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X-Phile

X-Phile  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A fan of the television series The X-Files. 1994 TV Guide (Jan. 15) 20/1 They—the X-ophiles, the growing cult audience for The X-Files—provided Fox with its best ever ratings for ...
Spike Lee

Spike Lee  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(b. 1957), film director, writer, and actor.Shelton Jackson “Spike” Lee grew up in Brooklyn and earned degrees at Morehouse College (1979) and New York University (1983) before embarking on a career ...
Arviragus

Arviragus  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The younger son of Cymbeline, in Shakespeare's play of that name. In Spenser's Faerie Queene (ii. x. 51), Arviragus is Cymbeline's brother.
Alex Haley

Alex Haley  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1921–),born in Ithaca, N.Y., after service with the coast guard (1939–59), in which he was a journalist, became the aid or ghost writer of The Autobiography of Malcolm X (1965). Then, intrigued by a ...
Lorenzo de' Medici

Lorenzo de' Medici  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1449–92)Aged 20 he became joint ruler of Florence with his brother Giuliano. In 1478 the brothers were the targets of a plot organized by the rival Pazzi family and the pope: Giuliano was killed but ...
William Boyd

William Boyd  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1952– ),novelist, born in Accra, Ghana, and educated at the universities of Nice and Glasgow and at Jesus College, Oxford. He was a lecturer in English at St Hilda's College, Oxford (1980–83). A ...
Ishmael Reed

Ishmael Reed  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1938–),Chattanooga-born black author, long resident in Berkeley, Cal. His experimental novels of preposterous plots marked by fantasy, sometimes surrealistic, sometimes caricatured and satiric, ...
June Jordan

June Jordan  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1936–2002),born in Harlem, is a poet, novelist, essayist, and writer of children's books. Best known as a poet, she expresses black consciousness and the effects of everyday racism, but ...
autobiography

autobiography  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
In its modern form, may be taken as writing that purposefully and self‐consciously provides an account of the author's life and incorporates feeling and introspection as well as empirical detail. In ...
Guerrillas

Guerrillas  

A novel by V. S. Naipaul, published in 1976, based on a murder case involving Michael X which the author reported for the Sunday Times Magazine in May 1974 (his ...
Pierre Haultin

Pierre Haultin  

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Overview Page
 (c.1510×20–1587) French printer and punchcutter.He published Protestant Bibles and devotional works at Paris and La Rochelle, and cut romans heavier, narrower, and with a larger x-height than those ...
alliterative verse

alliterative verse  

The native Germanic tradition of English poetry and the standard form in Old English up to the 11th cent., recurring in Middle English as a formal alternative to the syllable‐counting, rhymed verse ...
alliterative verse

alliterative verse   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
194 words

...e.g. XXX Nāp nihtscūa, norþan snīwde ( The Seafarer , 31: The shade of night grew dark, it snowed from the north.) In Middle English, the alliterative rules were much less strict, although the alliteration was often very dense: ‘I have lyved in londe’, quod I, ‘My name is Longe Wille’. ( Piers Plowman B XV. 152) Nothing after Middle English could categorically be said to be ‘alliterative verse’, despite its recurrent use as a device throughout English poetry, except perhaps for the rather self‐conscious revival of the form in the 20th century by...

alliterative verse

alliterative verse   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
204 words

...unrhymed, and made up of two distinct half‐lines each of which contained two stressed syllables. The alliteration was always on the first stress of the second half‐line, which alliterated with either, or both, of the stresses in the first half‐line; e.g. X X X Nāp nihtscūa, norþan snīwde ( The Seafarer , 31: The shade of night grew dark, it snowed from the north.) In Middle English, even among the poets of the Revival, the alliterative rules were much less strict, although the alliteration was often very dense: ‘I have...

Aquinas, St Thomas

Aquinas, St Thomas (1224–1274)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
152 words

...into Latin under his aegis. He was later called ‘Doctor Angelicus’. His followers (Thomists) have been an active school in contemporary philosophy, particularly in France. He is a fundamental influence on Dante 's Divina commedia (see Paradiso , X–XIII). See B. Davies , Aquinas (2002) ; Summa , trans. in 20 vols (1911–25), by Fathers of the Dominican...

Modernism

Modernism   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Italian Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
217 words

...modernist movement, represented the opposite response, embracing the modern world and applauding the aesthetic innovations which developing technology allowed. [ See also Gruppo 63 .] The term modernismo is also used of the Catholic reform movement of the early 20th c., condemned by Pius X . [ Derek Duncan...

Boyd, William

Boyd, William (1952–)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
280 words

...in late 20th‐century London of a Romany‐born loss adjuster with sleeping difficulties. Any Human Heart ( 2002 ) provides a history of the 20th century through the journals of Logan Mountstuart while the complex and fast‐moving plot of Restless ( 2006 ) focuses, through the narratives of a mother and daughter, on the role of spies and betrayal in the Second World War. Boyd has written television screenplays, two of which, Good and Bad at Games and Dutch Girls , were published together as School Ties ( 1985 ). The Destiny of Nathalie ‘X’ ( 1995 )...

Cummings, E[dward] E[stlin]

Cummings, E[dward] E[stlin] (1894–1962)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Literature (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Literature
Length:
380 words

...division of words, all of which became integral to the ideas and rhythms of his relatively brief lyrics. These he continued to write with subtlety of technique and sensitivity of feeling and to publish in ViVa ( 1931 ), No Thanks ( 1935 ), I/20 ( 1936 ), Collected Poems ( 1938 ), 50 Poems ( 1940 ), I x I ( 1944 ), Xαîρϵ ( 1950 ), Poems: 1923–1954 ( 1954 ), 95 Poems ( 1958 ), and the posthumously collected 73 Poems ( 1963 ). His other works are him ( 1927 ), an expressionist drama in verse and prose, with kaleidoscopic scenes dashing from...

Burgess, Anthony

Burgess, Anthony (1917–93)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
322 words

...inspired poet ( Inside Mr Enderby , 1963 , under the pseudonym ‘Joseph Kell’; Enderby Outside , 1968 ; The Clockwork Testament , 1974 ; and Enderby's Dark Lady , 1984 ) (which resurrected F. X. Enderby by popular request). Earthly Powers ( 1980 ) is a long, ambitious novel which combines real and fictitious characters to produce a panorama of the 20th century; The Kingdom of the Wicked ( 1985 ) is about early Christianity, and Any Old Iron ( 1989 ), a debunking of myths about military glory and racial purity. Burgess also published novels about...

Burgess, Anthony

Burgess, Anthony (1917–93)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
405 words

...( Inside Mr Enderby , 1963 , under the pseudonym ‘Joseph Kell’; Enderby Outside , 1968 ; The Clockwork Testament , 1974 ; and Enderby's Dark Lady , 1984 ), (which resurrected F. X. Enderby by popular request). Earthly Powers ( 1980 ), a long, ambitious novel narrated by an octogenarian writer, combines real and fictitious characters to produce a panorama of the 20th century. Among many other novels exhibiting Burgess's characteristic mix of the earthy and abstruse, bodily gusto, and relish for the recondite are The Kingdom of the Wicked ( 1985 ),...

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