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Public Opinion Toward LGBT People and Rights in Latin America and the Caribbean

Public Opinion Toward LGBT People and Rights in Latin America and the Caribbean   Reference library

Enrique Chaux, Manuela León, Lina Cuellar, and Juliana Martínez

The Oxford Encyclopedia of LGBT Politics and Policy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
10,967 words
Illustration(s):
4

...R2 Antigua & Barbuda –0.01 0.21 *** 0.13 *** 0.07 * 0.08 * –0.18 *** –0.04 –0.06 –0.08 –0.01 0.01 0.105 Argentina –0.14 *** 0.13 *** 0.20 *** 0.04 0.15 *** –0.20 *** 0.00 –0.03 –0.17 *** –0.04 0.02 0.251 Bolivia –0.15 *** 0.12 *** 0.05 0.03 0.07 ** –0.15 *** 0.07 –0.04 –0.11 ** 0.02 0.03 0.106 Brazil –0.18 *** 0.20 *** 0.12 *** 0.03 0.09 *** –0.17 *** –0.05 –0.16 *** –0.26 *** –0.08 * –0.02 0.190 Chile –0.19 *** 0.12 *** 0.12 *** 0.03 0.11 *** –0.23 *** 0.13 * –0.10 *** –0.10 * 0.03 0.04 0.255 Colombia –0.14 *** 0.14 *** 0.11 *** 0.10 *** 0.12 *** –0.20 *** 0...

Queer International Relations

Queer International Relations   Reference library

Melanie Richter-Montpetit and Cynthia Weber

The Oxford Encyclopedia of LGBT Politics and Policy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
12,820 words

... Weber, C. (1994a). Something’s missing: Male hysteria and the U.S. invasion of Panama—ProQuest. Gender Journal , 19 , 171–187. http://search.proquest.com/openview/bd0d4db038b9d3e2e4e4d12ecd527d4b/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=27201 Weber, C. (1994b). Shoring up a sea of signs: How the Caribbean basin initiative framed the US invasion of Grenada . Environment and Planning D: Society and Space , 12 (5), 547–558. Weber, C. (1998a). Performative states . Millennium—Journal of International Studies , 27 (1), 77–95. Weber, C. (1998b)....

Trust and Social Relations in African Politics

Trust and Social Relations in African Politics   Reference library

Dominic Burbidge

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
10,431 words
Illustration(s):
3

...Index (Range: 0 to 1) Burundi 8.20 483 0.530 Malawi 7.93 777 0.334 Mali 7.80 1,047 0.558 Burkina Faso 7.23 1,304 0.535 Tanzania 7.23 1,380 0.332 Mauritius 6.23 13,487 – Namibia 6.13 6,520 0.187 Mozambique 6.10 882 0.512 Kenya 5.97 1,522 0.229 Zimbabwe 5.73 – 0.172 Uganda 5.70 1,165 0.367 Algeria 5.60 7,339 – Zambia 5.40 1,475 0.328 Sierra Leone 5.37 1,171 0.439 South Africa 5.30 9,860 0.057 Cape Verde 5.23 3,818 – Ghana 5.17 1,764 0.144 Benin 4.80 1,364 0.412 Lesotho 4.50 1,692 0.156 Liberia 4.50 564 0.485 Togo 4.50 906 0.284 Nigeria 4.00 2,294 0.310 Botswana...

The Western Balkans and the European Union

The Western Balkans and the European Union   Reference library

Gentian Elezi

The Oxford Encyclopedia of European Union Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
7,601 words

...Table 2. Democratic Consolidation Indicators of Western Balkan Countries (Score Change, 2009–2018) Albania Bosnia and Herzegovina Kosovo North Macedonia Montenegro Serbia WB Average National Governance − 0.25 − 1 − 0.25 − 0.75 − 0.25 − 0.5 − 0.5 Electoral Process + 0.25 − 0.25 00.5 − 0.25 − 0.25 − 0.16 Independent Media − 0.5 − 0.5 + 0.5 − 0.75 − 0.75 − 1 − 0.5 Judicial Independence − 0.5 − 0.5 + 0.25 − 0.75 + 0.25 00.25 Corruption − 0.25 − 0.75 00.5 + 0.25 + 0.25 − 0.16 Democracy Score − 0.29 − 0.43 + 0.21 − 0.5 − 0.14 − 0.17 − 0.22 Source...

