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Same-Sex Relations

Same-Sex Relations   Reference library

David Tabb Stewart, Thomas K. Hubbard, Anthony Corbeill, Lynn R. Huber, David Brodsky, and Valerie Abrahamsen

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
23,413 words

...18, and 20 (especially vv. 18:3 , 6–8 , 14 , 22 ; 20:13 ) and Deuteronomy 23:10–15 , 18–19 ; from ancient Near Eastern law: Hittite Law [HL] §§ 189–190 (ca. 1650–1180 b.c.e. ) and Middle Assyrian Laws [MAL] A 19–20 (ca. 1076 b.c.e. ). From biblical poetry, key texts include the “sex-positive” Song of Songs. Homoeroticism in the Biblical World. The Hebrew Bible gives little attention to homoeroticism. Possible texts include the story of Sodom in Genesis 19 , alleged prohibitions of homosexual relations at Leviticus 18:22 and 20:13 ,...

Religious Participation

Religious Participation   Reference library

Jo-Ann Scurlock, Jo-Ann Scurlock, Susan Ackerman, Lynn Lidonnici, Darja Šterbenc Erker, Alicia D. Myers, Ross S. Kraemer, and Lily Vuong

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
29,647 words

...5073: Munnia, priestess of Ceres from Athina; CIL 9, 3089: Helvia Quarta a priestess of Ceres and Venus; Hemelrijk, 2009 , p. 261). Inscriptions honor the public priestesses of Venus (Mamia from Pompei: CIL X 998; CIL X 816), Ceres (Pompei: CIL X 1074b; CIL X 812, CIL 1036), or public priestesses of Venus and Ceres (Surrentum: CIL X 688). In Greek colonies on Sicily, in Southern Italy, and in North Africa, the cult of Demeter/Ceres was important because the grain goddess Demeter was supposed to enable Greek colonizers to appropriate foreign...

Religious Leaders

Religious Leaders   Reference library

Ilan Peled, Jonathan Stökl, Vanessa L. Lovelace, Ioanna Patera, David M. Reis, J. Brian Tucker, Tal Ilan, Outi Lehtipuu, Bronwen Neil, and Damien Casey

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
31,240 words

...usually through visions and dreams ( Num 12:6 ) and spirit possession ( Num 11:16–17 , 25 ). Only three figures are designated prophets: Abraham ( Gen 20:7 ), Aaron ( Exod 7:1 ), and Miriam ( Exod 15:20 ). However, the text implies that other figures who received divine revelation through dreams and visions were prophetic figures, such as Jacob ( Gen 28:11–12 , 17–18 ; 31:4–16 ), Joseph ( Gen 38:20–24 ), and Moses ( Exod 3:4b ). The book of Deuteronomy presents Moses as the founder of the office of prophet in ancient Israel and the prophet par...

Political Leadership

Political Leadership   Reference library

Saana Svärd, Rachel Havrelock, Gillian Ramsey, Kristina Milnor, Susan E. Hylen, and Robert M. Royalty Jr.

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
23,198 words

...ministry as making political claims. For example, Jesus’s casting a “legion” into the sea in the story of the Gerasene demoniac is often viewed as a critique of the Roman government, whose armies were divided into “legions” ( Mark 5:1–20 ). Many interpreters understand the claim that Jesus is the Son of God (e.g., John 20:31 ) as a political claim, for emperors were also referred to as sons of God. To some extent, Jesus’s leadership is described in ways that evoke the ideal ruler. For example, John’s Jesus always appears to be in control. He has complete...

Queer Readings

Queer Readings   Reference library

Stuart Macwilliam

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
5,346 words

... also continues the trend of subverting the norms of biblical scholarship itself: “Queer reading is characterized not simply by attention to diverse genders and sexualities but also by diversities of style, form, critical approach, and so forth” ( Hornsby and Stone, 2011 , p. x). Diversity of approach is certainly very much in evidence. To take a few examples, Runions combines, in an enticing strategical potpourri, an unfamiliar use of humor as an interruptive device with a more traditional deployment of redaction criticism to produce a new, if flawed,...

Divorce

Divorce   Reference library

Maaike Voorhoeve, Maaike Voorhoeve, Abed Awad, and Hany Mawla

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
12,877 words

...Experience in the Shari’a Court of Gaza City: The Multiple Meanings of Maintenance.” Review of Women's Studies 2 (2004): 57–71. Shehada, Nahda . “House of Obedience: Social Norms, Individual Agency and Historical Contingency.” Journal of Middle Eastern Women's Studies 5.x (2009): 24–49. Welchman, Lynn . Beyond the Code: Muslim Family Law and the Shar’i Judiciary in the Palestinian West Bank . The Hague, The Netherlands: Kluwer Law International, 2000. Welchman, Lynn . “In the Interim: Civil Society, the Shar’i Judiciary and Palestinian Personal...

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