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Farès, Bishr

Farès, Bishr (20 Dec. 1906)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
376 words

...illustrées par les Arabes,” Mélanges Louis Massignon (Damascus, 1957), pp. 77–109 Vision chrétienne et signes musulmans, autour d’un manuscrit arabe illustré au XIIIe siècle (Cairo, 1961) Bibliography C. Vial : “ Hommage à Bichr Farès (1906–1963), ” Arabica , x (1963), pp. 113–20 P. Anawati , R. Ettinghausen and M. F. Gabrieli : “ In memoriam Bichr Farès, ” Mél. Inst. Dominicain Etud. Orient. Caire , viii (1964–6), pp. 499–506 Y. Moubarac : “ L’Oeuvre scientifique et littéraire de Bishr Farès (1906–1963), ” Rev. Etud. Islam. , xxxvi (1968),...

Badr al-Din Lu῾lu῾

Badr al-Din Lu῾lu῾ (1222 to 1259)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
407 words

...10; see Illustration , §IV, C) and to several volumes of a dispersed 20-volume copy of the Kitāb al-aghānī (“Book of songs”; 1218 ; Istanbul, U. Lib. and elsewhere). Enc. Islam/2 : Lu῾lu῾ M. van Berchem : “Monuments et inscriptions de l’atabek Lu῾lu῾ de Mossoul,” Orientalische Studien, Theodor Nöldeke zum siebzigsten Geburtstag gewidmet , ed. Carl Bezold (Gieszen, 1906), i, pp. 197–210 F. Sarre and E. Herzfeld : Archäologische Reise im Euphrat- und Tigris-Gebiet (Berlin, 1911–20), ii, pp. 212–41 D. S. Rice : “ The Brasses of Badr al-Din Lu῾lu῾, ” ...

Tripoli (i)

Tripoli (i)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
412 words

...Old City: Monument Survey: Mosques and Madrasas: A Source‑ book of Maps and Architectural Drawings (Beirut, 1994) H. a. Assaf : “ Des vestiges paléo-ottomans de Tripoli, la Tekiyah al-Mawlawiyya, ” Aram Periodical , ix–x (1997), pp. 497–524 O. A. S. Tadmori : “ The Plans of Tripoli al-Sham and its Mamluk Architecture, ” Aram Periodical , ix–x (1997), pp. 471–95 B. Major : “Burğ ῾Arab—A Crusader Tower in the County of Tripoli: A Preliminary Report after the First Survey,” Essays in Honour of Alexander Fodor on his Sixtieth Birthday , ed. K. Dévényi and T....

Bahrami, Mehdi

Bahrami, Mehdi (b. 1905)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
298 words

...Congress of Orientalists in Paris; in the following year, on the occasion of the Shah’s state visit to the USA, he brought an exhibition of Iranian art to New York (Met.) and Boston (Mus. F.A.). Writings “ Le problème des ateliers d’étoiles de faïence lustrée, ” Rev. A. Asiat. , x/4 (1936), pp. 180–91 Recherches sur les carreaux de revêtement lustré dans la céramique persane du XIIIe au XVe siècles (étoiles et croix) (Paris, 1937) “ A Master-Potter of Kashan, ” Trans. Orient. Cer. Soc. , xx (1944), pp. 35–40 “ Contribution à l’étude de la céramique...

Levni

Levni (d.1732)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
632 words

...and women in an album ( c. 1710–20 ; Istanbul, Topkapı Pal. Lib., H. 2164) and a portrait of a lady ( c. 1710–20 ; Paris, Bib. N., MS. arabe 6076, fol. 56 r ). Several other copies of the Silsilanāma and single-figure paintings incorporated into albums are attributed to his studio. Enc. Islam/2 : “Lewnī” A. S. Ünver : Ressam Levnī: Hayatı ve eserleri [The painter Levni: his life and works] (Istanbul, 1939) A. S. Ünver : Levnī (Istanbul, 1957) E. Atıl : “ The Story of an Eighteenth-century Ottoman Festival, ” Muqarnas , x (1993), pp. 181–200 G. İrepoğlu :...

Rashid al-Din

Rashid al-Din (1247)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
831 words

...manuscript production in the 1320s under his son Ghiyath al-Din. Enc. Islam/2 : “Rashid al-Din Tabib” Cent. Asiat. J ., xiv (1970) [whole issue] G. Inal : “Artistic Relationship between the Far and the Near East as Reflected in the Miniatures of the Ğāmi῾at-tawārīh,” Kst Orients , x (1975), pp. 108–43 D. T. Rice : The Illustrations to the “World History” of Rashīd al-Dīn (Edinburgh, 1976) B. Gray : The World History of Rashīd al-Dīn: A Study of the Royal Asiatic Society Manuscript (London, 1978) B. W. Robinson : “Rashīd al-Dīn’s World History: The...

