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market clearing

The process of moving to a position where the quantity supplied is equal to the quantity demanded, or the assumption that economic forces always ensure the equality of supply and demand. ...

market clearing

market clearing   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Economics (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
83 words

...market clearing The process of moving to a position where the quantity supplied is equal to the quantity demanded, or the assumption that economic forces always ensure the equality of supply and demand. The process of market clearing involves price adjustment until a market-clearing price is achieved. In some financial markets there is a market-maker who intermediates between the supply and demand to ensure that trades can always be made. Market clearing is closely connected with the concept of market equilibrium...

market clearing

market clearing  

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Overview Page
The process of moving to a position where the quantity supplied is equal to the quantity demanded, or the assumption that economic forces always ensure the equality of supply and demand. The process ...
clearing margin

clearing margin  

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The amount of margin required to be deposited by a clearing member with a clearing house to support its trading activity with the exchange (cf. marked-to-market). See initial margin; maintenance ...
Unified Clearing Group

Unified Clearing Group  

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(USA).Association of major exchanges set up to share information about major exposures in their respective markets designed to avoid systemic risk.
Clearing House Interbank Payments System

Clearing House Interbank Payments System  

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(CHIPS)A US bank clearing house for large-value dollar transactions. It is owned by financial institutions and operated by the Clearing House Payments Company (formerly the New York Clearing House ...
Central Moneymarkets Office

Central Moneymarkets Office  

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(CMO) (Money markets; UK).The Bank of England's electronic clearing house for sterling money market instruments, such as certificates of deposit and commercial paper. It is the short-end of the ...
discount market deposit

discount market deposit  

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A short-term deposit made with a discount house, usually by a clearing bank, earning a rate of interest known as the discount market deposit rate. These deposits provide the discount houses with ...
Rule 221

Rule 221  

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Conditions laid down by the International Securities Market Association for the primary settlement of securities from one clearing house to another (cf. Centrale de Livraison des Valeurs Mobilières); ...
commodity market

commodity market  

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A market in which commodities are traded. The main terminal markets in commodities are in London, New York, and Chicago, but in some commodities there are markets in the country of origin. Some ...
turn-round rate

turn-round rate  

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The total cost of a transaction on a commodity market, including the broker's commission and the fee charged by the clearing house.
virt-x

virt-x  

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An order-driven electronic market for pan-European blue-chip securities, created in 2001 from London's Tradepoint Investment Exchange with the involvement of the SWX Swiss Exchange. Clearing is ...
two–way margining

two–way margining  

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A system of collateralizing positions at a clearing house or with a counterparty where both sides agree to add margin to the position if the marked-to-market value should move against ...
variation call

variation call  

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A notice by an exchange's clearing house or a broker for a market participant to provide more margin to top up their margin account due to adverse price changes affecting the balance in the account ...
systemic risk

systemic risk  

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The risk of a failure in a whole system, such as the clearing-house system in commodity markets.
Effektengiro

Effektengiro  

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(Germany).Securities clearing system for the German capital market.
callover

callover  

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A meeting of commodity brokers and dealers at fixed times during the day in order to form a market in that commodity. The callover has traditionally been used for trading in futures, in fixed ...
existence of equilibrium

existence of equilibrium  

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The demonstration that an equilibrium exists for an economic model or a game. An existence proof requires the demonstration that there is a simultaneous solution to the set of equations that describe ...
money center bank

money center bank  

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(USA).Term for the largest US domestic banks which are active participants in the wholesale money markets. The term is also often used for major banks in other countries.
certificate of deposit

certificate of deposit  

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(CD)A negotiable certificate issued by a bank in return for a term deposit of up to five years. CDs originated in the USA in the 1960s. From 1968, a sterling CD was issued by UK banks. They were ...
Fédération Internationale des Bourses de Valeurs

Fédération Internationale des Bourses de Valeurs  

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(FIBV)A world federation of stock exchanges, formed in 1961 by a number of stock markets as a means of exchanging information and opinions. Its headquarters are in Paris.

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