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Rumba

Rumba i   Reference library

Katherine Hagedorn

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
549 words

...refrain. Each rumba dance form has a clave pattern that defines the dance and its music (“X” = stroke, “.” = rest): yambú clave: [[X . . X X . . X X . X . X …]] guaguancó clave: [[X . . XX . . X . X …]] columbia clave: [[X . X . X X . X . X . X]] rumba del tiempo de España clave (faster than yambú ): [[X . . X X . . X X . X . X …]] giribilla clave (fast guaguancó clave): [[X . . XX . . X . X …]] batarumba clave ( columbia clave): [[X . X . X X . X . X . X]] After the 1959 Cuban Revolution rumba was declared the national dance of Cuba, and many...

Snow, Mark

Snow, Mark (26 Aug 1946)   Reference library

Nathan Platte

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
488 words

...music only], 1978–9 ; Skateboard, 1978 ; Hart to Hart, 1979–84 ; T.J. Hooker, 1982–6 ; Falcon Crest, 1986–8 ; The X-Files, 1993–2002 ; Nowhere Man, 1995–6 ; Millennium, 1996–9 ; 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea, 1997 ; The X-Files (feature film), 1998 ; Harsh Realm, 1999–2000 ; The Lone Gunmen, 2001 ; Smallville, 2001–7 ; Ghost Whisperer, 2005–10 ; White Irish Drinkers, 2010 Bibliography G. Rule : “A Day in the Life of the X-Files: Mark Snow,” Keyboard , xxii/3 (1996), 24–28, 33–46 G. Rule : Electro Shock! Groundbreakers of Synth Music (San...

Ward, Justine

Ward, Justine (7 Aug 1879)   Reference library

Richard R. Bunbury

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
277 words

...to the method's decline. Theodore Marier of St. Paul's Choir School in Cambridge, Massachusetts, began publishing new editions of her textbooks in 1976 . Bibliography G.M. Steinschulte : Die Ward-Bewegung: Studien zur Realizierung der Kirchenmusikreform Papst Pius X. in der erste Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts (Regensburg, Germany, 1979) P. Combe : Justine Ward and Solesmes (Washington, DC, 1987) R.R. Bunbury : Justine Ward and the Genesis of the Ward Method of Music Education (diss., U. of Massachusetts Amherst, 2001) A.A. Brown : Justine Ward: her Life,...

X

X   Reference library

Lukas Pearse

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
311 words

... . Punk rock group. It formed in Los Angeles in 1977 . Its original members included Exene Cervenka ( b Christine Cervenka , Chicago, IL , 1 Feb 1956 ; vocals), John Doe ( b John Nommensen Duchac , Decatur, IL , 25 Feb 1954 ; vocals, bass), Billy Zoom ( b Tyson Kindell , Savanna, IL , 20 Feb 1948 ; guitar), and D.J. Bonebrake ( b Donald J. Bonebrake , North Hollywood, CA , 8 Dec 1955 ; drums). Guitarist Tony Gilkyson ( b Hollywood, CA , 6 Aug 1952 ) replaced Billy Zoom in 1986 , with Zoom returning in the late 1990s for subsequent...

Stock, Frederick

Stock, Frederick (11 Nov 1872)   Reference library

Michael Steinberg

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
282 words

...he made do not justify the esteem in which he was held as an interpreter. Bibliography W.A. Holmes : “Frederick Stock,” Grand Baton , vi/2 (1969), 3–4b [with articles and discography by W.A. Holmes and J.L. Hurka] D.J. Epstein : “Frederick Stock and American Music,” AM , x/1 (1992), 20–52 Michael...

Durner, Charles F.

Durner, Charles F. (3 April 1838)   Reference library

Barbara Owen

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
273 words

...of the 20th century, Durner's work, which totaled about 150 organs, consisted mainly of mechanical action organs, eventually converting to electric action. Although the company continued into the 1930s, its later work was largely subcontracted to other builders such as Jacob Gerger and Paul Fritzsche , and the last Durner organ was installed in Liberty High School, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, in 1933 . Bibliography E.M. McCracken : “The Durners, C. F. and C. E.” The Tracker, viii/4 (1964) R.B. Whiting : “Charles F. Durner Organs,” The Tracker, x/1 (1965)...

Davis, Anthony

Davis, Anthony (20 Feb 1951)   Reference library

Mary Lou Humphrey and Jonas Westover

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,135 words

...). Davis's first opera, X: the Life and Times of Malcolm X , was developed at the American Music Theater Festival in Philadelphia and first performed in 1986 at the New York City Opera. Its stark and powerful libretto, by Thulani Davis , the composer's cousin, is based on a story by the composer's brother, Christopher Davis ; in a series of fast-moving vignettes, it sketches the galvanic life and career of the American black activist Malcolm X . Featuring a dark, atonal palette, complex rhythmic patterns, and poignant lyricism, X is stylistically typical...

