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Rufinus

Subject: Religion

(fl. 399–401?), commonly called the Syrian, author of a Liber de Fide, described in the only known MS as the work of Rufinus, priest of the province of Palestine. The fact that ...

Aksum

Aksum   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...refers to the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, and during his reign, the Christian cross replaced the disk and crescent of the old religion. He was the first Christian king to employ the cross in this way, before even the emperors of Rome. The Latin church historian Rufinus corroborates the evidence of Ezana's coins and inscriptions by recording that the patriarch of Alexandria appointed the first Ethiopian metropolitan bishop at this time. There is no indication that Ezana or his successors ever returned to pre-Christian religions. During the...

Ethiopia

Ethiopia   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies, History, Regional and National History
Length:
6,088 words
Illustration(s):
3

...converted to Christianity about 340 c.e ., employs both names. This is the first known use of the word “Ethiopia” by one of its own rulers to describe part of the modern country. The land was usually called Aksum, after its capital. According to early church historians such as Rufinus of Aquileia (345?–410 c.e .), a young Syrian named Frumentius brought Christianity to Ethiopia. Around 330 c.e . he was made bishop of Aksum by Athanasius, patriarch of Alexandria . This established a custom that continued for over sixteen centuries. Until 1959 the...

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