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Rufinus

Subject: Religion

(fl. 399–401?), commonly called the Syrian, author of a Liber de Fide, described in the only known MS as the work of Rufinus, priest of the province of Palestine. The fact that ...

Rufinus

Rufinus (fl. 399–401?)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
93 words

... ( fl. 399–401? ), commonly called the Syrian, author of a Liber de Fide , described in the only known MS as the work of Rufinus, priest of the province of Palestine. The fact that this work is hostile to Arianism , Origen , and the doctrine of Original Sin has led to identification of its author with the Rufinus natione Syrus , said by Marius Mercator to have corrupted the theology of Pelagius , and with the deceased priest mentioned by Celestius in his trial at Carthage in...

Rufinus

Rufinus (3)   Reference library

R. H. Robins

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
37 words

... (3) (5th cent. ad ), grammarian . His Commentarium in metra Terentiana and his De compositione et de metris oratorum are extant (ed. Keil, Gramm. Lat. 6. 554–78). Cf. Schanz – Hosius , § 1104. R. H....

Rufinus

Rufinus   Reference library

Peter Bell

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... First dispatched by Anastasius I on an embassy to Qobad I ( 502 ), later assignments included (unsuccessful) negotiations over Justin I ’s proposed adoption of Qobad’s son Khosrow (525/6). With Hermogenes , however, he negotiated the Everlasting Peace of 530–2. He enjoyed cordial relations with Khosrow I and the Persian aristocracy . Peter Bell PRLE II, Rufinus 13. Greatrex and Lieu, 63, 81, 88, 91–7. Greatrex , RPW 169, 213–14. Dignas and...

Rufinus

Rufinus (fl. 399–401)   Reference library

Frances Young

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
266 words

... ( fl. 399–401 ?) Commonly called the Syrian, author of a Liber de Fide which is described in the only known surviving MS (St Petersburg, Public Library MS Q. v. 1. 6) as the work of Rufinus, priest of the province of Palestine. This work, formerly ascribed to Tyrannius Rufinus , is marked by hostility to Arianism , to Origen , and to the doctrine of original sin ; these features have led to the identification of the author with the Rufinus natione Syrus , said by Marius Mercator to have corrupted the theology of Pelagius ( see Pelagianism )...

Rufinus

Rufinus   Reference library

Timothy E. Gregory

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
198 words

... (῾Πουφι̑νος), praetorian prefect and adviser of Theodosios I and Arkadios ; born Elusa, Gaul, died outside Constantinople 27 Nov. 395 . He was magister officiorum 388–92 and used his tenure to increase the importance of that office. In 390 he urged Theodosios to admit his error in the massacre of citizens in the hippodrome of Thessalonike . He was appointed consul for 392. Rufinus was an ambitious and ruthless politician; he hoped to marry his daughter to Arkadios. When Theodosios went to the West in 394 , he left Rufinus as the principal...

Rufinus

Rufinus (2)(of *Aquileia)   Reference library

C. P. Bammel

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
260 words

... (2) of Aquileia , Christian writer , translator , and monastic leader , born c. ad 345 at Concordia Sagittaria of good family, boyhood friend of Jerome , whose education he shared, baptised at Aquileia c. 371 , studied in Egypt for eight years under Didymus the Blind and desert hermits, presided over a monastery on the Mount of Olives, and from 393 onwards became involved in the Origenist controversy ( see origen ( 1 ) ), returning to Italy in 397 . He there produced many translations or adaptations from the Greek, including *Eusebius' ...

Rufinus, Flavius

Rufinus, Flavius (395)   Reference library

David Natal

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

..., Flavius (d. 395 ) Magister Officiorum ( 388–92 ), consul ( 392 ), and Praefectus Praetorio under Theodosius I ( 392–5 ), and briefly regent for Theodosius’ son Arcadius . In 395 , during Alaric ’s invasion of Thrace, Rufinus rejected the assistance of Stilicho , who ordered Gainas to kill him. Rufinus was praised by Libanius but commented upon adversely by Zosimus , and was the object of a substantial psogos In Rufinum in two books by Claudian . Rufinus came from Gaul , was a pious Christian, and founded a martyrium and an...

Rufinus, Tyrannius

Rufinus, Tyrannius (345–411)   Reference library

Robert Evans

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
677 words

...to escape the Gothic incursions. He died in Sicily in 411. Rufinus had a lasting impact on the W. as a translator of Gk theological texts into Lat., many of which he adapted in various ways in the process of translation. Jerome and Rufinus clashed over Origen in 393, and although the friendship was restored by 397, it broke down again with Rufinus’ translation of Origen’s First Principles . This is the only complete version now surviving and was intended to vindicate Origen’s orthodoxy. Both Rufinus and Jerome wrote polemics against each other which...

Rufinus, Tyrannius

Rufinus, Tyrannius (c.345–411)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
188 words

..., Tyrannius or Turranius ( c. 345–411 ), monk , historian , and translator . Born near Aquileia , he went to Egypt c. 373 and for some years studied at Alexandria under Didymus the Blind . In 381 he was in Jerusalem . He had a part in founding a double monastery on the Mount of Olives . He returned to Italy in 397. Though he was also an original writer, Rufinus is important mainly as a translator of Greek theological works into Latin at a time when knowledge of Greek was declining in the W. His free rendering of Origen 's De Principiis...

