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market clearing

The process of moving to a position where the quantity supplied is equal to the quantity demanded, or the assumption that economic forces always ensure the equality of supply and demand. ...

Australian Securities Exchange

Australian Securities Exchange   Quick reference

Kenneth Morgan

Dictionary Plus Society and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Society and culture
Length:
64 words

...Australian Securities Exchange ASX Limited, an Australian public company, operates the Australian Securities Exchange. It was formed in July 2006 . It has a market capitalization of AU$1.6 trillion, and is one of the world’s fifteen top-listed exchange groups. Based in Sydney, ASX is a market operator, clearing house, and payment systems facilitator. The Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) oversees ASX’s financial operations. Kenneth...

kangaroos

kangaroos   Reference library

Barbara Santich

The Oxford Companion to Food (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

...Moresby markets. May reports that the flesh is tough and a little like rabbit in taste. Kangaroo was also eaten by white settlers in the early colonial period, selling for sixpence a pound in Sydney in 1796 (when imported salt pork cost one shilling per pound). It was the principal source of fresh meat in Van Diemen’s Land (Tasmania) for its first years, and in the 1840s could still be readily purchased in Hobart Town. Explorers and adventurers relied on kangaroos to supplement the minimal provisions they carried, while colonists occupied in clearing land,...

German history

German history   Reference library

Tom Scott, Tom Scott, Tom Scott, Tom Scott, Tom Scott, Tom Scott, and Tom Scott

The Oxford Companion to Wine (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2023
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
5,025 words
Illustration(s):
2

...selected new sites, while at the same time prohibiting the clearing of land for vines where only poor quality could be expected. In what is now the mosel , for instance, the Abbey of St Maximin had been replanting at Grünhaus on the ruwer since 1695 ; as many as 100,000 new cuttings, it has been reckoned, were put down. But at the other end of the scale, more land was constantly being taken in by small growers, so that the prince-archbishops of Trier issued an edict in 1720 banning the clearing of forest for new vineyards. In 1750 , another decree...

classical Rome

classical Rome   Reference library

Andrew Dalby

The Oxford Companion to Food (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
2,345 words

...Caesar, at which sixteen appetizers awaited the priestly celebrants. They ranged from sea urchin and clams to slices of venison and wild boar . The main courses were accompanied by bread and wine. Waiters must have been forever coming and going, bringing new courses, clearing away, supplying perfumed water for finger-rinsing: for diners ate with their hands, with the occasional help of a knife. Music and dance, performed by slaves, might well accompany the drinking, which tended to continue long after the meal itself was over. A napkin, which lay in...

Bristol

Bristol   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to Literary Britain & Ireland (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature, Society and culture
Length:
3,401 words

...time abroad as he was consumptive but he was at 7 Victoria Sq. for some time after giving up his London home in 1868 until he moved back to Clifton Hill House after his father's death in 1871 . He left finally in 1880 and wrote ( Letters , 1907 ) of the difficulty of clearing up accumulations of family papers. He wrote of his home in his essay ‘Clifton and a Lad's Love’, published in In the Key of Blue ( 1893 ). Clifton Hill House is now a university residential hall. The Manx poet T. E. Brown was a housemaster at the new Clifton College from ...

Philippines

Philippines   Reference library

Jose Florante J. Leyson and J. F. J. Leyson

Contiuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
23,775 words
Illustration(s):
1

...recess, somewhere in May or June. The ceremony commences when boys, aged 8 to 12 years old, march in procession, usually in groups of 10 to 12, to the medicine man's house. The medicine man, with the parents' knowledge and consent, will then lead the boys to a secluded place, a clearing in a thicket or on a farm to insure privacy. The boy, with pants removed, is seated on the edge of a rock or stump of a tree, while the medicine man sharpens and cleans the knife. Despite this tension-producing buildup, the boy must remain calm and composed to show that he is...

Nigeria

Nigeria   Reference library

Uwem Edimo Esiet, Christine Olunfinke Adebajo, Mairo Victoria Bello, Rakiya Booth, Imo I. Esiet, Nike Esiet, Foyin Oyebola, Bilkisu Yusuf, and Beldina Opiyo-Omolo

Contiuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
30,835 words
Illustration(s):
1

...2. Regions: Kano, Katsina, and Kaduna. Ethic Group: Muslim HausaThese cultures frown on premarital sexual relations. Sexual foreplay before coitus is also frowned on; sexual intercourse usually occurs in the dark or semi-dark. The man indicates his readiness to penetrate by clearing his voice. This tells the wife to position herself. The woman always remains clothed or at least semi-nude. At the end of sexual intercourse, both partners have a ritual bath called Ghusul Janabat . Male children are preferred because they continue the family name, help with...

South Africa

South Africa   Reference library

Lionel John Nicholas, Priscilla Sandra Daniels, Mervyn Bernard Hurwitz, and L. J. Nicholas

Contiuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
23,877 words
Illustration(s):
1

...The procedure for allowing a legal abortion was often so cumbersome that many who qualified opted for illegal abortion or went to another country where abortion is legal to have the operation performed. In November 1996 , a new abortion law passed its final legislative hurdle, clearing the way for President Nelson Mandela to replace one of the world's toughest abortion laws with one of the most liberal. The Choice of Termination of Pregnancy Bill was approved by a vote of 49 to 21 in the South African Senate. Twenty senators were absent when the vote was...

Ethanol as a Biofuel

Ethanol as a Biofuel   Reference library

Christine C. Caruso

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Food and Drink in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...For example, in response to these rising demands and the market value of corn for ethanol, farmers may plant more acres of corn to meet this demand, which reduces the cropland for other products, having a further ripple effect on food retail prices with a continued drive upward. In addition, when cropland that may have been used to grow food crops is converted for ethanol production, the overall demand for cropland raises prices for the land as well as being linked to deforestation and the clearing of grasslands to create space for new cultivation. It has...

Isinglass

Isinglass   Reference library

Deborah Peterson

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Food and Drink in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...would beat and pull this “horseshoe” into pieces and sell it in thin shreds as it was then easily dissolved in hot water. If left whole, the isinglass was marketed as pipe, purse, or lump isinglass. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, isinglass was much used making restoring broths, in making flummeries, blamange, jellies, custards, and to clear dessert jellies. It was also used for clearing wine, cider, beer, and liquors. One of the receipts (recipes) calls for the cook to “open it”: Yellow Flummery TAKE two ounces of isinglass, beat it and open...

English garden abroad

English garden abroad   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...inspiration but possesses a nursery which was amongst the first in France to specialize in herbaceous perennials. Interpretations of the English garden are sometimes less happy—at Versailles in recent memory there used to be a jardin anglais which consisted of a woodland clearing with an impeccable lawn and a bed of totally French bedding schemes. Patrick Taylor Charles Quest-Ritson , The English Garden Abroad ...

New York City parks and gardens

New York City parks and gardens   Reference library

Ethan Carr

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...was chosen. The State of New York passed enabling legislation, and acquisition of parcels of land within the proposed park's defined boundaries began. The state legislature created a Board of Commissioners for Central Park in 1857 and hired Frederick Law Olmsted to supervise clearing operations. Following a design competition, the board selected as the winning entry the plan titled ‘Greensward’, which Olmsted submitted in partnership with the English architect Calvert Vaux ( 1824–95 ). Olmsted and, later, Vaux supervised the construction and management of...

Midwestern Regional Cookery

Midwestern Regional Cookery   Reference library

Yvonne R. Lockwood, William G. Lockwood, and Bruce Kraig

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Food and Drink in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...in the marshes of Wisconsin. The domesticated varieties are descendants of the wild berries that sustained Indian people and have appeared on settlers’ tables in sauces, baked goods, and beverages since the early nineteenth century. Wild blueberries, too, abound in forest clearings and other disturbed areas that have plenty of sunlight and dry, sandy soil. Another North American native, these berries were dietary staples for Native Americans and are traditional in others’ diets as well. Berrying was a major seasonal activity for the area's Native people,...

Native American Foods

Native American Foods   Reference library

Alice Ross, Alice Ross, and Alice Ross

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Food and Drink in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...material, such as metamorphic rock like Clearing the Land Planting fields were often used for periods of approximately ten years, during which time the resources of an area—firewood, food plants, soil, and game—became depleted. At such times, some tribes, among them those in the Eastern Woodlands region, moved a few miles away and started again. A year or so before the move was scheduled, an area of land was selected with an eye to available water, fuel, plants, and animal populations, and the process of clearing the land was begun. Trees were girdled near...

Dining Rooms and Meal Service

Dining Rooms and Meal Service   Reference library

Cathy K. Kaufman

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Food and Drink in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...squarely against each other.” In 1950 , the industrial designers Mary and Russel Wright published their Guide to Easier Living . Chapters titled “The Vanishing Dining Room” and “The New Hospitality” advised postwar suburbanites of the easiest ways of setting, serving, and clearing meals, whether for family or for guests. Among the Wrights’ self-consciously radical suggestions were eliminating tablecloths, place mats, and cloth napkins; Dinner on Horseback.  The industrialist and horse fancier C. K. G. Billings hosted a dinner in the ballroom of Sherry's...

Country Clubs

Country Clubs   Reference library

Dayna B. DANIELS

Berkshire Encyclopedia of World Sport (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
4,035 words

...whose members played golf” ( Barclay 1992 , 11 ). In 1885 one golf club existed in the United States. By 1900 more than one thousand existed. Golf courses had no standards during in the 1880s. Country clubs developed the number of holes that their land could accommodate. Clearing and leveling land for fairways and greens required extensive human and animal labor. Finishing a course or adding holes to a course might take years. After the course was finished the maintenance was constant and costly. Some country clubs kept cows to graze the rough areas...

North Korea in Asian American Literature and Culture

North Korea in Asian American Literature and Culture   Reference library

Christine Hong

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Asian American Literature and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...22. Immigration and Nationality Act , September 11, 1957. 23. No and Osterholm, A MiG-15 to Freedom , 179. As No details, although his mother did not meet the bar of English fluency, then a requirement for naturalization, the examiner—on orders from Washington—passed her, clearing the way for her to become a US citizen. 24. Erin Aeran Chung, “The Politics of Contingent Citizenship: Korean Political Engagement in Japan and the United States,” in Diaspora without Homeland: Being Korean in Japan , ed. Sonia Ryang and John Lie (Berkeley: University of...

Strategic Hybridity in Early Chinese and Japanese American Literature

Strategic Hybridity in Early Chinese and Japanese American Literature   Reference library

Floyd Cheung

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Asian American Literature and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...to jump into the water to do the work of deepening the river, and on one occasion I had to jump in, with the water up to my waist, in order to set them an example. When they caught the idea and saw me in the water, every man followed my example and vied with each other in clearing a way for the boats, for they saw I meant business and there was no fooling about it either. 26 With performances of physical manliness and colloquial American language like this, Yung communicated to his readers also that he bore the requisite qualities of tough masculinity....

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