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bare life

Italian philosopher Giorgio Agamben's concept for life that has been exposed to what he terms the structure of exception that constitutes contemporary biopower. The term originates in ...

Antony and Cleopatra

Antony and Cleopatra   Reference library

Michael Dobson and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,330 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...Princess’s in 1890 . Although Beerbohm Tree staged a predictably lavish version in 1907 , this approach to the play had already been superseded in Frank Benson ’s much sparer production (with himself as Antony) at Stratford, seconded by Robert Atkins ’s revolutionary, almost bare-stage production at the Old Vic in 1922 , in which Edith Evans played her first Cleopatra. Throughout the play’s stage history, productions in which both central performances have been equally praised have been rare: for many Vivien Leigh ’s Cleopatra ( 1951 ) outshone...

Hamlet, Prince of Denmark

Hamlet, Prince of Denmark   Reference library

Michael Dobson and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
4,261 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...despite being the most familiar play in the world, Hamlet still seems one of the most excitingly unpredictable, its ending as abrupt and tragic an interruption as ever. Critical history: It would be impossible, even in a book-length study, to do full justice to any more than the bare outlines of this play’s impact, not just in literary criticism and on the stage, but on Western culture at large: its characters have entered the realm of myth, and its motifs have been endlessly reworked, in fiction ( Gothic and otherwise), painting , opera , and film no...

Draper, Ruth

Draper, Ruth (1884–1956)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to the Theatre (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
173 words

...parties and charity performances, and it was not until 1920 that she made her first professional appearance at the Aeolian Hall in London. She quickly established herself as an international figure and for the rest of her life toured continuously, elaborating and adding to her repertory but never changing the basic formula—a bare stage, a minimum of props, and herself as one person responding to invisible companions (as in ‘Opening a Bazaar’ or ‘Showing the Garden’) or as several people in succession (as in ‘Three Generations’, ‘Mr Clifford and Three...

Play

Play   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to the Theatre (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
208 words

...either a tragedy , with subdivisions into epic, historical, or neo-classical, or a comedy , which includes farce. Hybrid forms are ballad opera , burlesque , burletta , harlequinade , musical comedy , and pantomime . Although a play may be no more than a duologue on a bare platform, in its usual acceptance it covers a text, originally written by the dramatist (or playwright, which reveals his status as one worker among many, as with wheelwright), played in a suitable building by actors, together with scenery and costumes (usually specially designed)...

Neher, Caspar

Neher, Caspar (1897–1962)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
189 words

...productions. Characteristic of Neher's style was a spare, anti- *illusionistic stage which stressed use of space rather than pictorial elements. Design elements frequently highlighted theatricality, citing historical styles or genres, sometimes employing projections. The famous, bare, Brechtian stage was largely Neher's invention. Christopher...

Różewicz, Tadeusz

Różewicz, Tadeusz (1920)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
187 words

...loss cannot be communicated through ideologies, moral judgements, or intellectual speculations, but only through the bare facts of human existence and ultimately silence. Różewicz has been a restless experimenter with form. Following a path leading from *Chekhov through Kafka to *Beckett , he moved toward an interior drama played out in the empty spaces between events. The Old Woman Broods ( 1968 ) contemplates the persistence of life amidst post-apocalyptic rubble. White Marriage ( 1974 ) is a pastiche of fin de siècle sexual obsession seen...

Our Town

Our Town (1938)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Theatre (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
381 words

...Manager (Frank Craven ) walks onto a bare, uncurtained stage, with only a few chairs and tables as props, and narrates the events of a typical American small town, Grover's Corner, New Hampshire, in the years 1901 to 1913 . The town is going about its leisurely, traditional business. Professor Willard ( Arthur Allen ) and Editor Webb ( Thomas W. Ross ) describe the town's scientific and social backgrounds, and much of the drama centers on the families of Webb and Dr. Gibbs ( Jay Fassett ). The first act, “Daily Life,” focuses on the ordinary pursuits of the...

Sethi, Surjit Singh

Sethi, Surjit Singh (1928–95)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Indian Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
268 words

...tivin nahin (‘Man Isn't Man, Woman Isn't Woman’, 1969 ) has people lost in a void from which they have neither the will nor the power to retrieve themselves. In Nangi sarak rat da ohla (‘Bare Street Covered by Night’, 1971 ), old and young generations flaunt the urge to experience the Absurd through illicit sexual indulgence. In Eh zindgi hai dosto (‘This Is Life, Friends’, 1976 ), characters wear masks to denote deprivation of identity. After participating in dance that lacks design, they display sadism and masochism through beating each other and...

kathakali

kathakali   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
623 words

...on Indian epics ( Ramayana ; Mahabharata ) and Puranas, kathakali is performed on a bare stage with only stools and occasional properties, by three groups of performers: actor-dancers, percussionists, and vocalists. With a few exceptions, all-male companies of actor-dancers use a highly physicalized performance style embodied through years of training to play kings, *heroines , demons, demonesses, gods, animals, priests, and a few *characters drawn from everyday life. Each role is easily identifiable to a local *audience as a particular character type....

Liturgical Drama

Liturgical Drama   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to the Theatre (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
717 words

...Drama , plays based on the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ . Considering the drama inherent in its subject, it is not surprising that the mimetic instinct in man, driven underground by the Early Fathers, should have broken out again in the celebration of the Mass, particularly at Easter and Christmas. The service itself provided the bare bones of a plot, and the introduction of antiphonal singing, which may have owed something to the memory of the Greek chorus , paved the way for the use of dialogue. As church services became more...

Beckett, Samuel

Beckett, Samuel (1906–89)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
1,044 words

...on a formally conceived visual image and a tight, non-linear rhythmic structure. Godot re-creates on stage the experience of waiting, using *comedy , *metatheatrical commentary, and popular entertainment references to present theatre and life as passing time, diversionary tactics to keep the void at bay. The bare stage, apart from tree and mound, foregrounds the shifting relationships of power and dependency between the tramps Vladimir and Estragon , the landowner Pozzo and his servant Lucky , the mysterious Boy, and the eponymous Godot who fails to...

Assamese theatre

Assamese theatre   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Indian Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
1,449 words

...screens and drapes. Afterwards, flats were used along with painted screens. There were a few attempts at realism by using three-dimensional set pieces. However, realistic *scenography made a permanent entry only in the late 1940s, replacing painted backdrops. Stylized sets, even bare stages, have served as theatre designs of late. Costumes were usually hired from agencies that specialized in renting them out. But this practice was more or less abandoned after the 1950s, when mythological and historical plays gave way to realistic social drama, and costumes...

Scenery

Scenery   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to the Theatre (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,334 words

...in grooves placed about half-way upstage. The wings, too, could be in groups sliding in grooves, so that they could be changed according to the changes of the back scenes. These Court performances of masques had no influence on the English public theatres, which still used the bare apron stage derived from the medieval tradition. Development along Continental lines was prevented by the outbreak of the Civil War and the proscription of playhouses until the monarchy was restored in 1660 . In 17th-century Italy the widespread passion for opera gave stimulus to...

Scenography

Scenography   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Indian Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
1,727 words

...1960s also gave birth to a search for roots in contemporary urban theatre, under the influence of folk forms, evolving a new idiom both modern yet based on indigenous tradition. While this style re-examined the nature of performance, exploring the use of space in the essentially bare picture-frame of an indoor auditorium, the process of evolving an Indian scenography in this mode remains very much at a formative stage. However, some designers like M. S. *Sathyu did attain consistent aesthetic success....

Telugu theatre

Telugu theatre   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Indian Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,107 words

...theatre : Evidence from sculpture and inscriptions indicates that theatrical activities flourished in the present south-eastern state of Andhra Pradesh as early as the second century bc . The Nagarjunakonda excavations, in Nalgonda district, laid bare an amphitheatre dated by researchers to the second or third century ad . However, the first definite word of theatre in the Telugu language appears in Palkuriki Somanatha 's poetical texts, Basava puranamu and Panditaradhya charitramu (early thirteenth century). He mentions a play, Siriyalu charitra ...

costume

costume   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,237 words

... Adrienne *Lecouvreur 's adoption of English court dress and a Garter sash to play Elizabeth I in 1721 indicated a novel if inaccurate attempt at characterization, but the main changes originated with Mlle *Clairon , in the 1750s, who abandoned hoops under her skirt and bared her arms to play Roxane in ‘the habit of a sultana’, and followed it with an Electra in which she wore ‘the simple habit of a slave’. Clairon's example was matched by her contemporary Mme *Favart , who wore simple costumes for peasant women and Turkish, Indian, and Chinese styles...

Shakespeare

Shakespeare   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to the Theatre (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,066 words

... Lear with Japanese décor, a Hamlet set in Victorian times, a Romeo and Juliet in modern Italian style by Zeffirelli . But, with all its divergencies and aberrations, the main trend since 1900 has been the simplification of the background, by the use of a permanent set, a bare stage, or symbolic settings, and a consequent insistence on the importance of the text, the free flow of the verse, and the unhampered action of the plot. These ideals have been discernible behind most of the productions of the RSC , diverse in style though these have been. In...

Marathi theatre

Marathi theatre   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Indian Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,406 words

...Consequently, the quality of technological inputs has remained more or less the same for two or three decades. Another reason for the design aspects not matching the writing and acting levels is the distrust the Marathi playgoer always had toward what he sees as ‘gimmicks’. The bare script is what he holds aesthetically dear, unimpeded by anything likely to draw his attention away. The critic and the discriminating viewer, responding to an unexpressed and perhaps unrecognized streak of puritanism, think of the verbal content, which carries the moral lesson,...

Market Theatre

Market Theatre   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
158 words

... Athol Fugard , including Master Harold … and the Boys . The main auditorium re-opened in 1997 , seating 450, two years after the theatre received its first state subsidy from the new democratically elected government. Charles London M. Benson , Athol Fugard and Barney Simon: Bare Stage, a Few Props, Great Theatre (1997) A. Fuchs , Playing the Market: The Market Theatre, Johannesburg, 1976–1986 ...

Vitez, Antoine

Vitez, Antoine (20 Dec. 1930)   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
139 words

...by Vilar and Brecht , he achieved his own style in four famous 1978 Molière productions. Gesture and posture on a bare stage focused critical dramatic moments, creating a desired instability. His productions at Chaillot after 1981 (remodelled to his designs when the Théâtre National Populaire left) from 1981 included Britannicus and Hernani . Administrator of the Comédie-Française from 1988 , he died rehearsing Brecht's Life of Galileo ( 1990 ). Terry Hodgson A-F. Benhamou et al., Antoine Vitez: toutes les mises-en-scène ...

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