Mirak

Mirak (c.1468–1507)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
438 words

...ed. W. M. Thackston in A Century of Princes: Sources on Timurid History and Art (Cambridge, MA, 1989), pp. 101–236 (225) Mīrzā Muḥammad Ḥaydar Dughlāt: Tārīkh-i Rashīdī [Rashidian history] (1541–7); extract ed. M. Shafi῾ as “Iqtibās az Tārīkh-i Rashīdī,” Orient. Coll. Mag., x/3 (1934), pp. 150–72 (167); Eng. trans., abridged, ed. W. M. Thackston in A Century of Princes: Sources on Timurid History and Art (Cambridge, MA, 1989), pp. 357–62 (362) Dust Muhammad : Preface to the Bahram Mirza Album (1544); ed. and Eng. trans. by W. M. Thackston in Album...

angels and archangels

angels and archangels   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
673 words

...attributed to G. A. Guardi, telling the whole story of Tobias. Because of this connection the idea of an angel—an angelo custodes —accompanying everyone, or at least every believer, became popular, especially in the 16th/17th centuries, and was made a universal feast by Clement X in 1670 . Representations are very similar to Raphael and Tobias except for the fish, and the human soul for which the angel cares is often a much younger child, as in the painted statue by Ignaz Günther ( 1763 : Munich, Bürgersaal). Many paintings of the subject exist, e.g....

Ghazna

Ghazna   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
878 words

...In the 20th century, however, it regained some importance as an administrative center and provincial capital. Enc. Islam/2 S. Flury : “ Das Schriftband an der Türe des Mahmud von Ghazna, 998–1030, ” Der Islam , viii (1918), pp. 214–27 S. Flury : “ Le Décor épigraphique des monuments de Ghazna, ” Syria , vi (1925), pp. 61–90 J. Sourdel-Thomine : “ Deux Minarets d’époque seljoukide en Afghanistan, ” Syria , xxx (1953), pp. 108–21 A. Bombaci and U. Scerrato : “ Summary Report on the Italian Archaeological Mission in Afghanistan, ” E. & W., n. s. , x (1959),...

Portrait

Portrait   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
902 words

...and the Italian Portrait Medal,” Italian Medals , ed. G. Pollard , Stud. Hist. A (Washington, DC, 1987), pp. 171–94 E. R. Hoffman : “ The Author's Portrait in Thirteenth-century Arabic Manuscripts: A New Islamic Context for a Late Antique Tradition, ” Muqarnas , x (1993), pp. 6–20 T. Fitzherbert : “Portrait of a Lost Leader: Jalal al-Din Kharazmshah and Juvaini,” The Court of the Il-khans 1290–1340 , ed. J. Raby and T. Fitzherbert (Oxford, 1996), pp. 63–77 L. Diva : “ Invested with Life: Wall Painting and Imagery Before the Qajars, ” Iran....

Oman, Sultanate of

Oman, Sultanate of   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
1,608 words

...1997) S. S. Damluji : The Architecture of Oman (Reading, 1998) S. Bandyopadhyay : “ Deserted and Disregarded: The Architecture of Bilad Manh in Central Oman, ” Archéol. Islam. , x (2000), pp. 131–68 D. Willems : “ Les mosquées anciennes dans l’Emirat de Fujaïrah: Un maillon entre les côtes méridionales de Golfe arabo-persique et le Sultanat d’Oman?, ” Archéol. Islam. , x (2000), pp. 169–94 P. M. Costa : Historic Mosques and Shrines of Oman (Oxford, 2001) P. M. Costa : “The Palm-frond House of the Baṭinah,” Patterns of Everyday Life , ed. D. Waines ,...

Egypt

Egypt   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
5,870 words
Illustration(s):
4

...of Tradition: Neo-Islamic Architecture in Cairo,” Akten des XXVIII. internationalen Kongresses für Kunstgeschichte : Berlin, 1992, pp. 425–36 K. Asfour : “ The Domestication of Knowledge: Cairo at the Turn of the Century, ” Muqarnas , x (1993), pp. 125–37 M. al-Asad : “ The Mosque of al-Rifa῾i in Cairo, ” Muqarnas , x (1993), pp. 108–24 T. M. R. Sakr : Early Twentieth-century Islamic Architecture in Cairo (Cairo, 1993) N. Warner : An Egyptian Panorama: Portraits from the 19th century British Press (Cairo, 1994) I. Bierman : Urban Memory and the...

Qatar, State of

Qatar, State of   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
1,180 words

...buildings and to create an architecture that reflected Qatari heritage began to grow, especially among Qatari architects. Some buildings have been restored, such as the House of Muhammad Nasrullah (early 20th century), which has a wind-tower, and the Qatar National Museum, also in Doha (opened 1975 ), which is housed in the palace occupied in the early 20th century by the ruler of Qatar. The central majlis was built in 1918 by the Bahraini architect ῾Abdullah ibn ῾Ali al-Mail . The Amiri palace, rebuilt in 1975 (architects: Michael Rice & Co.) as the...

