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Elderly

Elderly   Reference library

Peter S. Perry

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Ethics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy
Length:
2,832 words

...drunk and dishonorable after his first grape crop fermented ( Gen 9:20–29 ). Abraham and Sarah believed God’s promise of land, descendants, and blessing to all the families of the earth and it was reckoned to them as righteousness ( Gen 15:6 ), but Abraham lied about Sarah ( Gen 12:10–20 ; 20:1–2 ) and Sarah laughed at the messenger who announced the promise ( Gen 18:12 ). In the New Testament, Zechariah and Elizabeth are examples of faith (positive and negative, Luke 1:7 , 18 , 20 ). Simeon was righteous and devout ( Luke 2:25 ) and Anna prayed in...

Peace

Peace   Reference library

Willard M. Swartley

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Ethics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy
Length:
6,009 words
Illustration(s):
2

...this epistle. Because of God’s victory in Christ over the powers and the reconciliation of formerly alienated parties through the cross of Jesus Christ ( Rom 5:1–10 ; Eph 2:14–18 [4x]; Col 1:20 , with cosmic dimension), believers incarnate peaceable living in response to God’s gift of peace. Reconciliation complements peacemaking ( Rom 5:1–10 ; 2 Cor 5:17–20 ). The Holy Spirit testifying to and continuing God’s peace established through Jesus Christ manifests God’s reign ( Rom 14:17 ) and peace is a fruit of the Spirit ( Gal 5:22 ). Setting...

Thessalonian Correspondence

Thessalonian Correspondence   Reference library

Jeffrey A. D. Weima

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Ethics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy
Length:
2,640 words

...what is good ( 5:15 ), and more. What needs to be recognized is that these exhortations are rooted in Paul’s desire that holiness characterize all aspects of his readers’ lives. This explains his seven-fold use of the adjective “all” in these final exhortations ( 5:14 , 15[2x] , 16 , 18 , 21 , 22 ), thereby stressing the comprehensive nature of living a holy life. The letter closing ( 5:23–28 ) skillfully echoes the theme of right moral conduct raised throughout the letter. Instead of ending with the simple and expected formula, “May the God of peace...

Kings

Kings   Reference library

Marvin A. Sweeney

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Ethics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy
Length:
6,412 words

... II. Regnal Account of Solomon ben David 2:12—14:20 III. Regnal Account of Rehoboam ben Solomon of Judah 14:21–31 IV. Regnal Account of Abijam ben Rehoboam of Judah 15:1–8 V. Regnal Account of Asa ben Abijam of Judah 15:9–24 VI. Regnal Account of Nadab ben Jeroboam of Israel 15:25–32 VII. Regnal Account of Baasha ben Abijah of Israel 15:33—16:7 VIII. Regnal Account of Elah ben Baasha of Israel 16:8–14 IX. Regnal Account of Zimri of Israel 16:15–22 X. Regnal Account of Omri of Israel 16:23–28 XI. Regnal...

Free Will and Determinism

Free Will and Determinism   Reference library

Thomas Söding

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Ethics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy
Length:
3,132 words

...including the responsibility for the consequences of deeds and thoughts ( Eth. nic . III, esp. 3 1111 a 21–1111b 3) while Plato stresses the independence from affects, practical competences, and circumstances ( Theaet . 175 d–e), concentrated on himself, i.e., his soul ( Resp . X 616b–621b). The most elaborated concept of freedom in Ancient times is Stoicism. Epictetus notes in his Discourses : “He is free who lives as he wills who is subject neither to compulsion nor hindrance, nor force, whose choices are umhampered, whose desires attain their end, whose...

Ibn Qurra, Thabit

Ibn Qurra, Thabit (211–88)   Reference library

The Biographical Encyclopaedia of Islamic Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy, Religion
Length:
2,863 words

...and trisections. He furthermore advanced a geometrical generalization of the ‘arbitrary triangle theorem’ of Pythagoras of Samos. For instance, he showed that: if we construct AX and AY from the vertex A of an arbitrary triangle ABC , that intersect with BC at points X and Y , then: ‘if angles ∠ AXB = ∠ AYC = ∠ BAC , then: ∠ AXB = ∠ AYC = 90°’. Another of Thabit's noted break-throughs in mathematics was attested in the lemmas of his number-theory as advanced in the ten propositions of his Maqala fi istikhraj al-‘adad al-muta-habba ...

Amos

Amos   Reference library

Jörg Jeremias

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Ethics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy
Length:
4,513 words

...the nations and the words against Israel are introduced by a so-called graded numerical sequence announcing three transgressions in the first part of the parallelism and four transgressions in the second part (a stylistic figure often found in wisdom sayings and stressing the x + 1 member). Yet in spite of this announcement only one transgression of the nations is named, while in the case of Israel readers find all four members as they expect. (2) The formulaic introduction of all oracles culminates in God’s statement that because of the guilt of the...

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