Update

View:

Overview

Rufinus

Subject: Religion

(fl. 399–401?), commonly called the Syrian, author of a Liber de Fide, described in the only known MS as the work of Rufinus, priest of the province of Palestine. The fact that ...

Frumentius

Frumentius ((fl. fourth century CE))   Reference library

stacey graham

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,080 words

...of Ethiopia comes from the continuation of Eusebius’s Ecclesiastical History (i. 9) by Rufinus of Aquilea, who translated works on theology and church history from Greek into Latin in the fourth and early fifth centuries. While in Syria, Rufinus apparently heard the story from Aedesius, Frumentius’s companion in Ethiopia. Frumentius is also mentioned in a letter written by the Roman emperor Constantius to the Axumite king Ezana in 356. According to Rufinus, Frumentius and Aedesius were traveling with their philosopher kinsman Metropius on a merchant...

Ezana of Aksum

Ezana of Aksum ((Ezanas; fl. mid-fourth century CE))   Reference library

hahn wolfgang

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
930 words

...Constantius II and addressed to Ezana and his co-regent, on the subject of missionary policies. All other literary sources—including the details of the report on Ethiopia’s conversion to Christianity by Frumentius, an emissary of St. Athanasius, the patriarch of Alexandria, in Rufinus’ Church History (written c. 402)—are legendary, as is the tradition of the Ethiopian church based on this story. Ezana’s place within the sequence of Aksumite kings, most of which are known only from coins, can be firmly established, but the exact chronology is uncertain, as is...

Origen

Origen ((c. 185–253 CE))   Reference library

annewies van den hoek

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
834 words

...A rich patron provided stenographers and copyists. Controversies about Origen’s teachings started during his lifetime and escalated in the fourth century and thereafter. Only a small part of his works has survived in Greek, while more is preserved in Latin translation by either Rufinus (c. 345–410) or Jerome. Most of Origen’s works deal with the interpretation of the Bible. In an attempt to come to a reliable version of the Bible, he devised the Hexapla, of which only a few fragments are preserved. The biblical text was laid out in six columns: one in Hebrew,...

Aksum

Aksum   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...refers to the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, and during his reign, the Christian cross replaced the disk and crescent of the old religion. He was the first Christian king to employ the cross in this way, before even the emperors of Rome. The Latin church historian Rufinus corroborates the evidence of Ezana's coins and inscriptions by recording that the patriarch of Alexandria appointed the first Ethiopian metropolitan bishop at this time. There is no indication that Ezana or his successors ever returned to pre-Christian religions. During the...

Ethiopia and Ethiopianism

Ethiopia and Ethiopianism   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Thought

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Philosophy
Length:
2,109 words

...Court of King Ezana at some point ca. 340 c.e . (This makes Ethiopia the oldest continually Christian country apart, one might argue, from Armenia.) Rufinus’s (ca. 345–410 c.e .) account of the introduction of Christianity to the Aksumite court is important given that it is virtually contemporary with the events it describes, being written around 410 c.e. , some sixty years after the events it describes. Rufinus’s account tells how two Syrian brothers from Tyre, Frumentius and Aedesius, were rescued from a shipwreck on the Red Sea coast and taken to the court...

Ethiopia

Ethiopia   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies, History, Regional and National History
Length:
6,088 words
Illustration(s):
3

...converted to Christianity about 340 c.e ., employs both names. This is the first known use of the word “Ethiopia” by one of its own rulers to describe part of the modern country. The land was usually called Aksum, after its capital. According to early church historians such as Rufinus of Aquileia (345?–410 c.e .), a young Syrian named Frumentius brought Christianity to Ethiopia. Around 330 c.e . he was made bishop of Aksum by Athanasius, patriarch of Alexandria . This established a custom that continued for over sixteen centuries. Until 1959 the...

Documentary Sources and Methods for Precolonial African History

Documentary Sources and Methods for Precolonial African History   Reference library

Christina Mobley

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Historiography: Methods and Sources

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Archaeology
Length:
30,112 words

...the pair were members of the church in Alexandria. Frumentius returned to Egypt, called for a mission to Aksum, and was named the first bishop of the Upper Nile region. The earliest documentary source is the Church History of Rufinus, c . 400 ce , which the author claimed was based on the testimony of Aedesius of Tyre. Rufinus’s narrative is repeated in the later Ge’ez liturgical text of the Synaxarium of the Ethiopian Church. Additionally, a letter dated c . 353 ce refers to Frumentius as the Bishop of Aksum. Seland, “Early Christianity in East...

View: