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Overview

agrarian

Describing an agricultural system which combines horticulture and animals.

Agriculture

Agriculture   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Evolution

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences, Social sciences, Anthropology
Length:
6,017 words
Illustration(s):
1

...testa reflects selection for faster germination. Maize arrived from Mesoamerica much later, approximately 800 years ago. History of Explanation Many societies have stories to explain the beginning of agriculture. Harlan ( 1995 ) presents a series of origin myths from various agrarian societies. Typically, a divine being (Isis in Egypt; Demeter in Greece; a child of the Sun, the first Inca, in the Andes; Oannes in Mesopotamia) brings agriculture to the local, impoverished savages along with a system of laws, religious practices, and the arts of “civilized”...

Human Evolution

Human Evolution   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Evolution

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...modes of production. As a corrective to the unilinear schemes favored by Childe and White, the American anthropologist Julian Steward ( 1902–1972 ) proposed a theory of “multilinear evolution,” according to which certain basic types of society, such as the hunting band or the agrarian civilization, tend to develop in similar ways under similar conditions, even though “few concrete aspects of culture will appear among all groups of mankind in a regular sequence.” Within biology, meanwhile, the teleological (and often Lamarckian) theories of evolution that had...

food security

food security   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Cultural Anthropology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Anthropology
Length:
124 words

.... Debates over food security have focused on the costs and benefits of industrialization and globalization of the food system; the ecological and social challenges facing food provisioning systems at local, regional, and global scales; and the causes and consequences of agrarian crises around the world. Some anthropologists have recently advocated an alternative term, ‘food sovereignty’, based on the view that ‘food security’ used by governments and international organizations promotes the industrialization and capitalistic management of the problem,...

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