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St Hilary of Poitiers

Subject: Religion

(c.315–67/8), the foremost Latin theologian of his age. A convert from paganism, he was elected Bp. of Poitiers c.350. He became involved in the Arian disputes and, probably as ...

Gilbert of Poitiers

Gilbert of Poitiers  

(after 1085–1154)Gilbert of Poitiers, also called Gilbert de la Porrée (Porreta), was doubtless born in that town. He studied the liberal arts under a certain Hilary, at Poitiers, then ...
Ligugé

Ligugé  

It was to Ligugé, two leagues from Poitiers, that Gregory of Tours came in 591 to venerate the memory of St Martin, welcomed by St Hilary two centuries earlier. In ...
Johann Froben

Johann Froben  

(c.1460–1527),German humanist printer, born in Hammelburg (Bavaria). He moved to Basel in 1491, and trained as a printer and scholarly editor in the workshop of Amerbach, where he worked ...
Fridolin

Fridolin   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
121 words

...in the second half of the 7th c., was a native of the region of Poitiers . He developed (with the support of King Clovis II ?) the cult of St Hilary in the upper Rhine valley. He retired to end his days on the Rhine island of Säckingen, where he subsequently formed a community of canons attested in the 9th century. The cult of St Fridolin developed in Alsace , southern Baden and Switzerland : he is the patron saint of Glarus. Fridolin's activities are known only by a Vita written around 970–980 , doubtless by the bishop of Speyer . I. Müller , “...

Ligugé

Ligugé   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
126 words

...It was to Ligugé, two leagues from Poitiers , that Gregory of Tours came in 591 to venerate the memory of St Martin , welcomed by St Hilary two centuries earlier. In the Merovingian period, the monk Defensor compiled his Liber scintillarum or Sentences of the Church Fathers there, but the monastery disappeared before Carolingian times. Around the year 1000 , the site was restored as the chief priory of the abbey of Maillezais in Bas-Poitou, but this priory disappeared in turn with the Hundred Years' War and commendation . The second...

Poitiers

Poitiers   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
519 words
Illustration(s):
1

... A regional centre since Celtic times, Poitiers was the capital of the Gallo-Roman civitas of the Pictones. In the 4th c., it was protected by a wall 2600 metres long. In the Merovingian period, the town was the capital of the region of Poitou, with a count who resided at the palace , and a Bishop successor to the first clearly attested bishop, St Hilary ( 350–367 ). The baptistery of St John dates from the late 9th c. (central chamber). In the 6th c., Radegund gave up the throne and founded an abbey of nuns there, called the Holy...

Gilbert of Poitiers

Gilbert of Poitiers (1085–1154)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
607 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of Poitiers (after 1085–1154 ) Gilbert of Poitiers , also called Gilbert de la Porrée ( Porreta ), was doubtless born in that town. He studied the liberal arts under a certain Hilary, at Poitiers , then under Bernard of Chartres. He later went to study Scripture and its glosses under Anselm of Laon and his brother Ralph . He was a canon at Poitiers, then at Chartres where he became chancellor . In c. 1140 , he went to teach at the cathedral school of Paris . In 1142 , he was made bishop of Poitiers and stopped teaching. In 1148 , at a ...

Hymn, Hymnology

Hymn, Hymnology   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
1,139 words

...the great figures of Latin Christianity, like Hilary of Poitiers or St Ambrose . The old monastic Rules , notably that of St Benedict , specify the liturgical role of hymns from the 6th c. and suggest the existence of repertoires proper to the different hours of the liturgy of the office . Before the 11th c., hymns were exclusively used by monks, before being also adopted by communities of canons and every cleric celebrating the office. The question of the origin of a liturgical hymnary, hence of an appropriate book, is not yet entirely clarified....

Carroll, Diahann

Carroll, Diahann (17 July 1935)   Reference library

Black Women in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,584 words
Illustration(s):
1

...toured the country with the immensely successful concert tour of Almost Like Being in Love—The Lerner and Loewe Songbook and appeared opposite Ruby Dee in the television movie Having Our Say . In 2000 she was in The Courage to Love , Sally Hemings: An American Scandal , and Livin’ for Love: The Natalie Cole Story . In 2002 she returned to the stage, joining Phylicia Rashad in the play Blue . In addition to well-publicized and sometimes turbulent relationships with Sidney Poitier and David Frost , Carroll has been married four times: to ...

Ligugé

Ligugé   Reference library

Simon Loseby

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... (dep. Vienne, France) Hermitage established near Poitiers by S. Martin of Tours in 361 with the support of Hilary , Bishop of Poitiers, which soon became an enduring monastic community. Various of its buildings are known from excavation. Simon Loseby Stancliffe , St. Martin (1983). L.-J. Bord , Histoire de l’abbaye Saint-Martin de Ligugé, 361–2001 (2005). B. Boissavit-Camus , in Wisigoths et Francs autour la bataille de Vouillé (507) (2010),...

Poitiers

Poitiers   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
6,334 words
Illustration(s):
4

...was painted before the end of the 11th century in accordance with a consistent plan. The bishops of Poitiers, depicted on the pillars of the nave around the tomb of St Hilary, represent the Christian community of the diocese (some figures extant). Paintings, probably on the vault of the choir, illustrated the heavenly Church, with figures of Christ, angels and saints; in 1987 , scenes from the Apocalypse were discovered above the arches of the choir, depicting St John and the Angel , the Horsemen of the Apocalypse , the Souls under the Altar , the Angel...

Martin, S.

Martin, S. (316–397)   Reference library

Columba Stewart

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...a disciple of Hilary of Poitiers , who trained him in asceticism . Following Hilary’s lead, Martin became an anti- Arian crusader and travelled to Italy , where he became a hermit at Milan in the 350s. Soon expelled by the Arian bishop Auxentius , he lived on the island of Gallinaria in Liguria with a presbyter friend as the first of a succession of hermits. With the restoration of Hilary to his see (360/1), Martin returned to Gaul and became a hermit at Ligugé , near Poitiers. Attracting both disciples and the attention of local clergy, he...

Sulpicius Severus

Sulpicius Severus (360–after 404)   Reference library

Michael Williams

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...are chiefly devoted to sustaining the memory of that saint and his exploits. They were also evidently written with an eye to the major controversies of his day ( Priscillianism , Jovinianism , Origenism ). The apparently authentic detail to be found among the miracles of the Life of S. Martin has led many scholars to accept it as basically truthful, although various dates and encounters (e.g. with Hilary of Poitiers ) are certainly misplaced or invented. The more polished and artificial style of the accompanying letters and the Dialogues ...

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