You are looking at 1-20 of 50 entries  for:

  • All: agrarianism x
  • Local and Family History x
clear all

View:

Overview

agrarian

Describing an agricultural system which combines horticulture and animals.

Agrarian History of England and Wales

Agrarian History of England and Wales   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Local and Family History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
26 words

... History of England and Wales . An eight-volume survey under the general editorship of H. P. R. Finberg and Joan Thirsk , published by Cambridge University...

Agrarian History of England and Wales, The

Agrarian History of England and Wales, The   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
48 words

... History of England and Wales, The An eight‐volume survey under the general editorship of H. P. R. Finberg and Joan Thirsk , published by Cambridge University Press. This work of cooperative scholarship was planned in 1956 and completed in 2001 . It is essential background reading for rural...

Agricultural History

Agricultural History   Quick reference

David Hey

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
4,344 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...yields diminished and a crisis of subsistence occurred long before the Black Death. His ideas have subsequently been refined, but they long provided the framework for debate on medieval agriculture. See H. E. Hallam (ed.), The Agrarian History of England and Wales , ii: 1042–1350 (1988) , Edward Miller (ed.), The Agrarian History of England and Wales , iii: 1350–1500 (1991) , and Christopher Dyer , Making a Living in the Middle Ages: The People of Britain, 850–1520 (2002). The Black Death and later epidemics, which reduced the population...

Local and Regional History: Modern Approaches

Local and Regional History: Modern Approaches   Quick reference

David Hey

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
4,365 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...See also Brian Short (ed.), The English Rural Community: Images and Analysis (1992) , and Claire Jarvis , ‘ The Reconstitution of Nineteenth‐Century Rural Communities ’, Local Population Studies , 51 (1993) . In 1956 Finberg gathered a group of scholars to launch The Agrarian History of England and Wales ( AHEW ), a multi‐volume treatment of the subject from prehistoric times to the present day. In 1967 volume iv, covering the period 1500–1640 , appeared under the editorship of Joan Thirsk. In her occasional paper Fenland Farming in the...

Scottish Local and Family History

Scottish Local and Family History   Quick reference

David moody

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,622 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

..., John Butt , R. H. Campbell , and Anthony Slaven , with Scotland's industrial economy finally taking its rightful place as a subject of study. The bias of Scottish historiography towards agrarian issues was remarked upon in 1983 , when G. Whittington and I. D. White in An Historical Geography of Scotland could note ‘too unbalanced an involvement with agrarian and rural settlement features to the exclusion of most other topics … Industry, population and urbanism are topics still too little regarded’—this, in a country which became the second most...

Welsh Local and Family History

Welsh Local and Family History   Quick reference

D. Huw Owen

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,425 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...which at times contain material of specific Welsh interest, include the Agricultural History Review , Antiquity , the Archaeological Journal , Folk Life , and the History Workshop Journal . The involvement of Welsh historians in cooperative ventures, for instance The Agrarian History of England and Wales , has proved fruitful. D. Walker's Medieval Wales ( 1990 ), published in the Cambridge Medieval Textbooks series, provided an introduction to the main political developments of medieval Wales. The major publications of the Oxford University...

The Poor

The Poor   Quick reference

David Hey

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,036 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...record offices. They include much personal information about the length and conditions of service and about the movement of individuals. For the interpretation of the evidence of settlement certificates, see K. D. M. Snell , Annals of the Labouring Poor: Social Change and Agrarian England, 1660–1900 (1985) and ‘ Settlement, Poor Law and the Rural Historian: New Approaches and Opportunities ’, Rural History: Economy, Society, Culture , 3 (1992). An Act of 1795 laid down that removal could take place only when a person became chargeable to the...

Family and Society

Family and Society   Quick reference

Ralph Houlbrooke

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,144 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... The Making of the English Middle Class: Business, Society and Family Life in London 1660–1730 ( 1989 ), Margaret R. Hunt , The Middling Sort: Commerce, Gender, and the Family in England, 1680–1780 ( 1996 ), and Keith Snell , Annals of the Labouring Poor: Social Change and Agrarian England 1660–1900 ( 1985 ). Several historians have looked at the family through the eyes of women and children , and some of them have emphasized the repressive aspects of the institution. See, for example, Jane Lewis , Women in England, 1870–1950: Sexual Divisions and...

Agricultural History Review

Agricultural History Review   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
45 words

...History Review The journal published twice a year by the British Agricultural History Society since 1953 . It deals with all aspects of agrarian society, particularly with farming practices, landscapes, and the farming economy. Back numbers of the journal more than 5 years old....

weights and measures

weights and measures   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
109 words

...measures There was much regional variety in the use of customary weights and measures. See F. G. Skinner , Weights and Measures (1967) ; Giles V. Harrison , ‘Agricultural Weights and Measures’, in Joan Thirsk (ed.), The Agrarian History of England and Wales, v/2: 1640–1750 (1985), 815–25 ; G. E. Mingay (ed.), The Agrarian History of England and Wales , vi: 1750–1850 (1989) , for the statistical appendix by A. H. John , which provides an index of terms and measures used in different parts of England and Wales in the early 19th century; and J....

