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agrarian

Describing an agricultural system which combines horticulture and animals.

Slovakia

Slovakia   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
811 words

...The centuries-old forced priority of German and Hungarian and the economic backwardness of a poor agrarian region caused theatre in Slovakia to develop much later than in the Czech lands. Until the 1920s only amateur theatres existed, and the national and educational aspects dominated over the artistic. Slowly a Slovak professional theatre was created with Czech aid after Slovakia became a part of Czechoslovakia in 1918 . The Slovak National Theatre was founded in Bratislava in 1920 . At first a Czech-language ensemble, which included several Slovaks,...

Mahmoud Diab

Mahmoud Diab  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1932–83)Egyptian playwright. Diab's early, predominantly realistic plays were set mainly in the Egyptian countryside, then a pet locale for writers following Nasser's agrarian reforms. The call by ...
Felipe Santander

Felipe Santander  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1934–2001)Mexican playwright. Drawing on his training as an agricultural engineer, Santander had a resounding success with The Extension Agent (1978), a critique of ill-conceived agrarian reform and ...
Santander, Felipe

Santander, Felipe (1934–2001)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
107 words

...Felipe ( 1934–2001 ) Mexican playwright . Drawing on his training as an agricultural engineer, Santander had a resounding success with The Extension Agent ( 1978 ), a critique of ill-conceived agrarian reform and social injustice in rural Mexico. Using *Brechtian techniques adapted to Mexican culture with corridos or sung ballads, Santander has his singing narrator (the cancionero ) ask theatregoers to provide the play's *denouement . The Extension Agent *toured Mexico and Latin American countries, as well as the United States; it played...

Yuyachkani

Yuyachkani   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
118 words

...by Miguel Rubio , Ana Correa , Teresa Ralli , and others. Yuyachkani is internationally recognized for incorporating music , dance , ritual traditions, masks , symbols, and other folkloric elements in its performances. Its reflections on the nationalization of mining, agrarian reform, political violence, migration, and the marginalization or displacement of social or racial groups has resulted in plays such as Copper Fist ( 1972 ), Allpa Rayku ( For the Land , 1978 ), The Travelling Musicians ( 1983 ), Against the Wind ( 1989 ), Until When,...

Bolt, Alan

Bolt, Alan (1951– )   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
131 words

... during the revolution in 1979 , living and working with his company on land outside the northern city of Matagalpa. He believes in using theatre for political and social ends, and his company performs collective works about everything from current events and sustainable agrarian practices to community life and emotional recovery from the trauma of Hurricane Mitch. See also oppressed, theatre of the . E. J....

Diab, Mahmoud

Diab, Mahmoud (1932–83)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
113 words

...Mahmoud ( 1932–83 ) Egyptian playwright. Diab's early, predominantly realistic plays were set mainly in the Egyptian countryside, then a pet locale for writers following Nasser's agrarian reforms. The call by Yussuf Idris and Tawfiq el-Hakim for a return to indigenous performance traditions no doubt influenced Diab's Layali Al-Hasaad ( Harvest Nights , 1967 ), where he revisits a village entertainment form but renders it more theatrically complex by creating three planes of reality. The Brechtian -influenced Bab El-Futuh ( The Gateway to...

Santander, Felipe

Santander, Felipe (1934– )   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
155 words

...Felipe ( 1934–  ) Mexican playwright. Drawing on his training as an agricultural engineer, Santander had a resounding success with The Extension Agent ( 1978 ), a critique of ill-conceived agrarian reform and social injustice in rural Mexico. Using Brechtian techniques adapted to Mexican culture with corridos or sung ballads, Santander has his singing narrator (the cancionero ) ask theatregoers to provide the play's denouement , a tactic which added greatly to the play's popularity. The Extension Agent toured throughout Mexico and was...

Fanshen

Fanshen (1975)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Plays (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...redistribution of the landlords' property and of assessing the needs of the community. Decisions are reversed, open criticism is invited, a bandit is re-educated, Communist ideology is propagated: ‘Without the party the village is a bowl of loose sand.’ The official policy of Agrarian Land Reform is now replaced with a new policy promoting collective farming. While fanshen promises a better future for the formerly oppressed peasants, there is still much to be done to ensure that the revolution is successful. Fanshen was remarkable in two respects: it was...

tournament

tournament   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
742 words

...sporadically during the eighteenth century (though not in England). In the nineteenth century revived interest in the Middle Ages, together with the influence of Walter Scott's novels, helped keep the form alive. In the United States, ante-bellum southern culture, with its agrarian aristocracy of slave-owners, its love of horses, and its chivalric code of manners and related worship of women, gave rise to a number of tournaments. Since then tournaments have continued in Europe and elsewhere, though generally without their former literary and theatrical...

Algiers

Algiers   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
767 words

...in Algiers. The slogans he employed were in tune with the times: theatre of the masses, theatre of awakening, theatre of conscience. Performances echoed current issues. Rouiched's Hassen Terro , for example, celebrated the fight for liberation and his Ogress dealt with agrarian reform; the housing crisis and rural exodus were the themes of Abdel Kader Safir's Vacant Property ; Tone Brulin's The Dogs dealt with the recurrent topic of racial segregation. Brecht was also popular. New troupes arose to meet new social circumstances, including ...

carnival

carnival   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,277 words

...same time, the celebration of carnival is typically governed by a process of restraint and a sense of internal decorum—order within licence—even amidst its excesses of consumption and revelry. Despite nineteenth-century attempts to link carnival to agrarian origins, carnival, though seasonal, is neither agrarian nor rural, even though many of its rituals commemorate harvest practices (slaughtering of fatted cows or pigs, Caribbean cane-burning ceremonies). Centred in villages (as in Eastern Europe and Spain), towns or settled regions (Bavaria, southern...

Manipuri theatre

Manipuri theatre   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Indian Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
1,244 words

...defeat in the Anglo-Manipuri war of 1891 , colonial influence undermined the old theatre. A new social order was introduced, based on British perceptions, with support from the existing aristocracy. English entered, along with modern literature and journals, and the semi-agrarian society was transformed with the incorporation of laissez-faire capital. Proscenium-arch theatre became the new performance aesthetic, imitating the latest happenings in cosmopolitan Calcutta. While Calcuttans looked toward Victorian London for artistic leadership, Imphal looked...

amateur theatre

amateur theatre   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,307 words

...in the seventeenth century Jesuit secondary schools for boys, and girls' schools founded by Ursuline nuns, included drama on the curriculum for both evangelical and educational purposes. In West Africa, missionaries attempted to replace indigenous rituals linked to annual agrarian festivals with dramatized biblical stories on the model of mystery or morality plays . In elite schools across Africa in the late colonial period, selected young people from the indigenous population were encouraged to perform drama from the European classical repertoire....

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