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St Hilary of Poitiers

Subject: Religion

(c.315–67/8), the foremost Latin theologian of his age. A convert from paganism, he was elected Bp. of Poitiers c.350. He became involved in the Arian disputes and, probably as ...

Hilary of Poitiers, St

Hilary of Poitiers, St (67)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
125 words

... of Poitiers, St ( c. 315– 67 / 8 ), the foremost Latin theologian of his age. A convert from paganism, he was elected Bp. of Poitiers c. 350 . He became involved in the Arian disputes and, probably as a result of his defence of Catholic teaching, in 356 was exiled for four years by the Emp. Constantius. In 359 he defended the cause of orthodoxy at the Council of Seleucia . His main works are a treatise De Trinitate (against the Arians); De Synodis , valuable for the doctrinal history of the period; and the so-called Opus Historicum . He is the...

Hilary of Poitiers, St

Hilary of Poitiers, St (315–67/8)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
730 words

...Hilary of Poitiers, St ( c. 315–67/8 ) , the ‘Athanasius of the West’. An educated convert from paganism, he was elected Bp. of Poitiers c. 350 and subsequently became involved in the Arian disputes. His condemnation at the Synod of Biterrae ( 356 ) is usually attributed to his defence of Catholic teaching, but some scholars have suggested that other factors may initially have been involved. It was followed by a four-year exile to Phrygia by the Emp. Constantius , whom Hilary later denounced as Antichrist . In 359 he defended the cause of...

Venantius Fortunatus

Venantius Fortunatus (c.530–c.610)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
106 words

...Fortunatus ( c. 530– c. 610 ), Latin poet . Born near Venice , c. 565 he went on a pilgrimage to the tomb of St Martin of Tours ; he settled at Poitiers, of which he became bishop towards the end of the 6th cent. He wrote much occasional verse, a metrical Life of St Martin of Tours, and prose Lives of St Hilary of Poitiers , St Germanus of Paris , and Queen Radegunde , as well as the hymns which stand out as the true expression of his genius; they include ‘ Vexilla regis ’ and ‘ Pange lingua gloriosi...

Sirmium, Blasphemy of

Sirmium, Blasphemy of   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
61 words

...Blasphemy of . The doctrinal formula issued by the Council of Sirmium (modern Sremska Mitrovica) in 357, setting out the teaching of the extreme Arians . All mention of the term ‘substance’ in Trinitarian speculation was forbidden, and the subordination of the Son to the Father was asserted. It takes its name from St Hilary of Poitiers's description of...

Ligugé

Ligugé   Reference library

Simon Loseby

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... (dep. Vienne, France) Hermitage established near Poitiers by S. Martin of Tours in 361 with the support of Hilary , Bishop of Poitiers, which soon became an enduring monastic community. Various of its buildings are known from excavation. Simon Loseby Stancliffe , St. Martin (1983). L.-J. Bord , Histoire de l’abbaye Saint-Martin de Ligugé, 361–2001 (2005). B. Boissavit-Camus , in Wisigoths et Francs autour la bataille de Vouillé (507) (2010),...

Auxentius

Auxentius (373)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
257 words

... (d. 373 or 374 ), Arian Bp. of Milan . A Cappadocian by birth, he was ordained c. 343 by Gregory, the intruded Bp. of Alexandria , and soon became the most prominent supporter of Arianism in the W. Though apparently ignorant of Latin, he was appointed to the see of Milan by Constantius in 355 . Despite condemnation for heresy, acc. to St Athanasius at the Council of Ariminum ( 359 ), and certainly at Paris ( 360 ), he continued to hold his bishopric. Neither the approaches of St Hilary of Poitiers to the Emp. Valentinian on the subject...

Fridolin

Fridolin   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
121 words

...in the second half of the 7th c., was a native of the region of Poitiers . He developed (with the support of King Clovis II ?) the cult of St Hilary in the upper Rhine valley. He retired to end his days on the Rhine island of Säckingen, where he subsequently formed a community of canons attested in the 9th century. The cult of St Fridolin developed in Alsace , southern Baden and Switzerland : he is the patron saint of Glarus. Fridolin's activities are known only by a Vita written around 970–980 , doubtless by the bishop of Speyer . I. Müller , “...