Vinogradoff, Sir Paul

Vinogradoff, Sir Paul   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
91 words

...Sir Paul ( 1854–1925 ) Russian historian and former professor at Moscow, who settled in England and became Professor of Jurisprudence at Oxford University in 1903 . He was one of the great pioneers of British agrarian history. His major works were Villeinage in England ( 1892 ), The Growth of the Manor ( 1905 ), and English Society in the Eleventh Century ( 1908 ). He emphasized the use of Celtic and Roman evidence in tracing the development of the manor and other later institutions. He was knighted in 1917...

Seebohm, Frederic W.

Seebohm, Frederic W.   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
74 words

...Frederic W. ( 1833–1912 ) A lawyer, banker, and historian. His early work The Oxford Reformers of 1498 ( 1867 ) is not now read, but his The English Village Community ( 1883 ) was enormously influential in the development of local agrarian studies. Using evidence from and around his home town of Hitchin (Hertfordshire), in particular a topographical study of Great Wymondley, he stressed the continuity between Roman settlement and English...

Tawney, R. H.

Tawney, R. H.   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
91 words

...R. H. ( 1880–1962 ) Economic historian and socialist . Author of The Agrarian Problem in the Sixteenth Century ( 1912 ), The Acquisitive Society ( 1926 ), Religion and the Rise of Capitalism ( 1926 ), Equality ( 1931 ), Business and Politics under James I: Lionel Cranfield as Merchant and Minister ( 1958 ), and with Eileen Power (eds), Tudor Economic Documents (3 vols, 1924 ). He was Professor of Economic History at the London School of Economics, 1931–49 , and had a lifelong involvement with the Workers’ Educational...

Hundred Rolls

Hundred Rolls   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
193 words

... (1996). These rolls have been used to investigate feudalism by Paul Vinogradoff , Villeinage in England ( 1892 ), and E. A. Kosminsky , Studies in the Agrarian History of England in the Thirteenth Century ( 1956 ). Kosminsky demonstrated that the way in which manors varied in size and number from place to place had considerable implications for regional agriculture and agrarian institutions. He showed that freehold land was already of major importance and that half of it was rented by subtenants . Later studies have suggested that these...

runrig

runrig   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
120 words

...visible. The cultivated land was divided into a series of high‐backed ridges, which were often as high as 6 feet from crown to foot and up to 20 feet in width. They were sinuous in form and were separated by balks . Runrig is not, however, a synonym for infield–outfield, but an agrarian term which underwent an evolution of meaning. Enclosure was facilitated by the Runrig Act 1695 . See R. A. Dodgshon , ‘ The Removal of Runrig in Roxburghshire and Berwickshire, 1680–1766 ’, Scottish Studies , 16...

Museum of English Rural Life, University of Reading

Museum of English Rural Life, University of Reading   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
119 words

...since 1750 . Its library contains 30 000 books and periodicals, over 1 million photographs, numerous watercolours and drawings, and 40 000 computerized bibliographical references. See Raine Morgan , ‘ A Unique Data Source: The Classified Index of References on British Agrarian History ’, Local Historian , 19/1 (1989). The archives contain the records of the Royal Agricultural Society of England, the National Farmers’ Union, the Council for the Protection of Rural England, and 2 500 businesses. The Museum has permanent displays of farm tools,...

wood pasture

wood pasture   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
131 words

...in hamlets and isolated farmsteads. Wood pasture districts often had specific social characteristics, notably light manorial control, numerous freeholders, and sometimes a predilection for religious and political dissent, and for rural industry. See Joan Thirsk (ed.), The Agrarian History of England and Wales , iv: 1500–1640 ...

threshing

threshing   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
134 words

...proposition only during the labour shortages of the Napoleonic wars. The earliest machines were large, fixed structures operated by horse, water, or wind. They were most common in southern Scotland and northern England. Production fell with the return of peace and widespread agrarian riots ( see also Swing, Captain ). Steam‐powered threshing machines were made from the 1840s, and in 1842 Ransomes of Ipswich exhibited the first self‐moving (traction) engine. The new technology rapidly gained acceptance, and agricultural engineers in many parts of the...

cattle

cattle   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
361 words

...Cattle have been the mainstay of British farming over the centuries (see the volumes of The Agrarian History of England and Wales and the bibliographies contained therein). Cattle were valued for their meat and milk and as draught animals ( see oxen ). They were often the first item to be listed in 16th‐century probate inventories ( see quey ; stirk ; stot ; twinter ). In the Middle Ages young cattle were reared in the moorland vaccaries of large lordships before being fattened on lusher pastures in the lowland vales. This tradition of upland...

cereals

cereals   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
287 words

...An outline of those areas which have traditionally been farmed for cereals is provided in Joan Thirsk , England's Agricultural Regions and Agrarian History, 1500–1750 ( 1987 ), S. J. Graham and L. J. Proudfoot (eds), An Historical Geography of Ireland ( 1993 ), G. Whittington and I. D. Whyte (eds), An Historical Geography of Scotland ( 1983 ), and the various volumes of The Agrarian History of England and Wales . See also Alan R. H. Baker and Robin A. Butlin (eds), Studies of Field Systems in the British Isles (1973). Wheat and...

View: