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Rufinus

Subject: Religion

(fl. 399–401?), commonly called the Syrian, author of a Liber de Fide, described in the only known MS as the work of Rufinus, priest of the province of Palestine. The fact that ...

Rufinus

Rufinus (3)   Reference library

R. H. Robins

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
37 words

... (3) (5th cent. ad ), grammarian . His Commentarium in metra Terentiana and his De compositione et de metris oratorum are extant (ed. Keil, Gramm. Lat. 6. 554–78). Cf. Schanz – Hosius , § 1104. R. H....

Rufinus

Rufinus   Reference library

Timothy E. Gregory

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
198 words

... (῾Πουφι̑νος), praetorian prefect and adviser of Theodosios I and Arkadios ; born Elusa, Gaul, died outside Constantinople 27 Nov. 395 . He was magister officiorum 388–92 and used his tenure to increase the importance of that office. In 390 he urged Theodosios to admit his error in the massacre of citizens in the hippodrome of Thessalonike . He was appointed consul for 392. Rufinus was an ambitious and ruthless politician; he hoped to marry his daughter to Arkadios. When Theodosios went to the West in 394 , he left Rufinus as the principal...

Rufinus

Rufinus (2)(of *Aquileia)   Reference library

C. P. Bammel

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
260 words

... (2) of Aquileia , Christian writer , translator , and monastic leader , born c. ad 345 at Concordia Sagittaria of good family, boyhood friend of Jerome , whose education he shared, baptised at Aquileia c. 371 , studied in Egypt for eight years under Didymus the Blind and desert hermits, presided over a monastery on the Mount of Olives, and from 393 onwards became involved in the Origenist controversy ( see origen ( 1 ) ), returning to Italy in 397 . He there produced many translations or adaptations from the Greek, including *Eusebius' ...

Rufinus

Rufinus   Reference library

Peter Bell

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... First dispatched by Anastasius I on an embassy to Qobad I ( 502 ), later assignments included (unsuccessful) negotiations over Justin I ’s proposed adoption of Qobad’s son Khosrow (525/6). With Hermogenes , however, he negotiated the Everlasting Peace of 530–2. He enjoyed cordial relations with Khosrow I and the Persian aristocracy . Peter Bell PRLE II, Rufinus 13. Greatrex and Lieu, 63, 81, 88, 91–7. Greatrex , RPW 169, 213–14. Dignas and...

Rufinus, Flavius

Rufinus, Flavius (395)   Reference library

David Natal

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

..., Flavius (d. 395 ) Magister Officiorum ( 388–92 ), consul ( 392 ), and Praefectus Praetorio under Theodosius I ( 392–5 ), and briefly regent for Theodosius’ son Arcadius . In 395 , during Alaric ’s invasion of Thrace, Rufinus rejected the assistance of Stilicho , who ordered Gainas to kill him. Rufinus was praised by Libanius but commented upon adversely by Zosimus , and was the object of a substantial psogos In Rufinum in two books by Claudian . Rufinus came from Gaul , was a pious Christian, and founded a martyrium and an...

Rufinus, Printer of

Rufinus, Printer of   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
114 words

..., Printer of ( fl . 1478–9 ) First printer in Oxford. The Expositio in Symbolum Apostolorum by Tyrannius Rufinus Aquileiensis has the *colophon dated Oxford, 17 December 1468 , but since two other small books, dated ‘ 1479 ’ were printed in Oxford in the same type, a date in 1478 is generally assumed. Bishop James Goldwell may have commissioned the Expositio from the anonymous printer. The type originated from Cologne, but has no connection with the Cologne types of the second Oxford printer, *Rood . Lotte Hellinga BMC 11 A. C. de la Mare ...

Rufinus (1), Flavius

Rufinus (1), Flavius   Reference library

Edward Arthur Thompson and Antony J. S. Spawforth

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
92 words

... (1), Flavius (consul ad 392 ), from Elusa in Gaul, magister officiorum ( 388–92 ), praetorian prefect of the east ( 392–5 ), left by Theodosius (2) I as guardian of his son Arcadius ( 2 ) . He at once incurred the enmity of Stilicho , who had him killed (November 395) in the presence of Arcadius. Although he was posthumously maligned (among others by the poet Claudian ), Libanius praised his eastern administration. PLRE 1, ‘Rufinus’ 18. Edward Arthur Thompson / Antony J. S....

Rufinus of Aquileia

Rufinus of Aquileia   Reference library

Barry Baldwin

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
277 words

... of Aquileia , more fully Tyrannius Rufinus , Latin writer and translator; born at Concordia near Aquileia ca. 345 , died Messina 410. After studies in Rome, where he met Jerome , Rufinus went to Egypt ca. 372 , thence to Jerusalem, where a decade later he founded a monastery on the Mount of Olives with Melania the Elder . In the interim, he had studied at Alexandria, where he was captivated by the Origenism of Didymos the Blind . Returning to Aquileia in 397 , he devoted his last years largely to Latin translations of the Greek fathers. The...

Rufinus of Aquileia

Rufinus of Aquileia (345–c.410)   Reference library

Philip Amidon

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Rufinus in reply to Rufinus’ Apology against Jerome (which contain considerable biographical information, pejoratively expressed). Rufinus meanwhile continued his translation work after returning to Aquileia: Basil’s homilies and Gregory ’s discourses, the Sentences of Sextus , Adamantius’ De Recta in Deum Fide , Origen on Joshua, Judges, and Psalms 36–8, and (perhaps before his return to Aquileia) the letter to S. James attributed to Clement of Rome. His own Commentary on the Apostles’ Creed is usually dated c .401. In 402 or 403 Rufinus...

Rufinus

Rufinus  

(῾Πουφι̑νος), praetorian prefect and adviser of Theodosios I and Arkadios; born Elusa, Gaul, died outside Constantinople 27 Nov. 395.He was magister officiorum 388–92 and used his tenure to increase ...
Stilicho

Stilicho  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Late Roman general. In ad 395 Honorius became ruler of the western empire, but effective power lay with the outstanding military personality of his time, ‘enigmatic Stilicho, half‐Roman and ...
Pelagianism

Pelagianism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Theologically, Pelagianism is the heresy that people can take the initial steps towards salvation by their own efforts, apart from Divine grace. Historically, it was an ascetic movement composed of ...
Jerome

Jerome  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(c.341–420),monk and Doctor of the Church. Born at Strido, near Aquileia, in Dalmatia, Jerome was well educated, first by his father, then by the grammarian Donatus at Rome. After this he studied ...
Epi Ton Deeseon

Epi Ton Deeseon  

(ὁ ἐπὶ τω̑ν δεήσεων), official whose duty was to receive petitions addressed to the emperor and to answer them. He is usually considered the successor of the late Roman magister ...
Rouphinianai

Rouphinianai  

(῾Πουφινιαναί), or Rufinianae, Asiatic suburb of Constantinople, located on the Sea of Marmara southeast of Chalcedon. The area, formerly referred to as Drys (“the Oak”), took its name from the ...
Skariphos

Skariphos  

(σκάριφος), a sketch or, in architecture, a ground plan. The 5th-C. architect Rufinus is said in the vita of Porphyrios of Gaza to have based his outline (thesis) for the ...
Palladios

Palladios  

(Παλλάδιος), writer, bishop of Helenopolis in Bithynia (ca.400–406), bishop of Aspuna in Galatia (from ca.412); born Galatia ca.363, died Aspuna ca.431.A pupil of Evagrios Pontikos, he spent the ...
Gainas

Gainas  

(Γαϊναα̑ς), general of Gothic origin; born north of the Danube, died in the northern Balkans before Jan. 401.Having begun his career as a common soldier, he was one of ...
Arkadios

Arkadios  

(᾽Αρκάδιος), emperor in the East (395–408); born Constantinople 377/8, died Constantinople 1 May 408.The son of Theodosios I and Aelia Flaccilla, he became augustus in 383. Left as regent ...
Eutropios

Eutropios  

(Εὑτρόπιος), favorite of Arkadios, born near the Persian frontier, died Chalcedon Aug.? 399.An emancipated slave and eunuch, he entered the service of Theodosios I and became the guardian of ...

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