Ligugé

Ligugé   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
126 words

...It was to Ligugé, two leagues from Poitiers , that Gregory of Tours came in 591 to venerate the memory of St Martin , welcomed by St Hilary two centuries earlier. In the Merovingian period, the monk Defensor compiled his Liber scintillarum or Sentences of the Church Fathers there, but the monastery disappeared before Carolingian times. Around the year 1000 , the site was restored as the chief priory of the abbey of Maillezais in Bas-Poitou, but this priory disappeared in turn with the Hundred Years' War and commendation . The second...

Poitiers

Poitiers   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
519 words
Illustration(s):
1

... A regional centre since Celtic times, Poitiers was the capital of the Gallo-Roman civitas of the Pictones. In the 4th c., it was protected by a wall 2600 metres long. In the Merovingian period, the town was the capital of the region of Poitou, with a count who resided at the palace , and a Bishop successor to the first clearly attested bishop, St Hilary ( 350–367 ). The baptistery of St John dates from the late 9th c. (central chamber). In the 6th c., Radegund gave up the throne and founded an abbey of nuns there, called the Holy...

Sirmium, Blasphemy of

Sirmium, Blasphemy of   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
132 words

...Sirmium, Blasphemy of . The doctrinal formula published in Latin by the Council of Sirmium of 357 , setting forth the teaching of the extreme Arian party. All mention of the term ‘substance’ ( substantia, quae Graece usia appellatur ) and its compounds (including the Homoousion ) in Trinitarian speculation was forbidden, and the subordination of the Son to the Father asserted. Its promulgation marked the turning-point in the history of the Arian controversy. It takes its name from the description of it in St Hilary of Poitiers ' ‘De synodis’ as the ...

Phoebadius, St

Phoebadius, St (395)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
154 words

...Phoebadius, St (d. c. 395 ) , also ‘Fiari’, Bp. of Agen (Agennum) in Guyenne. A friend of St Hilary of Poitiers , he was a strong opponent of Arianism and attacked the Sirmian formula of 357 in his Liber contra Arianos (partly based on Tertullian ). In 359 he signed the formula of Ariminum , but vigorously denounced the Council when he realized its import. A work, ‘De Fide Orthodoxa contra Arianos’, also passes under his name, but this probably belongs to Gregory of Elvira . Feast day, 26 April. Crit. edn. of his Liber contra Arianos ...

Gilbert of Poitiers

Gilbert of Poitiers (1085–1154)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
607 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of Poitiers (after 1085–1154 ) Gilbert of Poitiers , also called Gilbert de la Porrée ( Porreta ), was doubtless born in that town. He studied the liberal arts under a certain Hilary, at Poitiers , then under Bernard of Chartres. He later went to study Scripture and its glosses under Anselm of Laon and his brother Ralph . He was a canon at Poitiers, then at Chartres where he became chancellor . In c. 1140 , he went to teach at the cathedral school of Paris . In 1142 , he was made bishop of Poitiers and stopped teaching. In 1148 , at a ...

Martin, St

Martin, St (d. 397)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
135 words

...St ( d. 397 ), Bp. of Tours and a patron saint of France. He was born of pagan parents in Hungary, either c. 315 or c. 336 . Forced to adopt his father's profession of soldiering, he gave half his cloak to a naked beggar in Amiens. A subsequent vision of Christ led him to seek Baptism at the age of eighteen, though he remained in the Roman army until 356. In 360 he joined Hilary of Poitiers and founded the monastery of Ligugé. Elected Bp. of Tours c. 371 , he continued to practise and promote monasticism and was active in evangelizing the...

Valens

Valens (4th cent.)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
232 words

...up a compromising attitude in 359 at the Synod of Ariminum , where they were responsible for the victory of the Homoean party. Though frequently excommunicated in the W. Church, they seem to have retained considerable influence at the court of Constantius. The last mention of Valens dates from 367 . There are scattered refs. in Hilary of Poitiers , Athanasius, Socrates , and Sozomen . Frags. of a treatise of Hilary, ‘Adv. Valentem et Ursacium’, known to StJerome ( De Vir. Ill. 100), survive; text in J. P. Migne , PL 10. 627–724; crit. edn. by...

Liberius

Liberius   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
358 words

...to assent to the condemnation of St Athanasius as a rebel, Liberius refused and was banished from Rome in 355 . In 357 he submitted to Constantius, after a collapse of his morale which can be traced in four letters (‘Studens pace’, ‘Pro deifico’, ‘Quia scio’, and ‘Non doceo’) preserved by Hilary of Poitiers . In 358 he was permitted to reoccupy his see, having agreed to the deposition of Athanasius and having signed a confession of faith passed at a council of Sirmium (prob. that of 351, not the ‘Blasphemy of Sirmium ’) which, while not...

Poitiers

Poitiers   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
6,334 words
Illustration(s):
4

...was painted before the end of the 11th century in accordance with a consistent plan. The bishops of Poitiers, depicted on the pillars of the nave around the tomb of St Hilary, represent the Christian community of the diocese (some figures extant). Paintings, probably on the vault of the choir, illustrated the heavenly Church, with figures of Christ, angels and saints; in 1987 , scenes from the Apocalypse were discovered above the arches of the choir, depicting St John and the Angel , the Horsemen of the Apocalypse , the Souls under the Altar , the Angel...

dove

dove   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
387 words

..., and St Augustine , or to the individual soul regenerated by baptism, e.g. by St Hilary of Poitiers . (4) Other meanings of the dove are to denote inspired theological knowledge in the case of many saints, e.g. St Gregory the Great , St Dominic , St Thomas Aquinas , and St Teresa of Ávila ; and (5) to represent certain Christian virtues, notably purity and humility. The ‘Eucharistic Dove’ is a hollow receptacle in the shape of a dove to contain the Blessed Sacrament. Its use was formerly believed, apparently wrongly, to go back to Tertullian. There...

Venantius Fortunatus

Venantius Fortunatus (530–c. 610)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
566 words

...became a friend of St Gregory of Tours , who encouraged him to publish collections of his poetry. Towards the end of the 6th cent. he was elected Bp. of Poitiers. Venantius Fortunatus was the author of 11 books of occasional verse, including epigrams, elegies, panegyrics, and epitaphs, as well as some hymns; a long metrical Life of Martin of Tours, prose Lives of St Hilary of Poitiers , St Germanus of Paris, Radegunde , and various local celebrities; the ‘De Excidio Thoringiae’, a touching lament on the extinction of the royal house of Thuringia and a...

Martin, S.

Martin, S. (316–397)   Reference library

Columba Stewart

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...a disciple of Hilary of Poitiers , who trained him in asceticism . Following Hilary’s lead, Martin became an anti- Arian crusader and travelled to Italy , where he became a hermit at Milan in the 350s. Soon expelled by the Arian bishop Auxentius , he lived on the island of Gallinaria in Liguria with a presbyter friend as the first of a succession of hermits. With the restoration of Hilary to his see (360/1), Martin returned to Gaul and became a hermit at Ligugé , near Poitiers. Attracting both disciples and the attention of local clergy, he...

Venantius Fortunatus

Venantius Fortunatus   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Saints (5 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
525 words

...Fortunatus , ( c. 530–610 ), bishop of Poitiers . Born near Treviso and educated at Ravenna, he left Italy c. 565 to visit the shrine of St Martin at Tours in thanksgiving for being cured of an illness of the eyes. In return for the hospitality he received he wrote laudatory poems in honour of his hosts. He visited Sigebert's court at Metz, where he stayed for two years earning his living by his varied talent as a writer, who brought something of Roman elegance and literary culture to a rather barbarous Merovingian court. By this time the Lombards...

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