Rufinus, Printer of

Rufinus, Printer of   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
114 words

..., Printer of ( fl . 1478–9 ) First printer in Oxford. The Expositio in Symbolum Apostolorum by Tyrannius Rufinus Aquileiensis has the *colophon dated Oxford, 17 December 1468 , but since two other small books, dated ‘ 1479 ’ were printed in Oxford in the same type, a date in 1478 is generally assumed. Bishop James Goldwell may have commissioned the Expositio from the anonymous printer. The type originated from Cologne, but has no connection with the Cologne types of the second Oxford printer, *Rood . Lotte Hellinga BMC 11 A. C. de la Mare ...

Rufinus (1), Flavius

Rufinus (1), Flavius   Reference library

Edward Arthur Thompson and Antony J. S. Spawforth

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
92 words

... (1), Flavius (consul ad 392 ), from Elusa in Gaul, magister officiorum ( 388–92 ), praetorian prefect of the east ( 392–5 ), left by Theodosius (2) I as guardian of his son Arcadius ( 2 ) . He at once incurred the enmity of Stilicho , who had him killed (November 395) in the presence of Arcadius. Although he was posthumously maligned (among others by the poet Claudian ), Libanius praised his eastern administration. PLRE 1, ‘Rufinus’ 18. Edward Arthur Thompson / Antony J. S....

Rufinus of Aquileia

Rufinus of Aquileia   Reference library

Barry Baldwin

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
277 words

... of Aquileia , more fully Tyrannius Rufinus , Latin writer and translator; born at Concordia near Aquileia ca. 345 , died Messina 410. After studies in Rome, where he met Jerome , Rufinus went to Egypt ca. 372 , thence to Jerusalem, where a decade later he founded a monastery on the Mount of Olives with Melania the Elder . In the interim, he had studied at Alexandria, where he was captivated by the Origenism of Didymos the Blind . Returning to Aquileia in 397 , he devoted his last years largely to Latin translations of the Greek fathers. The...

Rufinus of Aquileia

Rufinus of Aquileia (345–c.410)   Reference library

Philip Amidon

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Rufinus in reply to Rufinus’ Apology against Jerome (which contain considerable biographical information, pejoratively expressed). Rufinus meanwhile continued his translation work after returning to Aquileia: Basil’s homilies and Gregory ’s discourses, the Sentences of Sextus , Adamantius’ De Recta in Deum Fide , Origen on Joshua, Judges, and Psalms 36–8, and (perhaps before his return to Aquileia) the letter to S. James attributed to Clement of Rome. His own Commentary on the Apostles’ Creed is usually dated c .401. In 402 or 403 Rufinus...

Rufus (Rufinus) of Capua

Rufus (Rufinus) of Capua   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Saints (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
57 words

...(Rufinus) of Capua , martyr. Nothing is known of this saint (who was not a bishop), but whose Legend made him the father of a girl raised to life by Apollinaris of Ravenna. Feast: 27 August , in the Sarum calendar and in those of about fifteen English monasteries. C.M.H. , pp. 469–70; AA.SS. Aug. VI (1743),...

Introduction to the Apocrypha

Introduction to the Apocrypha   Reference library

Martin Goodman

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
10,268 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...highly regarded by both Jews and Christians ( cf. 2 Esd 14:45–6 ) the description of them as apocryphal was rare. Other Christian writers described as ‘apocrypha’ those books which were reckoned to be spurious or heretical and thus unfit for Christian use (e.g. Athanasius and Rufinus, both in the 4th cent. ce ). The use of the term to refer to the corpus of books that now forms an appendix to the OT began with Jerome in the early fifth century. Jerome was concerned to define the limits of the OT canon and elected to exclude those books found in the Greek and...

Silvia of Aquitaine

Silvia of Aquitaine   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
28 words

...of Aquitaine . A relative of the Roman prefect Rufinus. She was at one time thought to be the author of the ‘Pilgrimage of Egeria ’...

Hermogenes

Hermogenes (535/6)   Reference library

Peter Bell

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... (d. 535/6 ) Formerly assessor to Vitalian , he became Magister Officiorum (529–33, 535), consularis , and patricius (535). He and Rufinus negotiated the Everlasting Peace of 532 with the Persians. Peter Bell PLRE III, Hermogenes...

Chromatius, St

Chromatius, St (d. 407)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
44 words

...St ( d. 407 ), Bp. of Aquileia from c. 388 . He was a learned scholar and tried to mediate between St Jerome and Rufinus . Some of his sermons have long been known; others have been identified in modern...

Vibius (RE 48) Rufus, Gaius

Vibius (RE 48) Rufus, Gaius   Reference library

Michael Winterbottom

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
57 words

...( RE 48) Rufus, Gaius declaimer (perhaps C. Vibius Rufus Rufinus, suffect consul ad 16 ). L. Annaeus Seneca (1) , who quotes him frequently, records that he spoke ‘in the old way’ ( Controv. 9. 2. 25). PIR 1 V 396; Schanz – Hosius , § 336. 9. 22; Syme , AA 71, 225. Michael...

Frumentius

Frumentius   Reference library

David Phillipson

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...probably c. 320–30. Rufinus of Aquileia ( HE X, 9–11) recorded that Frumentius entered the service of the Aksumite king and continued to serve his successor Ezana (whose mother served as a regent for him during his minority). Frumentius associated with a group of Christians at Aksum and, when the young King Ezana assumed full authority, went to Alexandria to seek the patriarch ’s appointment of a bishop for the Aksumite Christians. The Patriarch Athanasius appointed Frumentius himself. It is likely (although Rufinus does not specifically...

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