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bare life

Italian philosopher Giorgio Agamben's concept for life that has been exposed to what he terms the structure of exception that constitutes contemporary biopower. The term originates in ...

Ayrlies

Ayrlies   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...Whitford, Auckland, New Zealand, a garden of 4 hectares/10 acres, was started in 1964 by its owners, Beverley and the late Malcolm McConnell. The site was bare, exposed to the elements, and poised on a gently undulating hillside facing north across the sea to the young volcanic cone of Rangitoto. The McConnells adopted a naturalistic style and, in the garden's formative years, vast quantities of soil were moved to create a series of ponds and waterways where a range of aquatic and marginal plants including the spectacular Colocasia ‘Lime Fizz’ make...

bonsai

bonsai   Reference library

Christopher M. Cochrane

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...gnarled trunks contrasting with buds and flowers that can withstand snow. Winterberry ( Ilex serrata ) bonsai are attractive for their bare silhouette and bright-red berries. Symbolic of the New Year, Japanese black pines ( Pinus thunbergii ) are enhanced by deeply fissured bark that recalls long life. Stewartia monadelpha and Japanese beeches ( Fagus crenata ) are displayed for their striking smooth bark when bare, though beech also may be displayed for coppery leaves remaining in winter. Satsuki azaleas ( Rhododendron ‘Satsuki’ (EA) are grown for...

Bali

Bali   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...that create spectacular vistas. Mount Agung, at over 3,000 m/9,842 ft the tallest volcano, dominates the island's scenery, as well as much of its ritual life. Unlike the rest of Indonesia, which has the largest Muslim population of any country, Bali is Hindu and its culture and garden development also followed a different path. Traditional gardens are rather sparse, with one or two trees, an expanse of bare packed earth, and sometimes a few flowering shrubs. Temple and palace gardens are more complex, with elaborate water features—ponds, fountains, and...

New Zealand

New Zealand   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...now administered by a trust set up when Cook died. Nearby is Hack Falls Arboretum (Tiniroto), containing over 2,500 taxa, including 200 species of oak, 70 of which are Mexican, many collected in the wild. Cashell (Ohoka, Christchurch) is an outstanding new garden commenced on a bare site in 1993 and designed by John Trengrove ( b. 1925 ) and Pauline Trengrove ( b. 1931 ) along architectural lines marked by hornbeam and immaculate Cupressus macrocarpa hedges. Garden rooms each side of the Palladian-style house are planted in yellow and green on one...

Hampton Court Palace

Hampton Court Palace   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Society and culture, Lifestyle, Home, and garden, Art & Architecture
Length:
1,098 words
Illustration(s):
1

...clipped into their present dumpy conical shapes. In recent times incomparably the most important development has been the thoroughly researched restoration of the Privy Garden inspired by the pioneer restoration of Het Loo . In 1993 the site was cleared and excavations laid bare the original pattern of the garden. Ring counting of the old yews showed them to be the original trees. Yews and holly were propagated, so that the ancient clones could be preserved. No list survived of the original ornamental planting but contemporary lists (including two lists...

Egypt, ancient

Egypt, ancient   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...The natural landscape was not imitated or ‘domesticated’, which is not surprising in a country that consists largely of the flat floodplain with its few trees and the almost plantless desert plateaux and mountains. Another important characteristic is the lack of ground cover. Bare, unirrigated earth surrounds and defines the plants, all of which must be irrigated and intensively weeded; where there is no irrigation, only deep-rooted trees and palms grow. Representations and descriptions The oldest indication of gardening is on one of the earliest preserved...

orchard

orchard   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...of the dining table and banquet. Grown in the open these forms could edge paths and create avenues of delight throughout the pleasure grounds. ‘A perpetual tapestry, covered in spring with flowers, in summer and autumn with fruit and foliage, beautiful even in winter with bare branches laced together in cunning artifice,’ wrote Antoine Le Gendre , the French pioneer of fruit training, whose instructions were translated into English as The Manner of Ordering Fruit Trees ( 1655 ). By the end of the century, not only were orchards very much in evidence...

China

China   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...devices for entertaining imperial guests. These included a unique collection of mechanical figures, 60 cm/24 in high and sumptuously dressed, which sailed in boats along specially constructed channels to perform 72 scenes from Chinese history. A report describes the park's bare trees in winter decked out with silk flowers; in summer its real lotus flowers were increased by artificial flowers ‘constantly renewed’. A ‘million’ people reportedly worked to create this park, of which one in five was said to have died in the process. Destroyed in the rebellion...

Chikuden

Chikuden   Reference library

Benezit Dictionary of Asian Artists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...position on to his son and withdrew from public life to live from poetry and painting. He went to Osaka and Kyoto, where he learned the Nanga technique, and became a friend and protegé of the historian San'yo ( 1780–1832 ). He spent the rest of his life between his native town and the Kyoto-Osaka region. Chikuden was deeply immersed in Chinese culture and gifted with a deep understanding of Chinese pictorial styles. He favoured narrow, vertical formats, constructing the picture around repeated designs - bare trees, bushes, plum blossom, areas of leaves - the...

Huang Quan

Huang Quan (c.900)   Reference library

Benezit Dictionary of Asian Artists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...by a Willow Pond (thick colours on paper, long handscroll, title and name of Huang Quan inscribed in the style of Emperor Huizong, numerous seals and inscriptions, the oldest dating from 1032 ) Taipei (National Palace Mus.): Birds and Grains (album sheet); Four Crows in a Bare Willow and Two Ducks in the Water, under Snow (album sheet, probably from the Southern Song) Bibliography Yang Xin and others: Three Thousand Years of Chinese Painting , Yale University Press,...

Tanaka, Yasushi

Tanaka, Yasushi (1920)   Reference library

Benezit Dictionary of Asian Artists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
398 words
Illustration(s):
1

...his life his work bore the traces of his first thrilling encounter with the vastness of the American West, which stood in such contrast to the country of his childhood. And although he preferred the techniques of the French School to traditional Japanese techniques, his work is free of schoolish influence, the purity and harmony of his colours being learnt from nature directly. He exhibited at the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts and at the Salon d'Automne, the Salon des Indépendants and the Salon des Tuileries. Museum and Gallery Holdings Tokyo: Bare Back...

Zhang Sengyou

Zhang Sengyou (>c.500–550)   Reference library

Benezit Dictionary of Asian Artists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...a bare background and alternate with passages of text. Zhang Sengyou is also the subject of various tales, one of which goes as follows. One day, decorating the walls of a temple with four dragons, he omitted to paint in the pupils of their eyes. This was not from carelessness, however, but from prudence. But since no-one was willing to take heed of his warnings, he added a touch to the eyes of two of the dragons, which immediately fled heavenward astride thunderclouds. For by adding the pupils he opened the dragons' eyes and thereby brought them to life,...

Kuncan

Kuncan (1657–1673)   Reference library

Benezit Dictionary of Asian Artists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...on a Terrace and Looking at the Water Below, with Great Pines and Fog in the Valley Cambridge, MA (Fogg AM, Harvard University): Mountains and Pavilions in Pine Forest (poem dated 1674) Cologne (Mus. für ostasiatische Kunst): Stream Snaking through Mountains, Leafy Trees on Bare Rocks ( 1667 , artist's inscription dated 1667) Oxford (Mus. of Far Eastern Art): Riverscape in Heavily Wooded Mountains (inscription of the artist, attributed) Shanghai: Path Winding between Rocks in the Mountains (dated 1663 , long colophon by the artist) Stockholm...

Kazan, Watanabe

Kazan, Watanabe (1793)   Reference library

Benezit Dictionary of Asian Artists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...a comparatively realist touch, which grew stronger as the European influ-ence reinforced his desire for objectivity and truth. His own talent can be seen less in his official works than in his many sketchbooks, sketches and studies, which combine freshness, freedom, dynamic yet bare lines, poetry and European principles. His portraits are in the front rank of Japanese painting, maintaining a balance between ancestral tradition and the new realism. His subjects are captured on paper with an extreme economy of means and bold simplification, all their...

