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Overview

agrarian

Describing an agricultural system which combines horticulture and animals.

Community Organization

Community Organization   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...and multiple branches that lie well outside the profession. Certainly, most community organizers are not social workers, and most social work practitioners are not organizers. Community organizing has strong linkages to many other arenas, including, but not limited to, labor, agrarian reform, racial justice, neighborhood improvement, welfare rights, the women's movement, senior power, immigrant rights, the LGBT movement, housing, youth-led organizing, environmental justice, education, tax reform, health care, transportation, public safety, city services, and...

International Social Work and Social Welfare

International Social Work and Social Welfare   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...codes, promoting laws against domestic violence, and introducing a gender perspective to a variety of initiatives. Children's rights groups and environmental movements have also won the adoption of meaningful legislation. Peasant organizations have experienced a reduction in the agrarian debt. Indigenous groups have achieved policy gains in the recuperation of lands (McKinely, 2000 ). Some emerging social movements are renewed forms of sectors with an organizational tradition, such as the private sector, cooperatives, labor unions, peasants, small business,...

Latinos and Latinas

Latinos and Latinas   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...nation until 1959 . January 1, 1959 , marked the overthrow of Fulgencio Batista by the Movimiento 26 de Julio , the revolutionary organization led by Fidel Castro. In the first months and years of the new government, sweeping changes were made, including the passage of the Agrarian Reform Law in May, 1959 , which expropriated farm acreage over 1,000 acres and forbade foreign land ownership, the nationalization of U.S.- and foreign-owned properties, and the resumption of diplomatic relations between Cuba and the Soviet Union. The United States responded...

Social Policy

Social Policy   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...eastern Europe and migrants from southern rural communities filled the cities of the Northeast and Midwest in search of a better life with opportunities for employment, education, and recreation. The United States experienced tremendous industrialization and changed from a rural agrarian society to an urban society. Life was, however, not progressive for all. The filth, overcrowding, crime, and disease of urban communities extracted a heavy toll. These social problems ushered in an era of social welfare development. Unionization was an important component of the...

Disability

Disability   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...moral explanations of disability. The increased reliance on medicine brought increased emphasis on curing, or at least treating, biological inadequacies. Increasingly people's worth was measured by their ability to work and contribute to the economy. As contrasted to rural, agrarian societies, in which family and communities integrated those who were different, institutions that housed the unproductive, including people with disabilities, proliferated. The original intent of some of these organizations may have been to improve the dysfunctional, and lack of...

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