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abhaya

Subject: Religion

A formal vow taken by saṃnyāsins never to kill or do violence to any living creature.

Vaṭṭagāmaṇi Abhaya

Vaṭṭagāmaṇi Abhaya   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...Vaṭṭagāmaṇi Abhaya . A Sinhalese king (r. 43 and 29–17 bce ) whose reign witnessed, tradition claims, a number of major developments in Sri Lankan Buddhism, including the first attempt to compile the Pāli canon ( P. tipiṭaka; S. tripiṭaka ), and its Sinhalese commentaries ( aṭṭhakathā ) in written form; this event, which is said to have occurred at a cave named Ālokalena, is considered to mark the first written transcription of a complete Buddhist canon. The Dīpavaṃsa and Mahāvaṃsa state that a gathering of arhat s had decided to commit the body of...

Abhayagiri

Abhayagiri   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...Abhayagiri . A Sri Lankan monastery built at the capital of Anurādhapura in first century bce . The monastery was constructed for the elder Mahātissa by the Sinhala king Vaṭṭagāmaṇi Abhaya in gratitude for the monk’s assistance during the king’s political exile and his struggle for the throne. According to medieval Pāli historical chronicles, Mahātissa was said to have been unrestrained and base in his behavior, which eventually prompted the monks of the Mahāvihāra to pass an act of banishment ( pravrājanīyakarman , P. pabbājanīyakamma ) against...

Council, 4th

Council, 4th   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...composed the Abhidharmamahāvibhāṣā . This council is not now considered to have been a historical event and the Mahāvibhāṣā was likely composed long after the reign of Kaniṣka. The second event that is known as the fourth council took place in Sri Lanka under King Vaṭṭagāmaṇi Abhaya in 25 bce . Up until this time the canon ( P. tipiṭaka , S. tripiṭaka ) had been maintained entirely orally, with different monastic families of monks responsible for its recitation ( see dharmabhāṇaka ). Fearing that famine and social discord might lead to the death of...

Dīghanikāya

Dīghanikāya   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...tradition asserts that the texts of the Dīghanikāya were first recited orally during the first Buddhist council ( saṃgīti ; see Council, First ) following the Buddha’s death and were officially transcribed into written form in Sri Lanka during the reign of King Vaṭṭagāmaṇi Abhaya in the first century bce . An analogous recension of the “Long Discourses” appears in the Sanskrit Dīrghāgama (all but three of its thirty sūtras have their equivalents in Pāli). Fragments of the Sanskrit recension, which is associated with the Sarvāstivāda school or its...

Mahāvihāra

Mahāvihāra (C.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...and Jetavana secessionist fraternities in the first century bce and fourth century ce , respectively. Five hundred monks from Mahāvihāra were said to have participated in the first commitment to writing of a Buddhist canon, which occurred during the reign of Vaṭṭagāmaṇi Abhaya (the patron of Abhayagiri) in the last decades bce . During the reign of Mahāsena, in the late third century ce , a royal decree forbade giving alms to the monks of the monastery, causing the monastery to be vacated for nine years; during this time, some of the buildings...

Mahāmeghavana

Mahāmeghavana   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...branch of the Bodhi tree , brought to the island from India by Mahinda’s sister, the elder nun Saṅghamittā ; and the Mahāthūpa and Lohapāsāda built by King Duṭṭhagāmaṇi . Subsequently at the Mahāmeghavana were also built the Abhayagiri monastery by King Vaṭṭagāmaṇi Abhaya and the Jetavana monastery by King Mahāsena . These two monasteries became headquarters of rival fraternities that seceded from the...

Āloka lena

Āloka lena   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...Āloka lena . A cave near modern Matale in Sri Lanka where, during the last quarter of the first century bce , during the reign of King Vaṭṭagāmaṇi Abhaya , the Pāli tipiṭaka ( tripiṭaka ) and its commentaries ( aṭṭhakathā ) were said to have been written down for the first time. The Dīpavaṃsa and Mahāvaṃsa state that a gathering of arhat s had decided to commit the texts to writing out of fear that they could no longer be reliably memorized and passed down from one generation to the next. They convened a gathering of five hundred monks for the...

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