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St Hilary of Poitiers

Subject: Religion

(c.315–67/8), the foremost Latin theologian of his age. A convert from paganism, he was elected Bp. of Poitiers c.350. He became involved in the Arian disputes and, probably as ...

Catholicism

Catholicism   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
3,882 words

...the Test Acts ( 1673 , 1678 ), the Bill of 1689 and the Irish Penal Laws ( 1695 ), the suppression of the Jesuits ( 1773 ), and the deaths of numerous British Catholic martyrs ( 1535–1713 ), including some of the best-educated Augustinians, Benedictines, Carmelites, Carthusians, Dominicans, Franciscans, Jesuits and Seculars. This period consequently saw the rise of English, Irish and Scottish Catholic colleges in such places as Antwerp, Bruges, Liège and Louvain (Belgium), Bordeaux, Douai, Nantes, Paris, Poitiers, St Omer and Toulouse (France), Rome (Italy),...

Eriugena, John Scottus

Eriugena, John Scottus (c.790/800–c.877)   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
2,109 words

... (for testimonia , see Brennan, 1986 ) and there is a tradition, recorded by William of Malmesbury, that he was stabbed to death by his students. Recognized for his erudition, Eriugena displays a wide knowledge of Latin Christian sources, most notably St Augustine, but also Martianus Capella , Macrobius , Cassiodorus , Bede , Isidore , Ambrose , Hilary of Poitiers and Jerome. He refers occasionally to Boethius ( Opuscula sacra ) and possibly knew his Consolation of Philosophy (glosses, possibly in his hand, survive). Two partial commentaries, ...

Aquinas, Thomas

Aquinas, Thomas (1225–1274)   Reference library

Andreas Speer

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
2,736 words

...to exposit the two definitions of “comeliness or beauty” (“species sive pulchritudo”)—attributed to the Son by Hilary of Poitiers—and of “beauty or perfection” (“pulchritudo sive perfectio”) to illustrate how the Son truly and perfectly possesses the nature of the Father. Both definitions express Hilary’s intended affirmation, by means of the concept of the image (“species sive imago sive pulchritudo”), of the perfect agreement in essence shared by Father and Son. Their close association to the systematic context of Aquinas’s teaching on the divine...

Theological Aesthetics

Theological Aesthetics   Reference library

Gesa Elsbeth Thiessen

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
3,151 words

...the light of the world—abetted the hope of seeing God. Of course, the juxtaposition of light (good) and darkness (evil) had its origin in much earlier times and was prominent among the Manicheans. Lactantius, Hilary of Poitiers, Ambrose, and Augustine used the symbolism of light and praised Christ as the light of truth, the true glorious image of the invisible God. The aesthetics of light has been eminent throughout Christian theology and worship to this day. The purification of the heart, eye, and soul was considered a requirement for the vision of God. Union...

Aquinas, Thomas

Aquinas, Thomas (1225)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
2,656 words

...to exposit the two definitions of “comeliness or beauty” ( species sive pulchritudo )—attributed to the Son by Hilary of Poitiers—and of “beauty or perfection” ( pulchritudo sive perfectio ) to illustrate how the Son truly and perfectly possesses the nature of the Father. Both definitions express Hilary's intended affirmation, by means of the concept of the image ( species sive imago sive pulchritudo ), of the perfect agreement in essence shared by Father and Son. Their close association to the systematic context of Aquinas's teaching on the divine...

TO TRANSLATE

TO TRANSLATE   Reference library

Clara Auvray-Assayas, Christian Bernier, Barbara Cassin, André Paul, and Irène Rosier-Catach

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
17,498 words

...[ ad sensum interpretati sunt ],” or some others, like Saint Hilary of Poitiers, who “captured the ideas in his own language by the law of the victor [ victoris jure transposuit ]” (ibid.). For the sacred texts, Jerome requires verbum e verbo . But what this means is that he does not want to lose a single word, for each and every one contains part of the divine “mystery” ( mysterium or sacramentum ). He is thus a “translator” and not a “prophet”: “It is,” he states, “the erudition and richness of the words that translate what one understands [ eruditio et...

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