You are looking at 1-20 of 36 entries  for:

  • All: fundamental rule of psychoanalysis x
  • Social sciences x
clear all

View:

Overview

fundamental rule of psychoanalysis

The principle according to which a patient undergoing psychoanalysis should engage wholeheartedly in free association. Also called the basic rule of psychoanalysis. See also ...

Gender

Gender   Reference library

Deborah F. Sawyer

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
6,164 words

...leading to the separation of Psyche and Po from the rest of the women’s groups. This rift reached beyond the borders of France, manifesting itself globally in the repeated clash between the Psyche and Po group and their adherents on one side and egalitarian feminists and lesbian separatist groups on the other. The spirit and momentum of Paris in 1968 united the theorists of Psyche and Po, and while over time each evolved their ideas as individual thinkers, they shared another foundational influence: the psychoanalysis of Jacques Lacan. Feminist...

psychological study of science and technology

psychological study of science and technology   Reference library

Science, Technology, and Society

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...structures—in this case theoretical language and methodology—can systematically hinder the development of knowledge, and how crucial a fundamental rethinking of the traditional epistemology has become. Psychologies of Science and Technology But beyond the universalistic technoscientific tradition, the history of psychology also includes epistemologies that articulate the particularities and the diversity of human subjectivity. From the psychoanalysis of Sigmund Freud to William Stern's critical personalism, from phenomenology to the cultural-historical...

Sexuality

Sexuality   Reference library

Teresa J. Hornsby

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
5,007 words

...begin to associate that pleasure with something outside of ourselves; desire has a source and an object: the mother’s nipple, her gaze, the sound of her voice. In this phase, famously known as the mirror phase, we see a reflection of our self; we know that we are both self and other. We are beginning to move away from a sense of wholeness, from a self-identity whose desires are fundamental and somewhat simple. Our self in the mirror is “other” in that it is “me” over there. Yet, it is a perfect image, one that we despise because it is better, but one that we...

Social Work Practice

Social Work Practice   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...the first three decades of the 20th century. Eherenreich ( 1985 ) observes that the rediscovery of poverty and the changing national mood toward social programs created a crisis for the profession. It did not, on balance, lead to much in the way of changes in social work practice. Freud and psychoanalysis became very influential in social work from the early part of the 20th century until the sixties. This period, often called the Psychoanalytical Deluge, saw social workers eagerly adopting psychoanalysis as a means to solve several of the profession's needs....

Jaques, Elliott

Jaques, Elliott (1917)   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of the History of American Management

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
2,173 words

...each person will be ‘empowered’ to use their discretion within a framework of prescribed limits; one of the fundamental tenets of such an organization being that each person is able to use his or her capability to exercise discretion to the full, both as it is and as it grows. Research into the cognitive unconscious (Reber 1993 ) provides support for Jaques's emphasis on the direct connection between the processes involved in work and unconscious mental activity: Industrial society … has overvalued … the critical, the conscious, the verbal, the brain …...

France

France   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
19,911 words
Illustration(s):
1

...“Psychosexual Axis” The source of our sexual life is in unconscious fantasies. They can be of multiple origins and can only be understood through psychoanalysis, psychotherapy, or with regression techniques (hypnoses, rebirth, or meditation). Many of these fantasies stem from childhood erotic experiences or from “first times” (first love, first masturbation, or first sexual contact). Unconscious fantasies vary depending on cultures, since they are compromises between taboos and cultural and religious interdicts. Finally, some of the fantasies are genetically...

Adolescents

Adolescents   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Social sciences, Social Welfare and Social Services
Length:
22,463 words
Illustration(s):
2

... Reflections on the dissent of contemporary youth . International Journal of Psychoanalysis , 51, 11–22. Faust, M. S. (1977). Somatic development of adolescent girls. In Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development , 42(1), 1–90. Fischer, J. L. (1981). Transitions in relationship style from adolescence to young adulthoood . Journal of Youth and Adolescence , 10, 11–23. Freeman, H. , & Brown, B. B. (2001). Primary attachment to parents and peers during adolescence: Differences by attachment style . Journal of Youth and Adolescence , 30,...

Mexico

Mexico   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
11,207 words
Illustration(s):
1

...in Mexico. The traditional approach ignored the quality of sexual interaction of people. If one interprets the decisions of the official health system on healthcare policies, attention to these problems was considered either unnecessary or a luxury. The assumptions were that problems of sexual dysfunction were always in the realm of psychoanalysis and traditionally outside the realm of possibilities available to the majority of Mexicans because of the high cost of treatment. Also, emotions of shame and undue guilt prevailed among those who had such...

Austria

Austria   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
18,557 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Hospital, where the Medical Faculty of the University of Vienna is located, is the largest hospital facility in Middle Europe, with 40-some departments, institutes, and divisions, including psychoanalysis and psychotherapy. Sexual research, counseling, and treatment occur in these divisions even though there is not a distinct sex clinic as such. ( End of comment by M. Vorachek )] 12. Sex Research and Advanced Professional Education A. Graduate Programs and Sexological Research Only one working group exists in all of Austria for reproductive biology and...

Argentina

Argentina   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
28,310 words
Illustration(s):
1

...conventional teaching never reaches the subject of the sexually oppressed. Argentina, however, is changing fast, and the day may be not too far away in which these subjects, and the broader implications of sexuality for our personal lives, our societies, and our economies, will be freely, honestly, and humanly discussed in all classrooms, and in all walks of Argentine life. B. Impact of the Psychoanalytic School Escaping from persecution and war, some professionals and scholars in the field of psychoanalysis left Europe and found refuge in Argentina. Here,...

United States of America

United States of America   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
234,746 words
Illustration(s):
2

...importance of rebuilding the Twin Towers), with the possible exception of computer technology. And this failure to lead is reflected in some areas of the sexual arena as well, as can be seen throughout this chapter. The much-touted “American Century” of the 1900s (mostly the second half), may have been our historical apogee, with the ebb and flow of dominant nations and empires about to shift. The United States has certainly lost its illusion of moral authority in the eyes of much of the world (if not in the eyes of its own people), as fundamental corruptions...

Psychoanalytic Methods and Critical Cultural Studies

Psychoanalytic Methods and Critical Cultural Studies   Reference library

Atilla Hallsby

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Communication and Critical Cultural Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
14,688 words
Illustration(s):
7

...and practice of rhetoric, psychoanalytic methods offer conceptually rich insights tethered to the concepts of the unconscious, the signifier , and the drive (among others) that enable the aims of CCS scholars. The sections that follow offer a brief survey of psychoanalysis in rhetorical and CCS before and after the linguistic turn. The latter section, which comprises the bulk of this entry, reviews the four fundamental concepts of psychoanalysis, the registers of the unconscious, and the “Seminar on ‘The Purloined Letter.’” Psychoanalysis Before the...

Homi Bhabha and Communication Studies

Homi Bhabha and Communication Studies   Reference library

J. Daniel Elam

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Communication and Critical Cultural Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
4,356 words

...of investigating alternative forms of cosmopolitanism ( Bhabha, 2002 , 2004 ). If Bhabha is indeed “difficult,” it is no doubt related to the multiple and otherwise non-intersecting fields that he brings together in his writing, as noted earlier. Drawing on the particular vocabulary of these fields (especially psychoanalysis and cultural studies) and to the history of British colonial rule in South Asia, Bhabha’s writing is far from free-wheeling but rather quite demandingly precise. Because of this, Bhabha is best approached first by an explication of...

Narrative Criminology: Crime as Produced by and RE-LIVED Through Narratives

Narrative Criminology: Crime as Produced by and RE-LIVED Through Narratives   Reference library

Alfredo Verde

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Crime, Media, and Popular Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
13,005 words

...of Chicago Press. (Original work published 1930). Spence, D. P. (1982). Narrative truth and historical truth: Meaning and interpretation in psychoanalysis . New York: W. W. Norton. Stones, R. (2015). Desistance and identity repair: Redemption narratives as resistance to stigma. British Journal of Criminology, 56 (5), 956–975. Sykes, G. M. , & Matza, D. (1957). Techniques of neutralization: A theory of delinquency. American Sociological Review, 22 (6), 664–670. Tognato C. (2015). Narratives of tax evasion: The cultural legitimacy of harmful...

Juan Carlos Rodríguez and Michel Foucault: Discourse, Ideology,and the Unconscious

Juan Carlos Rodríguez and Michel Foucault: Discourse, Ideology,and the Unconscious   Reference library

Malcolm K. Read

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Communication and Critical Cultural Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
12,438 words

...feudal apparatus, refused to recognize the existence of a private (religious) sphere. All of which is a prelude to the formulation of the 16th-century theater along public lines: the works of Calderón, like those of Shakespeare, consist of the public display of a public, which is to say political, thematic. Not to be missed is the fundamental contradiction upon which the classical theater rests: while being, like the absolutist state itself, the result of pressure exerted by the bourgeoisie or, more strictly, by bourgeois relations, the stage, qua...

A Fanonian Philosophy of Race

A Fanonian Philosophy of Race   Reference library

Armond Towns

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Communication and Critical Cultural Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
4,730 words

...and the subversion of identity . New York, NY: Routledge. da Silva, D. F. (2007). Toward a global idea of race . Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Fanon, F. (2008). Black skin, white masks . New York, NY: Grove Press. Gordon, L. (1996). The black and the body politic: Fanon’s existential phenomenological critique of psychoanalysis. In L. Gordon , T. Sharpley-Whiting , & R. White (Eds.), Fanon: A critical reader (pp. 74–84). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell. Gordon, L. (2013). Black existence in philosophy of culture. Diogenes , ...

A Survey of Materialism in Thought and Communication

A Survey of Materialism in Thought and Communication   Reference library

Kathleen E. Feyh

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Communication and Critical Cultural Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
13,396 words

...many others, is the work of Laclau and Mouffe ( 2014 ) , Biesecker ( 1989 , 1992 ) , and Greene ( 1998 , 2009 ) , particularly for their promulgation of the ideas of Althusser, Derrida, and Foucault within our field, as well as Lundberg ( 2009 , 2012 ) , and others who did the same for psychoanalysis. Critics of the cultural turn in Western Marxism in our field are mostly to be found among rhetoricians located within or informed by varieties of classical or orthodox Marxism described earlier. They point to the relocation of revolutionary agency from a...

Psychopathy and the Media

Psychopathy and the Media   Reference library

David W. Jones

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Crime, Media, and Popular Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
12,263 words

...and dire regulatory provisions dealing with the widest variety of sexual behaviour. While the “sexualisation of the psychopath” ( Denno, 1998 , p. 1341) in this legislation can be viewed as a response to anxiety about sexuality, it was also influenced by the relative popularity of psychoanalysis amongst society as a whole. Covey ( 2009 ), for example, notes how Freudian ideas started to influence Hollywood film narratives as early as the 1940s. Not only was madness linked to dangerous forms of sexuality, but they were also presented as treatable conditions....

Dark Tourism, Penal Landscapes, and Criminological Inquiry

Dark Tourism, Penal Landscapes, and Criminological Inquiry   Reference library

Justin Piché and Kevin Walby

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Crime, Media, and Popular Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
7,903 words

...present (see Craig, 2016 ), projects a sense of hierarchy and status. The forms of accusation, verdict, and sentencing that took place in decommissioned courts remain fundamental to the penal process today. Though there is a literature on museum representations of law ( Douglas, 2015 ), former courthouses need to be a focus of future studies, since such sites raise questions about representations of criminal justice and human suffering ( Savelsberg & King, 2005 ). There is a large volume of heritage sites of this kind. For instance, Carceral Cultures ...

Cultural Studies Approaches to the Study of Crime in Literature

Cultural Studies Approaches to the Study of Crime in Literature   Reference library

Deborah Henderson

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Crime, Media, and Popular Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
11,514 words

...of society investigated by the hard-boiled detective. In many crime stories, gay male characters were represented as effeminate, sometimes as cross-dressers, and almost always unhappy if they were there at all; they were often characterized as weak or psychologically impaired. The popularity of psychoanalysis and the clinical determination that homosexuality was a mental illness helped fortify the negative representations of gay men and women in crime fiction. With the exception of Gore Vidal’s Fifth Position ( 1952 ), positive representations of gay...

View: