarmament, International Campaigns for ; Nuclear Disarmament in Europe, 1945–2000 ; Nuclear Freeze ; Nuclear Nonproliferation ; and Strategic Nuclear Weapons, Limiting ] Bibliography de Villiers, J. W ., Roger Jardine , and Mitchell Reiss . Why South...

Physicians for Social Responsibility

Physicians for Social Responsibility   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
1,050 words

...reviving the antinuclear medical movement. [ See also Military-Industrial Complex ; Nuclear Controversies in the United States ; Nuclear Test Ban ; and Peace through Health ] Bibliography Cortright, David . Peace Works: The Citizen’s Role in Ending the Cold War . Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1993. Forsberg, Randall . A Call to Halt the Nuclear Arms Race: Proposal for a Mutual US- Soviet Nuclear Weapons Freeze .” (Pamphlet). St. Louis: Nuclear Weapons Freeze Campaign 1982, April 1982, p 1. Museil, Bob . Hope for a Heated Planet: How Americans Are...

Nuclear Disarmament in Europe, 1945–2000

Nuclear Disarmament in Europe, 1945–2000   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
3,102 words

...Gomułka, the Polish prime minister, reissued Rapacki’s proposals (Rapacki II Plan). The proposals included plans to freeze nuclear and thermonuclear weapons in Poland, Czechoslovakia, the German Democratic Republic, and the Federal Republic of Germany. Rapacki’s plans became models for subsequent proposals for nuclear disarmament in Europe. In 1961 , the Swedish social democrat Bo Östen Undén proposed that states without nuclear weapons should declare that they refused to produce, receive, and store such weapons. Undén’s proposal was accepted by the UN...

Nuclear Test Ban

Nuclear Test Ban   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
2,356 words

...remained unclear over how best to respond to North Korea’s acquisition of nuclear weapons. [ See also Arms Control and Disarmament , subentry on Negotiations ; Nuclear Freeze ; Nuclear Nonproliferation ; and Strategic Nuclear Weapons, Limiting ] Bibliography Chinoy, Mike . Meltdown: The Inside Story of the Korean Nuclear Crisis. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2008. Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Organization. http://www.ctbto.org . Corera, Gordon . Shopping for Bombs: Nuclear Proliferation, Global Insecurity and the Rise and Fall of the A.Q. Khan...

Nuclear Weapon-free Zones

Nuclear Weapon-free Zones   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
3,792 words

...Gorbachev) resolving to move nuclear weapons out of much of Europe. [ See also Cold War , subentries on Conflicts (1947–1987) and Ending (1987–1991); European Nuclear Disarmament ; Mutual Assured Destruction ; North Atlantic Treaty Organization ; Nuclear Freeze ; Nuclear Nonproliferation ; Strategic Nuclear Weapons, Limiting ; and Weapons of Mass Destruction ] Bibliography Archer, Clive . Plans for a Nordic Nuclear Weapon–Free Zone. Kosmopolis 34 (2004): 201–207. Lodgaard, Sverre , and Marek Thee , eds. Nuclear Disengagement in Europe ....

Organization in Peace Movements

Organization in Peace Movements   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
1,403 words

...a SANE Nuclear Policy , 1957–1985. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1986. Kleidman, Robert . Organizing for Peace: Neutrality, the Test Ban, and the Freeze . Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press, 1993. Marullo, Sam , and John Lofland , eds. Peace Action in the 1980s . New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1990. Meyer, David J . A Winter of Discontent: The Nuclear Freeze and American Politics . New York: Praeger, 1990. Rochon, Thomas J ., and David S . Meyer, eds. Coalitions & Political Movements: The Lessons of the Nuclear Freeze ....

View: