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St Hilary of Poitiers

Subject: Religion

(c.315–67/8), the foremost Latin theologian of his age. A convert from paganism, he was elected Bp. of Poitiers c.350. He became involved in the Arian disputes and, probably as ...

St Hilary of Poitiers

St Hilary of Poitiers  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(c.315–67/8), the foremost Latin theologian of his age. A convert from paganism, he was elected Bp. of Poitiers c.350. He became involved in the Arian disputes and, probably as a result of his ...
Gilbert of Poitiers

Gilbert of Poitiers  

(after 1085–1154)Gilbert of Poitiers, also called Gilbert de la Porrée (Porreta), was doubtless born in that town. He studied the liberal arts under a certain Hilary, at Poitiers, then ...
Blasphemy of Sirmium

Blasphemy of Sirmium  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The doctrinal formula issued by the Council of Sirmium (modern Sremska Mitrovica) in 357, setting out the teaching of the extreme Arians. All mention of the term ‘substance’ in Trinitarian ...
Ligugé

Ligugé  

It was to Ligugé, two leagues from Poitiers, that Gregory of Tours came in 591 to venerate the memory of St Martin, welcomed by St Hilary two centuries earlier. In ...
Fridolin

Fridolin  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(6th century(?),abbot, founder of Sackingen. There was a notable cult in Austria, southern Germany, and Switzerland; pilgrims came from the British Isles. His unreliable Life described him as an ...
Venantius Fortunatus

Venantius Fortunatus  

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Overview Page
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Religion
(c.530–c.610), Latin poet. Born near Venice, c.565 he went on a pilgrimage to the tomb of St Martin of Tours; he settled at Poitiers, of which he became bishop towards the end of the 6th cent. He ...
St Martin

St Martin  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. 397), Bp. of Tours and a patron saint of France. He was born of pagan parents in Hungary, either c.315 or c.336. Forced to adopt his father's profession of soldiering, he gave half his cloak to a ...
St Phoebadius

St Phoebadius  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. c.395), Bp. of Agen in S. France. He opposed Arianism and attacked the Sirmian formula of 357 in his Liber contra Arianos. In 359 he signed the formula of Ariminum but denounced the Council when ...
Martin

Martin  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Male forename, name of two saints.St Martin de Porres (1579–1639), a Dominican lay brother, the illegitimate son of a Spanish grandee and a freed black slave from Lima in Peru. He was noted for his ...
Auxentius

Auxentius  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. 373/4), Bp. of Milan from 355. He was the most prominent supporter of Arianism in the West. Despite condemnation for heresy at Councils at Paris (360) and Rome (372), he held his see until his ...
Lupus of Troyes

Lupus of Troyes  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. 478),bishop. He is known and culted in England because of his association with Germanus of Auxerre, who preached effectively against the Pelagians on his two visits to Britain. Lupus was born in ...
St Eusebius

St Eusebius  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. 371), Bp. of Vercelli from 340. He was a strong supporter of orthodoxy in the Arian controversy. Three letters have survived. A treatise De Trinitate, traditionally attributed to Athanasius, has ...
Genesius of Arles

Genesius of Arles  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. c.303),martyr. This saint is mentioned in the Martyrology of Jerome, in the writings of Prudentius, Venantius Fortunatus, Hilary, and Gregory of Tours, and there can be little doubt that he was a ...
Martin of Tours

Martin of Tours  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(c.316–397),monk bishop. One of the most popular saints of the Middle Ages, Martin was born in Pannonia (now Hungary); his father was a pagan officer in the Roman army; Martin too joined the army for ...
Liberius

Liberius  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Pope from 352 to 366. Ordered by the Arian Emp. Constantius to assent to the condemnation of St Athanasius as a rebel, Liberius refused and was banished from Rome in 355. In 357 he submitted and in ...
Johann Froben

Johann Froben  

(c.1460–1527),German humanist printer, born in Hammelburg (Bavaria). He moved to Basel in 1491, and trained as a printer and scholarly editor in the workshop of Amerbach, where he worked ...
Scipione Maffei

Scipione Maffei  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1675–1755), historian. His main historical work centred on his native city of Verona. In 1712 he discovered the Theodosian Collection (q.v.).
dove

dove  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The dove is used as a Christian symbol for peace and reconciliation, for the Holy Spirit, for the Church, and for the individual soul regenerated by Baptism. The ‘Eucharistic Dove’ is a hollow ...
Christianity in France

Christianity in France  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Christianity seems to have been introduced into Gaul in the 2nd cent. by missionaries from Asia Minor. The Christian community at Lyons suffered persecution in 177. A Gallic episcopate was ...
St Leo I

St Leo I  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. 461)Pope from 440. His Papacy is remarkable for the extent to which he advanced and consolidated the influence of the Roman see. He tried to strengthen the Church by energetic central government ...

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