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fundamental rule of psychoanalysis

The principle according to which a patient undergoing psychoanalysis should engage wholeheartedly in free association. Also called the basic rule of psychoanalysis. See also ...

Operational Code Theory: Beliefs and Foreign Policy Decisions

Operational Code Theory: Beliefs and Foreign Policy Decisions   Reference library

Stephen G. Walker and Mark Schafer

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
13,684 words
Illustration(s):
2

...consisting of philosophical beliefs about the nature of politics and instrumental beliefs about the most effective means of realizing fundamental political values. This reconceptualization of “operational code” had two important effects. First, it facilitated the use of the concept as a construct without reliance on psychoanalytical hypotheses or the use of methods of observation employed by psychoanalysis. Specified solely as a belief system, a leader’s operational code could migrate from the domain of psychoanalytical theory to the domain of cognitive...

Postmodern and Poststructural International Political Economy

Postmodern and Poststructural International Political Economy   Reference library

Joscha Wullweber and Christoph Scherrer

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
10,663 words

...approaches such as feminism, analytic philosophy, queer theory, phenomenology, Marxism, structuralism, and psychoanalysis. Moreover, many of the researchers in this field do not call themselves postmodernists or poststructuralists. Indeed, some of them (e.g., Foucault) emphatically negate the label of poststructural being applied to their work. Second, the terms “postmodern” and “poststructural” do not fit together very well. As a matter of fact, they are often used very differently. While for some these terms are pointing toward the same thing and are...

Ethnicity, Nationalism, and Colonialism

Ethnicity, Nationalism, and Colonialism   Reference library

Mehmet Sinan Birdal

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
11,884 words

...politics and security concerns ( Biswas 2001 ). Fanon’s ethos of resistance is shared by authors who emphasize the question of discourse and knowledge. However, Fanon’s use of Freudian psychoanalysis posits a challenge for postcolonial approaches. As Harold Lasswell emphasized in the 1930s, the anticolonial movement might not lead to full emancipation in the Freudian sense. He defines “emancipation” as the “release from an internalized symbol of authority […] when certain of the older superego patterns are thrust aside, and the personality has been...

Universals and Particulars in International Relations Theory

Universals and Particulars in International Relations Theory   Reference library

Fiona Robinson and Anupam Pandey

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
11,982 words

...Sites and Resistances . London: Routledge, pp. 27–43. Charlesworth, H. (1994) What are “Women’s International Human Rights?” In R. Cook (ed.) Human Rights of Women: National and International Perspectives . Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, pp. 58–84. Chodorow, N. (1978) The Reproduction of Mothering: Psychoanalysis and the Sociology of Gender . Berkeley: University of California Press. Chowdhry, G. , and Nair, S. (2002) Power in a Postcolonial World: Race, Gender and Class in International Relations Power. In G. Chowdhry and ...

Feminist Perspectives on Foreign Policy

Feminist Perspectives on Foreign Policy   Reference library

Anne-Marie D'Aoust

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
14,416 words

... (1992) Women, Feminism, and International Human Rights Law – Methodological Myopia, Fundamental Flaws, or Meaningful Marginalisation? Some Current Issues. Australian Year Book of International Law (12), 205–16. Campbell, D. (1998) Writing Security: United States Foreign Policy and the Politics of Identity . Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Caprioli, M. (2003) Gender Equality and State Aggression: The Impact of Domestic Gender Equality on State First Use of Force. International Interactions (29) (3), 195–214. Caprioli, M. (2004a) Democracy...

Psychology and Security

Psychology and Security   Reference library

Jonathan Mercer

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
11,371 words

...the techniques of deterrence are ancient, the explicit application of psychology to deterrence began in the 1960s and has developed steadily over the past four decades. Learning and intelligence assessments are a third aspect of strategic interaction. How people learn, what they are likely to learn, and the problems of assessing the intentions and capabilities of others are central to strategy. Intergroup relations captures a fourth aspect of strategic interaction. Understanding the sources of conflict and cooperation between groups is fundamental to influencing...

Feminism and the Politics of Difference

Feminism and the Politics of Difference   Reference library

Maria O’Reilly

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
13,981 words

...(3), 337–57. Chodorow, N. (1978) The Reproduction of Mothering: Psychoanalysis and the Sociology of Gender . Berkeley: University of California Press. Coleman, J. (2009) An Introduction to Feminisms in a Postfeminist Age. Women's Studies Journal (23), (2), 3–13. Collins, P.H. (1998) Fighting Words: Black Women and the Search for Justice . Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Collins, P.H. (2000) Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness and the Politics of Empowerment . New York and London: Routledge. Collins, P.H. ([1986] 2004)...

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