Social Media Lessons on the Nature of Political Decision Making

Social Media Lessons on the Nature of Political Decision Making   Reference library

Douglas R.Pierce

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Political Decision Making

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
14,419 words

...media use. Journal of Communication , 59 (1), 19–39. Jennings, M. K. , Stoker, L. , & Bowers, J. (2009). Politics across generations: Family transmission reexamined. Journal of Politics , 71 (3), 782–799. John, N. A. (2013). Sharing and web 2.0: The emergence of a keyword. New Media & Society , 15 (2), 167–182. Jost, J. T. (2006). The end of the end of ideology. American Psychologist , 61 (7), 651. Jost, J. T. , Glaser, J. , Kruglanski, A. W. , & Sulloway, F. J. (2003). Political conservatism as motivated social cognition. Psychological...

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the European Union

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the European Union   Reference library

James Sperling and Mark Webber

The Oxford Encyclopedia of European Union Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
14,029 words

...NATO member states accounted for approximately 18,000), while the EU conducted 12 civilian and military operations with over 6,800 personnel deployed. Table 2. Geographical Distribution of EU and NATO Operations European Union NATO Africa 19 6 Eastern 4 5 Central 9 0 Northern 2 1 Western 4 0 Americas 0 2 North 0 1 Caribbean 0 1 Europe 8 22 Eastern 2 1 Northern 0 1 Southern 6 20 Asia 2 4 Southeastern 1 0 Southern 1 4 This overview of EU and NATO operations reveals that in practice these institutions have settled upon a default division of labor that not only...

Epistemic Communities

Epistemic Communities   Reference library

Peter M. Haas

The Oxford Companion to International Relations

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
3,846 words
Illustration(s):
4

..., the Google Scholar Internet search engine listed 3,305 citations and the Web of Science website listed 725 references to the introduction of the 1992 IO publication. Figures 1 and 2 show the growth over time of references to epistemic communities in ISI Web of Knowledge tracked journals. By country, citations were overwhelmingly in English-language journals (95 percent), with 2 percent in German, 1 percent in French, 1 percent in Norwegian, and between 0.4 percent and 0.3 percent in Spanish and Portuguese (see Figure 3 ). Disciplinary interest...

Q Methodology in Research on Political Decision Making

Q Methodology in Research on Political Decision Making   Reference library

Steven R. Brown

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Political Decision Making

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
10,543 words

...the other three groups (scores to the left for factors A+, B, C, and A–, respectively): –4 02 +4 (6) Amend the ESA to more clearly address species management after recovery goals have been met. –3 0 +1 +4 (7) Place more trust in local people and in what local knowledge can offer. –4 –2 –4 +4 (11) Allow local residents more control over problem carnivores. +2 +2 0 –4 (30) Buy critical pieces of private property for carnivore conservation. Participants 6 and 7 ( Table 2 ), who define factor A–, are ranchers and therefore anxious to emphasize local (as opposed...

Social Identity in Decisions to Protest

Social Identity in Decisions to Protest   Reference library

Bert Klandermans and Jacquelien van Stekelenburg

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Political Decision Making

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
7,526 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Preparedness Galicia Netherlands 1993/1994 1995-1 1995-2 1993/1994 1995-1 1995-2 Action participation 37.3% 1 2.8% 2 2.0% 2 86.8% 1 11.4% 2 7.4% 2 Action preparedness 3 2.59 2.41 2.50 2.84 2.75 2.80 Identification with farmers 4 1.77 — 1.66 1.95 — 1.94 Participation in farmers’ organization 5 0.19 0 .17 0.19 1.11 1.08 1.04 1 Participation in the past. 2 Participation since the previous interview. 3 On a scale from 1 to 5. 4 1 = no identification, 2 = identification. 5 0 = not member, 1 = member, 2 = active member. Dutch farmers identify more with other...