Kaun, Bernhard Theodor Ludwig

Kaun, Bernhard Theodor Ludwig (5 April 1899)   Reference library

William Rosar

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
525 words

...he devoted himself to composing concert music. He returned to Germany in 1953 , where he conducted the Graunke Orchestra (Munich) until 1963 . Works (selective list) Film scores: Frankenstein, 1931 ; Heaven on Earth, 1931 ; Doctor X, 1932 ; I am a Fugitive of a Chain Gang, 1932 ; The Mystery of the Wax Museum, 1932 ; 20,000 Years at Sing Sing, 1932 ; A Farewell to Arms, 1933 , collab. W.F. Harling and others; Luxury Liner, 1933 ; Death Takes a Holiday, 1934 , collab. M. Roder and others; The Firebird, 1934 [after Stravinsky]; The Scarlet Empress,...

Smith, Jimmy

Smith, Jimmy (8 Dec 1925)   Reference library

Bill Dobbins

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
408 words

...for the Boss,” DB , xxxvii/20 (1970), 14–15 L. Birnbaum : “Jimmy Smith: Sermonizing in the ‘70s’,” DB , xliv/21 (1977), 22–3, 57 B. Doerschuk : “Jimmy Smith,” Contemporary Keyboard , iv/8 (1978), 26–32, 35–6 G. Giddins : “Return of the Organ Grinder,” Rhythm-a-ning: Jazz Tradition and Innovation in the ’80s (New York and Oxford, 1985), 166–8 D. Ouellette : “Jimmy Smith: the B-3 Messiah,” DB , lxii/1 (1995), 30 [discography] T. Dean-Lewis : “Treading the board: a pedal play—The artistry of Jimmy Smith in performance,” ARJS , x (1999), 195–219 Bill...

Lerman, Richard

Lerman, Richard (5 Dec 1944)   Reference library

Arthur J. Sabatini

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
469 words

...include fellowships from the NEA, the Guggenheim Foundation, and the Asian Cultural Council. Works ( selective list ) Sound Installations: Hand-Built Microphones, 1983–9; A Footnote from Chernobyl, 1987; Metal Mesh Pieces, 1987; News Filters, Pacific Transducer Series, 1988; 20 x 24 Polaroid Photographs, 1988; Los Desaparecidos (for Amnesty International), 1989–90, collab. M. Higuchi; Kristallnacht, 1991–8, collab. Higuchi; Threading History: the Japanese-American Experience, 1994–7, collab. Higuchi; Fences/Borders, 2004–7; Fences/Borders-USA/Mexico, dried...

Belwin-Mills

Belwin-Mills   Reference library

W. Thomas Marrocco, Mark Jacobs, R. Allen Lott, Leslie A. Troutman, and Jonas Westover

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
300 words

...name. The firm changed hands again in 2005 , when Alfred Music Publishing purchased the majority of Warner Bros. music publishing division. Bibliography M. Winkler : A Penny from Heaven (New York, 1951) M. Winkler : From A to X: Reminiscences (New York, 1957) R. Sanjek and D. Sanjek : American Popular Music Business in the 20th Century (New York, 1991) W. Thomas Marrocco , Mark Jacobs / R. Allen Lott , Leslie A. Troutman / Jonas...

Sims, Zoot

Sims, Zoot (29 Oct 1925)   Reference library

Barry Kernfeld

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
270 words

...of excellent recordings made in the 1970s. Bibliography B. Hodgkins : “Zoot,” Metronome , lxvi/12 (1950), 16 I. Gitler : “The Colorful World of Zoot Sims,” DB , xxviii/8 (1961), 20 A. Astrup : The John Haley Sims Discography (Lyngby, Denmark, 1980; suppl. 1983; suppl. 1990) D. Long : “Zoot Zims: Interview,” Cadence , ix/5 (1983), 5 B. Rusch : “Zoot Sims: Interview,” Cadence , x/11 (1984), 5; xi/1 (1985), 5 W. Balliett : “Zoot and Louise,” New Yorker , lxii (12 May 1986), 112–17 Barry Kernfeld...

Stone, Joseph

Stone, Joseph (20 March 1758)   Reference library

Nym Cooke

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
315 words

...[ E. Pond ]: Memoir of Joseph Stone, Esq. (Bangor, ME, 1838) A Historical Sketch of Auburn, Massachusetts (n.p., 1937) W.J.C. Eddy : Joseph Stone (1758–1837): an Early American Tunesmith (diss., U. of Oregon, 1987) K. Kroeger , ed.: Joseph Stone: the Collected Works , MNAN, x (New York and London, 1996) Nym...

