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agrarian

Describing an agricultural system which combines horticulture and animals.

agrarian

agrarian   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... Relating to agriculture or farming...

agrarian civilization

agrarian civilization   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... civilization A society that depends on an agricultural economy , and which is therefore settled, as opposed to hunter‐gathering...

monoculture

monoculture   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geography (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...A farming system given over exclusively to a single product. Writing on globalization and agrarian change in the Pacific Islands, Murray (2001) J. Rural Studs 17 lists some disadvantages of monoculture: ‘increasing pollution, soil degradation and ground water depletion; further concentrating economic power, property ownership and social inequalities; and contributing to urbanization as displaced small growers migrate to towns and cities. Moreover, the Tongan economy has been left more vulnerable to global economic fluctuations.’ However,...

industrialization

industrialization   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geography (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...The development of manufacturing industry from a predominantly agrarian society. Characteristic features of industrialization include the application of scientific methods to solving problems; mechanization and a factory system; the division of labour; the increased geographical/social mobility of the labour force; and capital deepening ( Atack et al. (2005) J. Econ. Hist. 58, 3 ). These are also features of capitalism , and capitalism is not the same thing as industrialization. ‘Industrialization is widely seen as the most important social...

green revolution

green revolution   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geography (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...to lower food prices globally. Average caloric intake has risen as a result of lower food prices—with corresponding gains in health and life’ ( Evenson and Gollin (2003) Science 300 , 5620 ). ‘In order for an African Green Revolution to happen, it is recommended that the agrarian communities and regions reform their land ownership and land tenure from traditional and/or customary laws, in order to enable the ordinary or poor farmers to access and use the land with ease. The farmers need secure and stable tenancy on the land for them to make the necessary...

Effects of Rapid Climate Change on Violence and Conflict

Effects of Rapid Climate Change on Violence and Conflict   Reference library

Courtney Plante, Johnie J. Allen, and Craig A. Anderson

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Climate Change Communication

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Little Ice Age—a period of cooling from 1300–1850 , ushered in a number of significant cultural changes, including shorter growing seasons, changing agricultural practices, and civil war, as disruption in food production led to shortages, famines, and unrest, particularly in agrarian societies lacking the resources to cope with these crises ( Fagan, 2000 ). Rapid climate shifts in the past millennium are said to have contributed, in part, to wars across the Northern Hemisphere and in China ( Zhang et al., 2007a , 2007b ). Looking at shorter, predictable...

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