Prospect Theory and Political Decision Making

Prospect Theory and Political Decision Making   Reference library

Ferdinand M. Vieider and Barbara Vis

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Political Decision Making

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
10,218 words
Illustration(s):
2

...Review , 10 (2), 239–265. Farnham, B. (1992). Roosevelt and the Munich crisis: Insights from prospect theory. Political Psychology , 13 (2), 205–235. Fehr-Duda, H. , Bruhin, A. , Epper, T. F. , & Schubert, R. (2010). Rationality on the rise: Why relative risk aversion increases with stake size. Journal of Risk and Uncertainty , 40 (2), 147–180. Fox, C. R. , & Hadar, L. (2006). “Decisions from experience” Sampling error + prospect theory: Reconsidering Hertwig, Barron, Weber & Erev (2004). Judgment and Decision Making , 1 (2), 159–161. Friedman...

Belgium

Belgium   Reference library

Mike Beke

The Oxford Companion to International Relations

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,554 words

...votes, which allowed voters to rank their votes, increased significantly when politicians started using mass media to reach the public in the larger constituencies (Fiers, 169–211). Civil Service. It is not surprising that the Belgium's civil service is a complicated web of federal and regional institutions. Several attempts on all governmental levels have been made to decrease the complexity of the system and the amount of civil servants, and to cut red tape. The reforms have met political and administrative support and opposition. The long-term...

Populism and Euroskepticism in the European Union

Populism and Euroskepticism in the European Union   Reference library

Matthijs Rooduijn and Stijn van Kessel

The Oxford Encyclopedia of European Union Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
9,882 words
Illustration(s):
1

...( r = –0.72 regarding anti-elite salience and r = –0.53 concerning the choice between “the people” versus elected representatives). Although neither of these variables fully captures the concept of populism—given that they measure two of its constitutive attributes separately—they suggest that there is a strong correlation between populism and Euroskepticism in practice. Figure 1. Euroskepticism (1 = strongly in favor of European integration; 7 = strongly opposed) and the salience/importance of antiestablishment and antielite rhetoric (0 = not...

Attitudes Toward Homosexuality and LGBT People: Causal Attributions for Sexual Orientation

Attitudes Toward Homosexuality and LGBT People: Causal Attributions for Sexual Orientation   Reference library

Peter Hegarty

The Oxford Encyclopedia of LGBT Politics and Policy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
9,650 words

...S. E. (2003). Intersex and identity: The contested self . New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press. Riggs, D. W. , Webber, K. , & Fell, G. R. (2012). Australian undergraduate psychology students’ attitudes towards trans people. Gay and Lesbian Issues and Psychology Review, 8 (1), 52–62. Sakalli, N. (2000). Application of the attribution-value model of prejudice to homosexuality. The Journal of Social Psychology, 142 (2), 264–271. Schmalz, J. (1993, March 5). Poll finds an even split on homosexuality’s cause. The New York Times , p. A14. Sedgwick...

Cohesion Policy and European Union Politics

Cohesion Policy and European Union Politics   Reference library

Simona Piattoni and Laura Polverari

The Oxford Encyclopedia of European Union Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
14,086 words

...implications. Journal of Economic Geography , 19 , 273–298. Kalaydzhieva, Z. (2018). The European Court of Auditors’ Audits of 2007–2013 cohesion policy. What were the main issues identified? European Structural and Investment Funds Journal (EStIF) , 2 , 186–194. Karakatsanis, G. , & Weber, M. (2016) The European Court of Auditors and cohesion policy. In S. Piattoni & L. Polverari (Eds.), Handbook on cohesion policy in the EU pp. 170–185). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. Keating, M. , Loughlin, J. , & Deschouwer, K. (2003). Culture, institutions...

The Search for Real-World Media Effects on Political Decision Making

The Search for Real-World Media Effects on Political Decision Making   Reference library

Thomas J. Leeper

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Political Decision Making

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
10,903 words
Illustration(s):
2

...equally valid objectives of social science—that is, to describe and to explain . Yet the changing media landscapes that have characterized the period from the 1980s (with the advent of cable television) through the 1990s (with the arrival of the Web) through to the 2000s (with the emergence of web 2.0 technologies and social media) are a period more in demand of thick description than almost any period in the history of social science. A century ago, the Princeton Radio Research Project and later Columbia School of Social Research aptly understood the...

