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Rufinus

Subject: Religion

(fl. 399–401?), commonly called the Syrian, author of a Liber de Fide, described in the only known MS as the work of Rufinus, priest of the province of Palestine. The fact that ...

Rufinus, Printer of

Rufinus, Printer of   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
114 words

..., Printer of ( fl . 1478–9 ) First printer in Oxford. The Expositio in Symbolum Apostolorum by Tyrannius Rufinus Aquileiensis has the *colophon dated Oxford, 17 December 1468 , but since two other small books, dated ‘ 1479 ’ were printed in Oxford in the same type, a date in 1478 is generally assumed. Bishop James Goldwell may have commissioned the Expositio from the anonymous printer. The type originated from Cologne, but has no connection with the Cologne types of the second Oxford printer, *Rood . Lotte Hellinga BMC 11 A. C. de la Mare ...

chronicles

chronicles   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
791 words

... Chronicles may present a universal, a national, or a local history. The late antique histories of the early Christian Church— Chronicon and Historia Ecclesiastica by Eusebius Caesariensis ( c .270–339 ), translated from Greek into Latin respectively by St Jerome and by Rufinus of Aquileia—established the form of universal history divided into ‘aetates’, or historical periods from the Creation. English church history up to the year 731 was written by Bede in his Historia Ecclesiastica . Chronicles based on the lives of popes and emperors, first...

Vitalian

Vitalian (470–521)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...the harbors of Scythia and Moesia Secunda. The rebels camped at Sosthenium, north of the Theodosian Great Wall of Constantinople. After eight days, Vitalian accepted a truce. He was appointed magister militum per Thraciam , but he later resumed the fight when he was replaced by Rufinus. In the third offensive (autumn of 515 ), the field army of the rebels started a new siege near the capital at Sycae (Galata). However, the entire fleet was burned at the mouth of Golden Horn with a new weapon, the first form of the Greek fire, launched by the troops of Marinus,...

Aksum

Aksum   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...refers to the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, and during his reign, the Christian cross replaced the disk and crescent of the old religion. He was the first Christian king to employ the cross in this way, before even the emperors of Rome. The Latin church historian Rufinus corroborates the evidence of Ezana's coins and inscriptions by recording that the patriarch of Alexandria appointed the first Ethiopian metropolitan bishop at this time. There is no indication that Ezana or his successors ever returned to pre-Christian religions. During the...

Ethiopia

Ethiopia   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies, History, Regional and National History
Length:
6,088 words
Illustration(s):
3

...converted to Christianity about 340 c.e ., employs both names. This is the first known use of the word “Ethiopia” by one of its own rulers to describe part of the modern country. The land was usually called Aksum, after its capital. According to early church historians such as Rufinus of Aquileia (345?–410 c.e .), a young Syrian named Frumentius brought Christianity to Ethiopia. Around 330 c.e . he was made bishop of Aksum by Athanasius, patriarch of Alexandria . This established a custom that continued for over sixteen centuries. Until 1959 the...

Education

Education   Reference library

Heather D. D. Parker, Erin E. Fleming, Timothy J. Sandoval, Daniele Pevarello, Michele Kennerly, Pheme Perkins, Sarit Kattan Gribetz, and Lillian I. Larsen

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
28,684 words

...( Larsen, 2013 ). Elsewhere, Jerome is critiqued for not limiting the sources of his instruction to biblical texts, and also for introducing “the comedians and lyrical and historical writers” to a group of young boys who, like Paula, “had been entrusted to him” for instruction (Rufinus, Apology 2.8 [ NPNF 2 ]). Even among a developing class of Christian elites, whether Paula’s educational access should be deemed exceptional is not immediately clear. As suggested, when Jerome is depicted in a more formal teaching role, it is not as Paula’s tutor but as an...

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