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fundamental rule of psychoanalysis

The principle according to which a patient undergoing psychoanalysis should engage wholeheartedly in free association. Also called the basic rule of psychoanalysis. See also ...

NEIGHBOR

NEIGHBOR   Reference library

Kenneth Reinhard

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
7,247 words

...reason precisely as the residue of those logics and as something caught up in them but not fully explainable in the terms of either. In his seminar of 1959–60 , The Ethics of Psychoanalysis , Lacan suggests that Freud’s critique of neighbor-love reveals a fundamental truth about jouissance , the traumatic enjoyment that the subject both repudiates and secretly treasures. Lacan connects Freud’s discussion of the Neighbor in Civilization and Its Discontents with his account of the Nebenmensch —literally the “next person,” the first other encountered...

WERT

WERT (GERMAN)   Reference library

Marc de Launay

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
4,806 words

...a principle of the historico-hermeneutic sciences. In early Habermas there is also the concept of “emancipatory” ( emanzipatorisch ) interest derived from the impulse to strive for freedom against the constraints of nature, as well as distinct sociopolitical forms of coercion that have preoccupied the “critical sciences” (ideology critique, psychoanalysis, etc.). Bibliography Habermas, Jurgen . Technik und Wissenschaft als “ Ideologie .” Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1968. Translation by J. Shapiro : “Technology and Science as ‘Ideology.’” In Toward a...

AGENCY

AGENCY   Reference library

Étienne Balibar and Sandra Laugier

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
7,145 words

...Darstellung . Vol. 17 of Gesammelte Werke . Frankfurt: Fischer, 1940. Translation by J. Strachey : An Outline of Psycho-Analysis . Vol. 23 of The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud . London: Hogarth Press, 1960. Freud, Sigmund . Neue Folge Vorlesungen zur Einführung in die Psychoanalyse . Vol. 15 of Gesammelte Werke . Frankfurt: Fischer, 1940. Translation by J. Strachey : New Introductory Lectures on Psycho-Analysis . Vol. 22 of The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud . London:...

LOVE

LOVE   Reference library

Clara Auvray-Assayas, Charles Baladier, Philippe Būttgen, and Barbara Cassin

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
11,723 words

...love” is merely erotic love metamorphosed, in the best of cases, by sublimation, a process that redirects the infantile libido toward nonsexual cultural goals. This radical Lacanian dichotomy is nonetheless tempered by the fact that for psychoanalysis, “love” designates not only the “choice of object” ( Objektwahl ) but also “transference love” ( Übertragungsliebe ), a phenomenon that is fundamental for the functioning of analytical procedures. It was after the failure of his treatment of his first hysterical patients that Freud theorized transference...

SEX

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Geneviève Fraisse

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

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Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
5,816 words

...of the debate over sex and gender is a function of the fact that it remains imprisoned in a problematic of identity: the quest for (or the critique of) identity appears to be the fundamental question. Yet a different question might modify the perspective—that of otherness. For in excessively debating the identity of sexuated beings too little is said of their relation, of the relation to the other and to others. Yet that relation—the sexual relation, social relations, relations of domination or emancipation—is historical. The historicity of the difference of...

SUBLIME

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Baldine Saint-Girons

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

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Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
5,508 words

...is the calling into play of social passions that attach us to more or less contingent objects of pleasure and love; on the other, the stirring of fundamental passions affecting the love of self, or what we would today call narcissism, in its triple—physical, psychological, and moral—dimension. As much, then, as the beautiful will appear to be endowed with “means,” and to that extent, to be capable of being reproduced and of being the subject of academic instruction, just so will the sublime, for its part, appear to dispose only of favored “vehicles,” whose...

SIGNIFIER

SIGNIFIER   Reference library

Barbara Cassin, Frédérique Ildefonse, Carita Klippi, and Irène Rosier-Catach

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
10,849 words

...play of the signifier and the existence of the real The place occupied by the signifier in psychoanalysis opens onto a perception of language that is completely different from that of (classically Aristotelian) philosophy. “The giant of language recovers its stature at being suddenly delivered from the Gulliverian bonds of meaning” (“Situation de la psychanalyse en 1956 ,” in Lacan, Écrits , 470). This is intrinscally linked to the analyst’s way of listening to the punctuation of therapy: “We repeat to our students: ‘Beware of understanding!’ … Let one of your...

SOUL

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Étienne Balibar

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
17,999 words

...of mind” it seeks to move beyond the limits Locke assigned to the observation of mind; 2. in the area of Freudian psychoanalysis and its various “topics,” by an apparent return to the multiplicity of structures (or “partial souls”) characteristic of the ancient point of view, but in radically new conditions that have emerged from the combination of the clinical hypothesis of the unconscious and a modern problematics of the subject, which obliges us to inquire anew into the continuity of the notions of psychè and the psyche. As if each of the old...

SIGN

SIGN   Reference library

Barbara Cassin, Mildred Galland-Szymowiak, Sandra Laugier, Alain de Libera, Frédéric Nef, and Irène Rosier-Catach

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
17,133 words

...the notion of a “symbolic system”: Every culture can be considered as a set of symbolic systems, of which language, rules of marriage, economic relations, art, science, and religion are of the first rank. (Lévi-Strauss, “Introduction à l’œuvre de Marcel Mauss”) It is with that grid that Jacques Lacan undertook a return to the Freudian roots of psychoanalysis, formulating the axiom that he would argue until the end of his teaching: “The unconscious is structured like a language.” That axiom lies at the basis of his elaboration of the “symbolic”...

PLEASURE

PLEASURE   Reference library

Charles Baladier, Clara Auvray-Assayas, Jean-François Balaudé, Barbara Cassin, Jean-Pierre Cléro, and Baldine Saint Girons

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
12,291 words

...help us construct a world, either one of physical objects or one of interpersonal relations. They are thus fundamental to the whole of the “springs of action.” Hence the “fictive” or “reflexive” character of pleasures does not prevent us from considering them as neither good nor false, neither true nor false. The principle of utility, which postulates the quest for the greatest happiness for the greatest number, leads us to put them in a logical and quantitative form, to subject them, by means of multiple rules, to a calculus ( see UTILITY ). Thus when...

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