The European Commission

The European Commission   Reference library

Hussein Kassim

The Oxford Encyclopedia of European Union Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
16,199 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Table 2. European Commission: Share of European Union (EU) Population by Nationality (Percentage); Numbers of Commission Staff if Proportionate to Share of EU Population Compared With Actual Share of Commission Staff Share of EU Population (%) Share if Proportionate Actual Share Austria 1.73 518 467 Belgium 2.23 670 4,858 Bulgaria 1.36 409 744 Cyprus 0.17 51 145 Czechia 2.07 622 521 Germany 16.17 4,850 2,118 Denmark 1.13 339 355 Spain 9.14 2,742 2,482 Estonia 0.26 77 263 Finland 1.07 322 535 France 13.05 3,916 3,111 United Kingdom 12.98 3,894 712 Greece 2.09...

Arctic Policy in the European Union

Arctic Policy in the European Union   Reference library

Njord Wegge and Cristina-Elena Merticaru

The Oxford Encyclopedia of European Union Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
6,636 words

... Humpert, M. (2011). EU Arctic policy: A memorandum to the European Commission . Washington, DC: The Arctic Institute, Center for Circumpolar Security Studies. Hyde-Price, A. (2006). Normative power Europe: A realist critique. Journal of European Public Policy , 13 0(2), 217–234. An integrated EU policy for the Arctic . (2016, August 12). European Commission: Environment Jakobsen, L. , & Peng, J. (2012). China’s Arctic aspirations . Stockholm, Sweden: SIPRI Policy Paper 34. Kaplan, R. D. (2009). The revenge of geography. Foreign Policy...

Luxembourg and the European Union

Luxembourg and the European Union   Reference library

Robert Harmsen and Anna-Lena Högenauer

The Oxford Encyclopedia of European Union Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
9,235 words

...updated information may be found on the Statistics Portal of the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg ( https://statistiques.public.lu/en/index.html ). 2. Further information may be found on the web site of the Permanent Representation of Luxembourg to the European Union ( https://bruxelles-rpue.mae.lu/en ). 3. Further information on the European activities of the Chamber of Deputies may be found on the parliamentary web site ( https://www.chd.lu/wps/portal/public/Accueil/ChambreEtUE ). 4. Luxembourg forms part of a “Greater Region” endowed with formal structures...

Information Overload: An Introduction

Information Overload: An Introduction   Reference library

David Bawden and Lyn Robinson

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Political Decision Making

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
13,571 words

...Atlantic Monthly , 176 , 101–108. Capurro, R. (2013, June 23). Medicine in the information and knowledge society . Keynote address to the European Summit for Clinical Nanomedicine and Targeted Medicine. Capurro, R. (2014). Medicine 2.0: Reflections on a pathology of information society. Infopreneurship Journal , 1 (2), 31–47. Carr, N. (2010). The shallows: How the internet is changing the way we think . London, UK: Atlantic Books. Case, D. O. , & Given, L. M. (2016). Looking for information (4th ed.). Bingley, UK: Emerald. Chatman, E. A. (1996)...

The Council of Ministers of the European Union

The Council of Ministers of the European Union   Reference library

Jeffrey Lewis

The Oxford Encyclopedia of European Union Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
18,861 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Percentage of Total EU Population Germany 15.93 France 13.04 United Kingdom 12.73 Italy 12.07 Spain 9.12 Poland 7.47 Romania 3.90 Netherlands 3.37 Belgium 2.21 Greece 2.13 Czech Republic 2.05 Portugal 2.04 Hungary 1.94 Sweden 1.92 Austria 1.69 Bulgaria 1.42 Denmark 1.11 Finland 1.08 Slovakia 1.06 Ireland 0.91 Croatia 0.83 Lithuania 0.57 Slovenia 0.41 Latvia 0.39 Estonia 0.26 Cyprus 0.17 Luxembourg 0.11 Malta 0.08 Total 100 Source : Council website, voting calculator; accessed March 17, 2016; see ...

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