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Overview

agrarian

Describing an agricultural system which combines horticulture and animals.

industrialization

industrialization   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Public Health (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...industrialization The process of change from an agrarian to an industrial economy that uses machines to generate energy, manufacture and transport goods, and move people speedily between their dwellings, workplaces, and recreational settings. These processes usually cause environmental destruction and pollution of air, water, and land with the waste products of industrial development. ...

Industrial Revolution

Industrial Revolution   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Public Health (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Industrial Revolution The transition from an agrarian economy to an economy based on the use of coal-fired machinery to manufacture an increasingly wide range of goods. The process began in Britain in the 18th century after the invention of the steam engine. It progressed rapidly throughout the 19th century and extended to the rest of western Europe, the United States, and Japan, then to the former Soviet Union. A wave of modernizing industrialization occurred in India, Brazil, Mexico, Indonesia, Thailand, China, and some oil-rich nations in the late-...

extended family

extended family   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Public Health (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...their offspring and spouses, and the children of this second generation; often there are additional relations, cousins, second cousins, etc., all of whom recognize their kinship and possess a high degree of family solidarity. Extended families were the norm in pastoral and agrarian societies but have often broken down into nuclear families (two generations; i.e., marital partners and their children) in industrial societies, where there is usually higher geographical mobility. Extended families transmit traditions about infant and child care, provide...

extended family

extended family  

A multigenerational group of people related by blood and marriage, often comprising an identifiable head (a patriarch or matriarch), their offspring and spouses, and the children of this second ...

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