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bare life

Italian philosopher Giorgio Agamben's concept for life that has been exposed to what he terms the structure of exception that constitutes contemporary biopower. The term originates in ...

Abraham Walkowitz

Abraham Walkowitz  

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(1878–1965)American painter, born at Tyumen in Siberia. In 1889 his family emigrated to New York, where he studied at the National Academy of Design. He travelled in Europe in 1906–7, studying at the ...
Adriaen Coorte

Adriaen Coorte  

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(active 1683–1707).Dutch still-life painter, active around Middelburg. Nothing is known of his life, and his work was completely forgotten for more than two centuries after his death. Only a handful ...
Ottavio Bertotti Scamozzi

Ottavio Bertotti Scamozzi  

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(1719–90).Doyen of the Palladian Revival in Italy, he edited Palladio's work, producing the important Le fabbriche e i disegni di Andrea Palladio raccolti e illustrati (The Buildings and Designs of ...
George Henry Durrie

George Henry Durrie  

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(1820–63).Painter. Best known for winter scenes romanticizing cozy seasonal pleasures in the country, he also painted summer landscapes, portraits, still lifes, and a few narratives. A lifelong ...
Fritz Wotruba

Fritz Wotruba  

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(b Vienna, 23 Apr. 1907; d Vienna, 28 Aug. 1975).The leading Austrian sculptor of the 20th century. His masterly craftsmanship won him acclaim from early in his career, as when his work was shown in ...
Morris Louis

Morris Louis  

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(b Baltimore, 28 Nov. 1912; d Washington, DC, 7 Sept. 1962).American painter, a major pioneer of the movement from Abstract Expressionism to Colour Stain Painting (see Colour Field Painting). Almost ...
John Marin

John Marin  

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(b Rutherford, NJ, 23 Dec. 1870; d Cape Split, Me., 1 Oct. 1953).American painter and printmaker. From 1905 to 1910 he lived in Europe, mainly Paris, where he was influenced by Whistler's ...
Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio

Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio  

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(bapt. Milan. 30 Sept. 1571; d Port’ Ercole, 18 July 1610).The most powerful, original, and influential Italian painter of the 17th century. Although his career was brief (he was only 38 when he ...
philosophy

philosophy  

(Greek, love of knowledge or wisdom)The study of the most general and abstract features of the world and categories with which we think: mind, matter, reason, proof, truth, etc. In philosophy, the ...
Coorte, Adriaen

Coorte, Adriaen (1683–1707)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
155 words

... 1683–1707 ). Dutch still-life painter, active around Middelburg. Nothing is known of his life, and his work was completely forgotten for more than two centuries after his death. Only a handful of paintings by him survive, but they show him to have been one of the most individual still-life painters of his time. They are the complete opposite of the lavish pieces by such celebrated contemporaries as Jan van Huysum and Rachel Ruysch , for they are small in scale and depict a few humble objects, characteristically placed on a bare ledge. The intensity of his...

Wesley, John

Wesley, John (25 Nov 1928)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
484 words

...up painting as a self-taught artist in 1953 , the same year in which he began working as an illustrator in the Production Engineering Department of Northrop Aircraft in Los Angeles. In 1960 , two years after leaving that job and one year after marrying the American painter Jo Baer , he settled in New York, where he became associated with the nascent Pop art movement. The Minimalist sculptor Donald Judd , who favorably reviewed his first solo show at the Robert Elkon Gallery, New York, in 1963 , was to become a lifelong supporter; although it might seem...

Renner, Narcissus

Renner, Narcissus (1502)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
516 words

...von Rohr : ‘ Zur Buchmalerei im Chorbuch Herzog Wilhelms IV v. Bayern von 1519/20 in der Herzog August Bibliothek Wolfenbüttel ’, Niederdt. Beitr. Kstgesch. , xiii (1974), pp. 181–9 C. von Heusinger : ‘ A Unique Fashion Book of the 16C. ’ Apollo , cxxiii/289 (1986), p. 164 C. Baer : Italienische Bau- und Ornamentformen in der Augsburger Kunst zu Beginn des 16. Jahrhunderts (diss., Berlin, Freie U., 1992), pp. 106–8 ‘Kurzweil viel ohn’ Mass und Ziel’: Augsburger Patrizier und ihre Feste zwischen Mittelalter und Neuzeit (exh. cat. by P. M. Gruber ;...

Murphy, Gerald

Murphy, Gerald (26 March 1888)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
610 words
Illustration(s):
1

...is the Best Revenge: Two Americans in Paris, 1921–1933 (New York, 1971) [biog.] The Paintings of Gerald Murphy (exh. cat. by W. Rubin , New York, MOMA, 1974) An American Painter in Paris: Gerald Murphy (exh. cat., by R. Stewart , Dallas, TX, Dallas Mus. A., 1986) N. V. N. Baer and others: Paris Modern: The Swedish Ballet, 1920–1925 (exh. cat., San Francisco, CA, F.A. Museums, and elsewhere, 1995), esp. pp. 108–17 Americans in Paris (1921–1931): Man Ray, Gerald Murphy, Stuart Davis, Alexander Calder (exh. cat. by E. Hutton Turner and others,...

Marin, John

Marin, John (23 Dec. 1870)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
173 words

...to German Expressionism and the late work of Cézanne , he developed a distinctive semi-abstract style that he used most characteristically in powerful watercolours of city life and the Maine coast (where he often painted in the summer). His oil paintings (which became more important in his work from the 1930s) are often similar in effect to watercolours, leaving parts of the canvas bare. Marin also made etchings, especially early in his career. From the 1920s he enjoyed a high reputation. He was an individualist, belonging to no movement, and one of the...

Wotruba, Fritz

Wotruba, Fritz (23 Apr. 1907)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
250 words

...could have been done by a 22-year-old. In his most characteristic works he carved directly in stone, preferring a hard stone with a coarse texture. His early pieces were in a naturalistic style reminiscent of Maillol, but he moved towards abstraction by reducing his figures to bare essentials. His approach was similar to Brancusi ’s, but in contrast to Brancusi’s smooth, subtle abstractions, Wotruba’s figures are solid, blocklike structures. They were left in a rough state, creating a feeling of primitive power ( Feminine Rock , 1947–8 , Middelheim...

Parks, Gordon

Parks, Gordon (1912–2006)   Reference library

Constance B. Schulz

The Oxford Companion to the Photograph

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
214 words

.... He also produced remarkable portraits, most notably of Malcolm X, Muhammad Ali, and Duke Ellington. CBS Constance B. Schulz Buchsteiner, T. , and Steinorth, K. (eds.), Gordon Parks: 40 Jahre Photographie (1989). Parks, G. , Voices in the Mirror: An Autobiography (1990). Bare Witness. Photographs by Gordon Parks; with an essay by Maren Stange ...

Eisenstaedt, Alfred

Eisenstaedt, Alfred (1898–1995)   Reference library

Amanda Hopkinson

The Oxford Companion to the Photograph

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
210 words

...said Kenneth Poli of the photographer of the stars, the powerful, and the powerless. Three typical 1930s ‘Eisie’ images might be of Marlene Dietrich in The Blue Angel ( 1930 ); of Nazi Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels glowering at the photographer ( 1933 ); and of the bare feet of an Abyssinian soldier during the Italian invasion ( 1935 ). Educated in Berlin, Eisenstaedt brought his considerable intellect to bear on what was still widely regarded as a humble occupation. He was an early user of ‘miniature’ cameras—first the Ermanox , then the ...

Blake, Nayland

Blake, Nayland (5 Feb 1960)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
447 words

...line between care and punishment. Gorge ( 1998 ) is a video work that depicts the artist sitting bare-chested in an empty room. As the clock on the wall behind him keeps time, the artist is continually fed for the duration of an hour by a similarly bare-chested African American man. This act simultaneously sets up reciprocal dichotomies of dominance and servitude, pain and pleasure between the two men. Feeder , an installation also from 1998 , comprised a life-sized house composed of gingerbread. The two works were initially installed alongside each other so...

Duchamp, Marcel

Duchamp, Marcel (1887–1968)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
449 words

...US citizenship, and was venerated as a grand old man of the pre-war avant-garde. It was posthumously revealed that he had spent the final 20 years of his life working in utter secrecy on a large assemblage, Étant donnés ( 1946–66 ; Philadelphia Mus.). The shock-wave of his legacy reverberates to this day. Andrew Ayers Moure, G. , Marcel Duchamp (1988). Paz, O. , Marcel Duchamp: Appearance Stripped Bare ...

Carlsen, (Soren) Emil

Carlsen, (Soren) Emil (19 Oct 1853)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
635 words

...realist manner close to that of the Munich-style Chase or Frank Duveneck . However, his massing of broad areas of color and reductive approach lends a modernist quality to many of his paintings. Works such as Still Life, Pheasant ( 1891 ; San Francisco, CA, priv. col.), in which a superbly painted dead pheasant is placed alone on a bare tabletop, reveal Carlsen's interest in formal construction and the abstract opportunities his chosen, traditional subjects provided him. While in San Francisco, Carlsen exhibited regularly at the Bohemian Club, of which...

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