Armenia

Armenia   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
1,423 words

...and people to various regions of the Islamic lands. The local tradition of stone sculpture used to decorate the façades of churches and other buildings in Armenia, for example, was probably the source for the figural sculpture on buildings in eastern Turkey ( see Architecture , §X, A, 2). Armenian painters who trained at monasteries like Gladzor at the turn of the 14th century also worked in the Ilkhanid cities of Tiflis, Tabriz and Sultaniyya. In order to control the silk trade, in 1604 the Safavid shah ῾Abbas I ordered several thousand Armenian families...

Herzfeld, Ernst

Herzfeld, Ernst (23 July 1879)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
904 words

..., 4 vols. (Berlin, 1911–20) Erster vorläufiger Bericht über die Ausgrabungen von Samarra (Berlin, 1912) Der Wandschmuck der Bauten von Samarra und seine Ornamentik (Berlin, 1923), i of Die Ausgrabungen von Samarra (1923–48) Die Malereien von Samarra (Berlin, 1927), ii of Die Ausgrabungen von Samarra (1923–48) Archaeological History of Iran (London, 1935) [Schweich Lectures of 1934] Iran in the Ancient East (London and New York, 1941) “ Damascus: Studies in Architecture, I–IV, ” A. Islam. , ix (1942), pp. 1–53; x (1943), pp. 13–70; xi–xii (1946),...

Mosul

Mosul   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
713 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Iraq Mus.; see Woodwork , §I, A, 2 ). Diosocurides with a Pupil holding a Mandrake by Yusuf al- Mawsili, 192x140 mm; illustration from an Arabic translation of Dioscurides: De materia medica , from Mosul, 1228 (Istanbul, Topkapi Palace Museum, MS. Ahmet III 2127, fol. 2b); photo credit: Werner Formen/Art Source, NY Enc. Islam/2 : “Mawṣil” F. Sarre and E. Herzfeld : Archäologische Reise im Euphrat- und Tigris-Gebiet , 4 vols. (Berlin, 1911–20), ii, pp. 203–305 S. al-Daywahji [Dewachi]: “ Jāmi῾ al-nabī Jurjīs fī῾l-Mawṣil ” [The mosque of Nabi Jurjis in...

Nishapur

Nishapur   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
827 words

...and jinn associated with Central and East Asia. The highly developed muqarnas vaults are painted with vases and floral motifs ( see Architecture , §V, A, 1 ). A bathhouse was splendidly painted with a hunting scene depicting many animals, birds and people ( see Architecture , §X, C, 2 ). Multitudes of painted and glazed terracotta fragments of inscriptions were found, as well as 17 different terracotta and glazed shapes used in large brickwork panels. Other new features include inscribed window-frames and molded string courses, both in stucco. The...

Rayy

Rayy   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
712 words

...) stood further east on the plain, and there are two groups of ruined tomb towers at the edge of the Bibi Shahr Banu mountain range at Aminabad and the Naqqara Khana outcrop. Several fragments of wall paintings with figures were allegedly discovered at Rayy ( see Architecture , §X, C, 1 ). The city was a famous center for silk production, and excavations in the 1920s uncovered fragments of spectacular silk textiles that have been attributed to the Buyid ( r. 932–1062 ) and Saljuq periods. Many other textiles, including large palls and tomb covers woven in a...

Wiet, Gaston

Wiet, Gaston (18 Dec. 1887)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
812 words

...Objets en cuivre , Cairo, Mus. Islam. A. cat. (Cairo, 1932/ R 1984) with L. Hautecoeur : Les Mosquées du Caire , 2 vols. (Paris, 1932) L’Exposition persane de 1931 (Cairo, 1933) Exposition d’art persan (Cairo, 1935) Les Stèles funéraires , Cairo, Mus. Islam. A. cat., ii, iv–x (Cairo, 1936–42) Miniatures persanes, turques et indiennes: Collection de son excellence Chérif Sabry Pacha (Cairo, 1943) Soieries persanes (Cairo, 1947) Mohammed Ali et les beaux-arts (Cairo, 1949), pp. 265–88 Journal d’un bourgeois du Caire; chronique d’Ibu Iyâs (Paris,...

Raphael

Raphael (1483–1520)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
840 words

... ( 1507 : Paris, Louvre), where the psychological rapport between the Madonna and the two Holy Children is achieved by the device of the look which is exchanged between them. In 1509 he moved to Rome, where his great career began, to work for two popes, Julius II and Leo X , in the series of rooms in the Vatican known as the Stanze ( 1509–14 ). They contain, besides the secular subjects such as the great celebration of pagan philosophy in the School of Athens , the Disputa , or Discussion on the Holy Sacrament, in the first room, and in the second...

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