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bare life

Italian philosopher Giorgio Agamben's concept for life that has been exposed to what he terms the structure of exception that constitutes contemporary biopower. The term originates in ...

Costa Rica

Costa Rica   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
15,509 words
Illustration(s):
1

...show, during the last 20 years, there has developed a large gap in income between one sector of the population who live at first-world standards (levels of consumption, private bilingual education, travel, etc), and other sectors with diminishing capacities to purchase even the bare necessities. 1. Basic Sexological Premises A. Character of Gender Roles The situation of women's sexualities in this small country reflects some unique and particular traits in the national gender social arrangements, and it also reflects larger universal trends, which affect...

Morocco

Morocco   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
10,839 words
Illustration(s):
1

...two years to collect them. In Morocco, twins are considered to be baraka (good fortune); if Hamadi's daughters left, people might conclude that good fortune had left Hamadi's house. To add to Hamadi's woes, Fatima issued a final warning. If Hamadi divorced her, she would march bare-breasted to the weekly market. This left him badly shaken. Things got worse. One of Fatima's brothers had married Hamadi's cousin. He announced that if there was to be bad blood between the two families, he would divorce his wife. Hamadi's mother complained that the money Hamadi...

Canada

Canada   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
61,965 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of which speaks to written materials or visual representations created and held by the accused alone, exclusively for personal use. The latter includes visual recordings created by or depicting the accused that do not depict unlawful sexual activity and are for private use only ( Baer , 2002 ). Court proceedings on obscenity cases have been a common occurrence in Canada, and the courts, rather than legislators, appear to be the ultimate arbiters who weigh research evidence and public opinion in such matters. The development of phone sex lines, computer sex...

Mexico

Mexico   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
11,207 words
Illustration(s):
1

..., ed., Antologia de la sexualidad humana . México. Díaz Loving, R. 1988. Desenredando la semántica del amor. In: La psicología social de México: 1988 . México: Proceedings of the Congess of Social Psicology. Dillon, S. 1997 (January 22). How to scandalize a politician: Bare a love affair. The New York Times , p. A4. Eskala, E. , et al. 1992. La adolescente embarazada y su relación de pareja. Psicología social de México III. Proceedings of the Congess of Social Psycology . México. Falicov, C. J. 1982. Mexican families. In: M. McGoldrick , J. K....

China

China   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
31,201 words
Illustration(s):
1

...in the journal International Security , demographers Valerie Hudson and Andrea Den Boer estimate that China will have between 29 million and 33 million unmarried males ages 15 to 34 by the year 2020 . Other estimates put the number of young, unmarried men, of guang guan (“bare branches” or “barren sticks”) in 2020 at 40 million. That number equals the combined female population of Taiwan and South Korea. The probable main but not sole cause, according to Chinese researcher Chu Junhong in a 2001 report in the Population and Development Review , is...

Thailand

Thailand   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
37,958 words
Illustration(s):
1

...with a formal structure (Allyn 1991 ). Despite the many developments of a gay identity in Thailand, the average Thai gay man lives his gay life separately from the other parts of his life. Allyn ( 1991 ) speculates that this way of life is sufficient for many, as many Thai gay men have expressed satisfaction. Allyn further suggests that Thai people are trained since childhood to accept their lot in life. Similar to the way the perceived transience of gender helps many Thai women to accept their role (see Section 1, Basic Sexological Premises), Thai...

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
37,226 words
Illustration(s):
1

...anywhere in the world. ( End of update by K. R. Wylie )] E. Pornography and Erotica Kevan R. Wylie There has been a general relaxation within England and Wales over erotica and nudity when displayed within newspapers and on television. There has been a trend away from the “page 3” bare-breasted girl in the tabloid press, in part fueled by complaints from feminists, but also because of increased availability of such material elsewhere. Hard pornography cannot be shown on British television, nor can scenes of an erect penis or bondage. Among European nations, only...

Iran

Iran   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
16,571 words
Illustration(s):
1

...by F. A. Sadeghpour )] Little girls of all ages are kept well covered. In many provincial towns, girl babies are hidden completely under their mother's chador on the street. Toddler girls wear chadors often with only a pacifier protruding from its folds. Little boys are often bare from the waist down, obviating the need for diapers outside. At any age, males may urinate openly in the street or at the roadside. Older males often seek the partial privacy of a tree or wall. Most, however, orient themselves in a way so as to avoid the sacrilege of urinating...

United States of America

United States of America   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
234,746 words
Illustration(s):
2

...requires some skill to interpret and some musical talent and training to even approach an understanding of how the piece is supposed to sound, or sometimes even to discern what verse follows another. Furthermore, the printed notation of most modern (popular) music only provides a bare-bones outline of the words, melody, rhythm, and accompaniment of any particular song. The “arrangement” chosen by the artists, as well as the individuals' or groups' own innate voices and styles, then create the distinctions that separate one version of the song from another. Just...

Clooth-na-Bare

Clooth-na-Bare   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Celtic Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...Bare . W. B. Yeats's transmogrification of Cailleach Bhéirre . Unlike her predecessor in Irish tradition, Clooth-na-Bare is not a sovereignty figure. Instead, she seeks the deepest lake in which to drown her fairy life as she has grown weary of...

Baring-Gould, Sabine

Baring-Gould, Sabine (1834–1924)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of English Folklore

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

...valuable and authoritative notes on the songs and often on the performers of bygone days. Baring-Gould left a mass of material when he died and his vast manuscripts are only now being identified and made available. DNB ; Bickford H. C. Dickinson , Sabine Baring-Gould: Squarson, Writer and Folklorist (1970); Harold Kirk-Smith , Now the Day is Over: The Life and Times of Sabine Baring-Gould (1997); William E. Purcell , Onward Christian Soldier: A Life of Sabine Baring-Gould ...

Vaughan Williams, Ralph

Vaughan Williams, Ralph (1872–1958)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of English Folklore

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

...He was primarily interested in the tunes and often failed to note more than the first verse of a text. He did not try to note the whole repertoire of a singer, but concentrated on those he found interesting, and neither did he record any details of the singer's life or attitudes to singing beyond the bare name, age, and occupation. Collecting songs at that time was an arduous business, getting to remote villages (often by bicycle), spending hours searching out singers, noting tunes and words by hand in the open air or pub taprooms. The fact that Vaughan...

Heracles

Heracles (Europe)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

... Europe Or the Roman Hercules. The greatest of the heroes in Greek mythology. Son of the Theban Alcmene and Zeus. Heracles' life was shaped by the animosity of Hera, who pursued him with relentless hostility. She drove him mad so that he killed his own family. To expiate this dreadful crime he undertook the famous twelve labours. They were: the killing of the Nemean lion, a feat he achieved with his bare hands; the killing of the Hydra, a nine-headed dragon sacred to Hera; the capture of the Arcadian stag; the killing of the Erymanthian boar; the...

Kidson, Frank

Kidson, Frank (1855–1926)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of English Folklore

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

...Frank ( 1855–1926 ). Born and living for most of his life in Leeds, he was proud of his home town and Yorkshire roots, and made a modest living as a journalist and author. Along with Lucy Broadwood and Sabine Baring-Gould he formed part of an important generation of pre- Folk Song Society song enthusiasts whose early collecting activities were undertaken more or less in isolation but whose individual efforts, and first publications, became both standard works and catalysts for the movement which included the formation of the Society in 1898 , and...

American myths

American myths   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

...the ground. A similar hero was Joe Magarac , a steelworker who made rails for the railroad by squeezing white-hot steel with his bare hands. Sometimes the “tall tales,” as they are called, were exaggerations of the deeds of real people, again to emphasize American values. John Henry was an African American railroad worker, a modern-day Herakles who was said to have won a drilling race against a steam drill at the cost of his life. Daniel Boone and Davy Crockett were real people whose lives were turned into tall tales. Crockett, a sometime congressman who...

curses

curses   Quick reference

A Dictionary of English Folklore

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

.... Although invoking God's power to curse is generally done by the clergy, in previous centuries some lay people who believed themselves deeply wronged would utter a ritualized curse, kneeling on their bare knees in some public place in the presence of witnesses. Records of a Hereford diocesan court describe how in 1598 one man cursed another on his knees in the churchyard, ‘praying unto God that a heavy vengeance and a heavy plague might light on him and all his cattle’, and in 1614 a woman cursed a man she believed had killed her husband, ‘and prayed...

Food Trucks

Food Trucks   Reference library

Sophia V. Schweitzer

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Food and Drink in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Trucks Quite simply, food trucks are mobile venues that sell food. This is nothing new. By way of carts, wagons, and trucks, creative entrepreneurs have been peddling sandwiches and prepackaged or easy-to-prepare meals for decades. Vehicles would be equipped with anything from bare counter space to fryers and compact kitchens. Today's food truck, however, uses blogs and social media such as Twitter to elevate street food into a gourmet class of its own. Meeting the nation's growing preference for affordable, easily accessible foods made with quality...

Minoan mythology

Minoan mythology   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

...and mountain sanctuaries of the island, suggest that the goddess herself, like her probable Middle Eastern and/or European Neolithic equivalents, was a nature deity associated with the creative essence of the earth , the cycles of nature and of life itself, including death. She is usually bare-breasted, wearing a flounced dress. Often she holds snakes; the familiar goddess companions. Her pubic area, like that of the old Neolithic goddess, is sometimes a stylized triangle. She is depicted in many contexts, leading some scholars to suppose a Cretan...

Sharp, Cecil James

Sharp, Cecil James (1859–1924)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of English Folklore

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

...volume of his Folk Songs from Somerset appeared in 1904 . He joined the Folk-Song Society, which he publicly accused of being virtually moribund. After a very public disagreement with the Board of Education over the type of songs taught in schools, he published (with Sabine Baring-Gould) Folk-Songs for Schools in 1905 , and the immensely influential English Folk Song : Some Conclusions in 1907 . Sharp was approached, in 1906 , by Mary Neal , organizer of the Espérance Working Girls' Club, in St Pancras, London, which catered mainly for poor young...

Goddess

Goddess   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference

...she presented the city with an olive tree. Her importance to myth is emphasized by her prominence within the Greek triad and her appearance in other Indo-European traditions. Alinari/ Art Resource, New York. Museo Archeologico Nazionale, Naples, Italy [Leeming and Page ( 1994 ), Baring and Cashford,...

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