Landy, Michael

Landy, Michael (13 May 1963)   Reference library

Benezit Dictionary of British Graphic Artists and Illustrators

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...for his large-scale installation works which address issues of contemporary consumerism and the place of materiality in art. In projects such as Market ( 1990 ), Closing Down Sale ( 1992 ) and Scrapheap Services ( 1995 ), he stripped outlets of their products, exposing the bare apparatus that orchestrates, nurtures and absorbs consumer values. The value and usefulness of humans and objects are also central themes in Landy’s work. In 2001 , he produced his seminal work Break Down , which consisted of the display and inventory of every item he owned,...

Li, Cheng

Li, Cheng (>c.960–990)   Reference library

Benezit Dictionary of Asian Artists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...the viewer. The bare trees stand out against a background of light mist, their outlines black and precise in the foreground before slowly fading into pale silhouettes in the distance. In this conception, landscape is no longer the juxtaposition of meticulously rendered and warmly coloured elements it was during the Tang dynasty; now it is a single whole redolent with a fine, internal cohesion. The artist is at one with nature and, as written in some ancient texts, the forms that he projects upon the silk surge up as if from the source of life. It should be...

Ma Yuan

Ma Yuan (1190–1230)   Reference library

Benezit Dictionary of Asian Artists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...by the River; Listening to Autumn (signed album leaf); Contemplating the Moon in the Pines (album leaf); Landscape with Old Trees (fan) Boston (MFA): Two Scholars and an Attendant under a Plum Tree (ink and light colour on silk, fan, mounted as a hanging scroll signed); Bare Willows and Distant Mountains (ink and light colour on silk, fan, mounted as album leaf, signed); Boat near a House on a Wooded Embankment Overlooking a River (ink and light colour on silk, signed hanging scroll); Winter Landscape, Man and Child in Waterside Pavilion (ink and...

Wang Hui

Wang Hui (1632)   Reference library

Benezit Dictionary of Asian Artists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... (dated 1694 , ink on paper); Landscape (dated 1696 , after Fan Guan, signed); Riverscape with Islands and Promontories (dated 1697 , ink and colour on paper, after Zhao Danian); Mount Hua (dated 1703 , after Wang Meng, signed); Pavilions on the Bank with Scholar and Bare Trees among Bamboo and a Flight of Crows (Autumn Trees and Crows) (dated 1711 , ink and light colour on paper) Boston (MFA): A Series of Ten Paintings (signed and dated 1689 , fan) Cleveland (MA): Stands of Bamboo and Distant Mountains (dated 1694 , ink on paper, hanging...

Self, Colin

Self, Colin (17 July 1941)   Reference library

Benezit Dictionary of British Graphic Artists and Illustrators

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...and by producing unique variants rather than uniform editions of prints. In the 1970s, he produced what he called ‘works of fusion’, demonstrating his interest in the Norfolk landscape, his children, still-lifes, the art of the past, politics and unemployment. He invented a new process of sculpting by casting liquid concrete into damp sand shaped by his bare hands, as in Man Scanning the Distance ( 1984 ). In 2005 the BBC aired a documentary Colin Self: A Picture of Norfolk . Group Exhibitions 1965 , Galleria Milano, Milan 1967 , Camden Arts Centre,...

Hua Yan

Hua Yan (1682)   Reference library

Benezit Dictionary of Asian Artists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Louis (AM): Visiting Chrysanthemum Flowers (dated 1753 , ink and colours on paper, hanging scroll, with an inscription by Hua Yan and two seals of Hua Yan) Stockholm (Nationalmus.): Two Mynah Birds near a Plum Tree and Some Narcissi (signed and dated 1758 ); Two Birds on a Bare Branch (poem, signed) Taipei (National Palace Mus.): Zhong Kui at the Feast of the Fifth Month (ink and colours on paper, hanging scroll, inscription) Washington DC (Freer Gal. of Art): Album of Landscapes (ink and light colours on paper, 15 sheets, with inscriptions by Hua...

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