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Overview

agrarian

Describing an agricultural system which combines horticulture and animals.

agrarianism

agrarianism   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

... , loosely termed ‘back to the land’, was a defining characteristic of popular radicalism. Some agrarians, like Thomas *Spence , called for the abolition of private property, while others desired a restored peasantry. Common to all was a belief in the viability of small-scale agricultural enterprise, and in the right of universal equal access to the *land [16] . Agrarianism derived from an awareness of how inequalities in landholding, which *enclosure was extending, reinforced all other inequalities. In this sense virtually all British radical...

agrarianism

agrarianism  

Agrarian societies are those which combine horticulture and animal husbandry in systems of farming. Agrarianism also refers to the romanticization of the rural farm as the ideal place for family life.
Southern Agrarians

Southern Agrarians   Reference library

Ted Atkinson

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Cultural and Intellectual History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Agrarians Agrarianism in the U.S. South was integral to the formation of regional and national ideals and identities, as evinced by Thomas Jefferson 's Notes on Virginia ( 1787 ). Influence and ethos form the connective tissue between Jefferson and the Southern Agrarians, a cohort of intellectuals emergent in the latter half of the 1920s at Vanderbilt University after The Fugitive literary magazine folded. The triumvirate of John Crowe Ransom , Allen Tate , and Donald Davidson turned from that enterprise, which involved channeling literary...

agrarian societies

agrarian societies   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
19 words

... societies [Ge] Societies whose means of subsistence is based on agricultural production, crop‐growing, and the husbandry of...

agrarian protest

agrarian protest   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Irish History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
478 words

...by the agricultural labourers and cottiers who were their employees and subtenants. Agrarian crime declined after the Famine, as population pressure eased and living standards rose. Threats, assaults, and property damage all increased sharply with the return of agrarian depression from the late 1870s; but this was in the context of a movement ( see land war ) quite different, in its level of organization, ideology, and social composition, from the agrarian secret societies of earlier decades. Clark, S. , and Donnelly, J. S. (eds.), Irish Peasants:...

agrarian revolt

agrarian revolt   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Canadian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
738 words

... revolt . The so-called agrarian revolt was led by western grain growers seeking greater economic returns from the new wheat industry. Organized in their provincial associations, they enthusiastically adopted co-operative techniques for buying and marketing in their production system. They soon discovered that there were clear limits to what they could achieve by local means. The grain growers hoped to maximize returns by limiting production costs. This meant dealing with the costs of credit, transportation, and machinery—that is, the banks, the railways,...

Agrarian Relations

Agrarian Relations   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
225 words

... Relations , the fiscal, economic, political, and social interrelations between the owner of land and its cultivator as reflected factually in the form of rent and coercion and juridically in ownership and possession . Byz. was an agricultural society, the basis of the economy being the soil. Like Rome, Byz. attached extreme importance to the status of land and the persons who cultivated or owned land. Consequently, to understand Byz. agrarian relations is to understand both the Byz. economic system and state structure. Scholarship has tended to...

agrarian laws and policy

agrarian laws and policy   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
510 words

... laws and policy Allocation of land by the community is attested in the Greek world at the times of new city foundations ( see colonization, greek ), and when land was annexed ( cleruchies ). There is also some evidence for legislation restricting the disposal of allotments by sale or inheritance, in order to maintain the original land‐units, which sustained the households. On the other hand, there developed strong resistance to the notion of redividing the city's territory so as to change the proportions of private landholdings: a promise not to propose...

agrarian laws and policy

agrarian laws and policy   Reference library

Andrew William Lintott

The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
641 words

... laws and policy Allocation of land by the community is attested in the Greek world at the times of new city foundations (colonies; see colonization, greek ), and when land was annexed (cleruchies). There is also some evidence for legislation restricting the disposal of allotments by sale or inheritance, in order to maintain the original land-units which sustained the households. On the other hand, there developed strong resistance to the notion of redividing the city’s territory so as to change the proportions of private landholdings: a promise not to...

agrarian laws and policy

agrarian laws and policy   Reference library

Andrew William Lintott

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
692 words

... laws and policy Allocation of land by the community is attested in the Greek world at the times of new city foundations (colonies; see colonization, greek ), and when land was annexed ( cleruchies ). There is also some evidence for legislation restricting the disposal of allotments by sale or inheritance, in order to maintain the original land-units which sustained the households. On the other hand, there developed strong resistance to the notion of redividing the city's territory so as to change the proportions of private landholdings: a promise not...

Agrarian History of England and Wales

Agrarian History of England and Wales   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Local and Family History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
26 words

... History of England and Wales . An eight-volume survey under the general editorship of H. P. R. Finberg and Joan Thirsk , published by Cambridge University...

Agrarian Revolt in the Sierra of Chihuahua

Agrarian Revolt in the Sierra of Chihuahua   Reference library

Elizabeth A. Henson

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mexican History and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
9,834 words

...to. Agrarian Campaigns and Normalistas Article 27 of the Constitution of 1917 mandated the distribution of land, regardless of prior ownership, to any group of campesinos who demonstrated need. Agrarian campaigns took several forms in Chihuahua in the early 1960s. In the valley of the Río Conchos and near Casas Grandes, landless workers demanded ejidos, focusing on landholdings with certificates of livestock inaffectability (CIGs). The CIGs dated from the late 1930s and were meant to encourage food production; they exempted grazing lands from agrarian...

Agrarian History of England and Wales, The

Agrarian History of England and Wales, The   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
48 words

... History of England and Wales, The An eight‐volume survey under the general editorship of H. P. R. Finberg and Joan Thirsk , published by Cambridge University Press. This work of cooperative scholarship was planned in 1956 and completed in 2001 . It is essential background reading for rural...

agrarian revolt

agrarian revolt  

The so-called agrarian revolt was led by western grain growers seeking greater economic returns from the new wheat industry. Organized in their provincial associations, they enthusiastically adopted ...
agrarian protest

agrarian protest  

Was a distinctive feature of Irish rural society from the appearance of the Whiteboys in Co. Tipperary in 1761 to the Famine. Secrecy was protected by the administration of oaths ...
Agrarian Relations

Agrarian Relations  

The fiscal, economic, political, and social interrelations between the owner of land and its cultivator as reflected factually in the form of rent and coercion and juridically in ownership and ...
Bulgaria

Bulgaria   Reference library

Richard Crampton

The Oxford Companion to World War II

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

...were isolated and not effective, at least until the spring of 1944 . By that time a maximum of 18,000 partisans, organized into eleven brigades, had enlisted with the forces of the Otechestven Front (Fatherland Front), a coalition formed in 1941 of communists, left-wing Agrarians, Zvenari (an authori tarian group responsible for a coup d'état in 1934 ), and Social Democrats. Support for the Fatherland Front increased as a result of Allied bombing, the advances of the Red Army, and Soviet diplomatic pressure applied in Sofia after April 1944 ...

diplomacy

diplomacy   Reference library

Z. A. B. Zeman

The Oxford Companion to World War II

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

...from London to Stalin could no longer prevent his agreement with the Germans. The New Order for Europe ( see Germany , 4) had first begun to take shape when, during the years of the economic slump, Hjalmar Schacht , Hitler's minister of finance, created the dependence of the agrarian economies in the Balkans on the Reich. Other steps towards the New Order were taken by aggressive moves, both military and diplomatic, including the annexation of Austria and the Munich agreement . From Hitler's point of view, these were mere frontier rectifications, intended...

Agrarian History of England and Wales

Agrarian History of England and Wales  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
An eight-volume survey under the general editorship of H. P. R. Finberg and Joan Thirsk, published by Cambridge University Press.
Land

Land   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,951 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...metropolis, linking native traditions of middle-class Dissent with *Scottish Enlightenment and French thought, as well as with republican rhetoric from America, was also inflected by issues arising from agricultural change. Thomas *Paine 's Agrarian Justice ( 1796 ), for instance, argued for an ameliorative agrarian capitalism. Although Paine did not advocate the expropriation of farm-owners, he none the less argued that they had responsibilities to their communities which derived from an original common ownership of the land. In legal title, the commons...

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