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academic monitoring

The process of observing students' academic progress in one or more subject over a period of time. It is used by teachers to compare the performance of a particular student to that of ...

DEREGULATION, 1970 TO PRESENT

DEREGULATION, 1970 TO PRESENT  

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

...pay and raised federal insurance coverage from $40,000 to $100,000 per account. The second reform, the Garn–St. Germain Act, allowed the S&Ls to invest their funds beyond home mortgages. At the same time, the Office of Management and Budget and Congress reduced the amount of monitoring and supervision of the industry. The result was fraud, theft, bad management, and an eventual enormous federal bailout. Enthusiasm for deregulation continued, after 1980 , into the Reagan years and beyond, but became more partisan than it had been earlier. A strengthened Office...

Obama, Barack

Obama, Barack   Reference library

Fred I. Greenstein

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
1,653 words

...Great Depression, the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act. This law was designed to reduce the likelihood of the kind of meltdown of the banking system that produced the financial crisis of 2008 . It did so by regulating risky banking practices and better monitoring the banking system. Obama signed the bill into law on 21 July 2010 . Obama ’s strong electoral showing in 2008 led to the election of Democrats from normally Republican districts so it was inevitable that his party would lose seats in the 2010 Congressional election. To...

Economic Policy

Economic Policy   Reference library

Jerry W. Markham, Clinton M. Sandvick, Thomas K. McCraw, and Stephen R. Thomas

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
5,228 words

...pay and raised federal insurance coverage from $40,000 to $100,000 per account. The second reform, the Garn–St. Germain Act, allowed the S&Ls to invest their funds beyond home mortgages. At the same time, the Office of Management and Budget and Congress reduced the amount of monitoring and supervision of the industry. The result was fraud, theft, bad management, and an eventual enormous federal bailout. Enthusiasm for deregulation continued, after 1980 , into the Reagan years and beyond, but became more partisan than it had been earlier. A strengthened...

Elections

Elections   Reference library

J. Morgan Kousser, Alan Ware, Allan J. Lichtman, Charles A. Kromkowski, and Donald A. DeBats

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
14,415 words

..., Congress enacted a more expansive civil rights act and in 1965 a new voting rights act, which banned literacy tests and other racially discriminatory devices in both federal and state elections. The 1965 Voting Rights Act also guaranteed that the fed- eral government would monitor and review voter registration, elections, and electoral procedures in all or parts of eight southern states, Alaska , and several non-southern lo-calities with historically low rates of registration and voting. Under the authority granted in the 1965 act, the U.S. attorney...

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