White, Ernest

White, Ernest (20 June 1900)   Reference library

Vernon Gotwals

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
271 words

...ON , 20 June 1900 ; d Fairfield, CT , 21 Sept 1980 ). Organist of Canadian birth. A graduate of the University of Toronto ( 1924 ), he studied organ there with Healey Willan. In 1925 he went to New York to study with w. lynnwood Farnam (White had been a boy soprano at St Paul's Cathedral in London, Ontario, where Farnam was organist). He played at Flatbush Presbyterian Church in Brooklyn, then at St George's, Flushing. From 1927 to 1935 he was organist at St James's in Philadelphia. He taught at various times at Bard College, Pius X School of...

Reid, L.A.

Reid, L.A. (7 June 1956)   Reference library

Miles White

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
340 words

...acclaimed My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy ( 2010 ), among other multi-platinum album releases. In 2011 he left Island Def Jam to become chairman and CEO of Epic Records and spent two seasons as a judge on the American version of the reality television music competition The X Factor. Bibliography L. Ogunnaike : “And They Said He Couldn’t Run a Major Record Label,” New York Times (2 March 2003) Miles...

Rexford, E(ben) E(ugene)

Rexford, E(ben) E(ugene) (16 July 1848)   Reference library

Mel R. Wilhoit

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
273 words

...eventually topped three million in sales. It has been often recorded by a variety of artists ranging from John McCormack to country music stars. For more than 20 years Rexford served as organist at the Congregational Church of Shiocton, Wisconsin; he died in Green Bay of typhoid fever. In 1970 he was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame. Bibliography National Cyclopedia of American Biography , x (Clifton, NJ, 1909) J.H. Hall : Biography of Gospel Song and Hymn Writers (New York, 1914/ R 1971) Mel R....

Nirvana

Nirvana   Reference library

Ryan Moore

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
390 words

...and music video for “Smells Like Teen Spirit” gained extraordinary momentum and pushed the album to the top of the Billboard sales charts by early 1992 . Nirvana's success put Cobain in the spotlight as a spokesperson for the disaffected youths who had been labeled “Generation X.” Resentful of the corporate machinery that had turned them into mass-marketed commodities, Nirvana turned to the post-punk engineer Steve Albini to create a more confrontational sound for their next album, In Utero . Cobain maintained a hostile attitude to his fame, and meanwhile...

Gaynor

Gaynor (17 Feb 1863)   Reference library

Laurie Blunsom

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
327 words

...continued to compose children's music and publish teaching methods throughout her life. Bibliography Grove2, Amer. suppl. C. Adams : “A New Song Composer: Mrs. Gaynor,” Music , xi (Nov 1896 –April 1897), 154–8 S.R. Crothers : “Women Composers of America, 1–45.” Musical America , x/4–xi/22 (1909–10) D.G. Blake : “Genius of Jessie L. Gaynor,” Etude , li (1933), 447–8 A.I. Cohen : International Encyclopedia of Women Composers (New York, 2/1987) Laurie...

Hamilton, David

Hamilton, David (18 Jan 1935)   Reference library

Paula Morgan and Hannah Lewis

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
353 words

...concerned with 19th- and 20th-century music, and his broad knowledge of the recorded literature has led to a special interest in discography. Writings “Arnold Schoenberg: a Discography,” Perspectives on Schoenberg and Stravinsky , ed. B. Boretz and E.T. Cone (Princeton, NJ, 1968), 255–67 “A Synoptic View of the New Music,” HiFi/MusAm , xviii/9 (1968), 44–61 “The Recordings of Copland's Music,” HiFi/MusAm , xx/11 (1970), 64–72, 116 only “Igor Stravinsky: a Discography of the Composer's Performances,” PNM , ix/2–x/1 (1971), 163–79 The Listener's...

Hayes, Roland

Hayes, Roland (3 June 1887)   Reference library

Max de Schauensee and Karen M. Bryan

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
262 words

...posthumously into the Georgia Music Hall of Fame ( 1991 ), and the city of Calhoun, Georgia, has erected historic markers in his honor. He published arrangements of a number of spirituals as My Songs (Boston, 1948 ). Bibliography A.E. Knight : “Roland Hayes,” Record Collector , x (1955–6), 29–47; see also xii (1958–60), 116, 215 R. Hayden : Singing for All People: Roland Hayes, A Biography (Boston, 1989; R/1995) “Roland Hayes,” The New Georgia Encyclopedia , < http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org > Max de Schauensee / Karen M....

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