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Overview

nuclear Freeze

During the Cold War, several periods of protest against nuclear weapons took place in the United States. By far the largest protest campaign involved the nuclear freeze movement. This ...

Sanctions Committees

Sanctions Committees   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
551 words

...a travel ban and assets freeze on those implicated in the murder; in respect of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea by Res. 1718 ( 2006 ) of 14 October 2006 to oversee the arms embargo, assets freeze, and travel ban imposed by that resolution to induce North Korea to abandon its nuclear weapons programme; and in respect of Iran by Res. 1737 ( 2006 ) of 23 December 2006 to oversee the technology-related sanctions, assets freeze, and travel restrictions imposed by that resolution to induce Iran to abandon its nuclear weapons...

Antinuclear Movement

Antinuclear Movement   Reference library

Robert Surbrug Jr.

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
599 words

...growing public doubts to bring an end to the era of nuclear expansion. The burgeoning nuclear weapons freeze movement soon eclipsed the antinuclear energy movement. In the 1980 s, New York governor Mario Cuomo successfully stopped the completed Shoreham Nuclear Power Plant from going online. Massachusetts governor Michael Dukakis was unsuccessful in a similar bid to stop the Seabrook nuclear plant. The early twenty-first century has witnessed a rebirth of the antinuclear movement in the face of a “nuclear renaissance.” The movement has been influential in...

Peace Movements

Peace Movements   Reference library

E. Charles Chatfield

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
939 words

...promote broader economic and social change. The movement’s radical phase peaked in 1968 – 1970 , after which a liberal antiwar constituency became dominant. When the nuclear-weapons issue again arose in the 1980 s, peace groups helped mobilize still another large political coalition: the Nuclear Weapons Freeze Campaign to halt the U.S .–Soviet arms race. Although Congress compromised the freeze proposal and its popular support dissolved after President Ronald Reagan proposed his Strategic Defense Initiative in March 1983 , the campaign revived arms-control...

Federal Government, Executive Branch

Federal Government, Executive Branch   Reference library

David K. Nichols, Richard C. Sawyer, Steven L. Rearden, Pearson Bramblett, Daniel J. Tichenor, David L. Herzberg, Daniel J. Tichenor, Joshua H. Mather, Henry F. Graff, Robert David Johnson, and Jesse Stiller

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
12,762 words

...fuels. Federal regulation of energy markets was rolled back during the Reagan years, while Energy secretaries James B. Edwards and Donald P. Hodel promoted nuclear power. The Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 placed the Energy Department at the center of political controversy by giving it responsibility for locating, constructing, and operating sites for the disposal of civilian and military nuclear waste. The department also monitors U.S. energy consumption and promotes new energy technologies. Department of Education ( 1979 ).  Given the decentralized...

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