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St Hilary of Poitiers

Subject: Religion

(c.315–67/8), the foremost Latin theologian of his age. A convert from paganism, he was elected Bp. of Poitiers c.350. He became involved in the Arian disputes and, probably as ...

Hilary of Poitiers, St

Hilary of Poitiers, St (67)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
125 words

... of Poitiers, St ( c. 315– 67 / 8 ), the foremost Latin theologian of his age. A convert from paganism, he was elected Bp. of Poitiers c. 350 . He became involved in the Arian disputes and, probably as a result of his defence of Catholic teaching, in 356 was exiled for four years by the Emp. Constantius. In 359 he defended the cause of orthodoxy at the Council of Seleucia . His main works are a treatise De Trinitate (against the Arians); De Synodis , valuable for the doctrinal history of the period; and the so-called Opus Historicum . He is the...

Hilary of Poitiers, St

Hilary of Poitiers, St (315–67/8)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
730 words

...Hilary of Poitiers, St ( c. 315–67/8 ) , the ‘Athanasius of the West’. An educated convert from paganism, he was elected Bp. of Poitiers c. 350 and subsequently became involved in the Arian disputes. His condemnation at the Synod of Biterrae ( 356 ) is usually attributed to his defence of Catholic teaching, but some scholars have suggested that other factors may initially have been involved. It was followed by a four-year exile to Phrygia by the Emp. Constantius , whom Hilary later denounced as Antichrist . In 359 he defended the cause of...

St Hilary of Poitiers

St Hilary of Poitiers  

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Religion
(c.315–67/8), the foremost Latin theologian of his age. A convert from paganism, he was elected Bp. of Poitiers c.350. He became involved in the Arian disputes and, probably as a result of his ...
Blasphemy of Sirmium

Blasphemy of Sirmium  

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Religion
The doctrinal formula issued by the Council of Sirmium (modern Sremska Mitrovica) in 357, setting out the teaching of the extreme Arians. All mention of the term ‘substance’ in Trinitarian ...
Fridolin

Fridolin  

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Religion
(6th century(?),abbot, founder of Sackingen. There was a notable cult in Austria, southern Germany, and Switzerland; pilgrims came from the British Isles. His unreliable Life described him as an ...
Venantius Fortunatus

Venantius Fortunatus  

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Religion
(c.530–c.610), Latin poet. Born near Venice, c.565 he went on a pilgrimage to the tomb of St Martin of Tours; he settled at Poitiers, of which he became bishop towards the end of the 6th cent. He ...
St Martin

St Martin  

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Religion
(d. 397), Bp. of Tours and a patron saint of France. He was born of pagan parents in Hungary, either c.315 or c.336. Forced to adopt his father's profession of soldiering, he gave half his cloak to a ...
St Phoebadius

St Phoebadius  

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Religion
(d. c.395), Bp. of Agen in S. France. He opposed Arianism and attacked the Sirmian formula of 357 in his Liber contra Arianos. In 359 he signed the formula of Ariminum but denounced the Council when ...
Auxentius

Auxentius  

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Religion
(d. 373/4), Bp. of Milan from 355. He was the most prominent supporter of Arianism in the West. Despite condemnation for heresy at Councils at Paris (360) and Rome (372), he held his see until his ...
Lupus of Troyes

Lupus of Troyes  

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Religion
(d. 478),bishop. He is known and culted in England because of his association with Germanus of Auxerre, who preached effectively against the Pelagians on his two visits to Britain. Lupus was born in ...
St Eusebius

St Eusebius  

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Religion
(d. 371), Bp. of Vercelli from 340. He was a strong supporter of orthodoxy in the Arian controversy. Three letters have survived. A treatise De Trinitate, traditionally attributed to Athanasius, has ...
Genesius of Arles

Genesius of Arles  

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Religion
(d. c.303),martyr. This saint is mentioned in the Martyrology of Jerome, in the writings of Prudentius, Venantius Fortunatus, Hilary, and Gregory of Tours, and there can be little doubt that he was a ...
Martin of Tours

Martin of Tours  

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(c.316–397),monk bishop. One of the most popular saints of the Middle Ages, Martin was born in Pannonia (now Hungary); his father was a pagan officer in the Roman army; Martin too joined the army for ...
Liberius

Liberius  

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Religion
Pope from 352 to 366. Ordered by the Arian Emp. Constantius to assent to the condemnation of St Athanasius as a rebel, Liberius refused and was banished from Rome in 355. In 357 he submitted and in ...
dove

dove  

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Religion
The dove is used as a Christian symbol for peace and reconciliation, for the Holy Spirit, for the Church, and for the individual soul regenerated by Baptism. The ‘Eucharistic Dove’ is a hollow ...
Christianity in France

Christianity in France  

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Religion
Christianity seems to have been introduced into Gaul in the 2nd cent. by missionaries from Asia Minor. The Christian community at Lyons suffered persecution in 177. A Gallic episcopate was ...
St Leo I

St Leo I  

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Religion
(d. 461)Pope from 440. His Papacy is remarkable for the extent to which he advanced and consolidated the influence of the Roman see. He tried to strengthen the Church by energetic central government ...
lying

lying  

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Religion
A lie is a statement not in accordance with the mind of the speaker, made with the intention of deceiving. Both in the OT and NT the practice of lying is denounced. Theologians have argued whether a ...
Arianism

Arianism  

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Religion
In Christian theology, the main heresy denying the divinity of Christ, originating with the Alexandrian priest Arius (c. 250–c. 336). Arianism maintained that the son of God was created by the Father ...
Venantius Fortunatus

Venantius Fortunatus (c.530–c.610)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
106 words

...Fortunatus ( c. 530– c. 610 ), Latin poet . Born near Venice , c. 565 he went on a pilgrimage to the tomb of St Martin of Tours ; he settled at Poitiers, of which he became bishop towards the end of the 6th cent. He wrote much occasional verse, a metrical Life of St Martin of Tours, and prose Lives of St Hilary of Poitiers , St Germanus of Paris , and Queen Radegunde , as well as the hymns which stand out as the true expression of his genius; they include ‘ Vexilla regis ’ and ‘ Pange lingua gloriosi...

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