Update

View:

Overview

Rufinus

Subject: Religion

(fl. 399–401?), commonly called the Syrian, author of a Liber de Fide, described in the only known MS as the work of Rufinus, priest of the province of Palestine. The fact that ...

Rufinus

Rufinus (3)   Reference library

R. H. Robins

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
37 words

... (3) (5th cent. ad ), grammarian . His Commentarium in metra Terentiana and his De compositione et de metris oratorum are extant (ed. Keil, Gramm. Lat. 6. 554–78). Cf. Schanz – Hosius , § 1104. R. H....

Rufinus

Rufinus (2)(of *Aquileia)   Reference library

C. P. Bammel

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
260 words

... (2) of Aquileia , Christian writer , translator , and monastic leader , born c. ad 345 at Concordia Sagittaria of good family, boyhood friend of Jerome , whose education he shared, baptised at Aquileia c. 371 , studied in Egypt for eight years under Didymus the Blind and desert hermits, presided over a monastery on the Mount of Olives, and from 393 onwards became involved in the Origenist controversy ( see origen ( 1 ) ), returning to Italy in 397 . He there produced many translations or adaptations from the Greek, including *Eusebius' ...

Rufinus

Rufinus   Reference library

Peter Bell

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... First dispatched by Anastasius I on an embassy to Qobad I ( 502 ), later assignments included (unsuccessful) negotiations over Justin I ’s proposed adoption of Qobad’s son Khosrow (525/6). With Hermogenes , however, he negotiated the Everlasting Peace of 530–2. He enjoyed cordial relations with Khosrow I and the Persian aristocracy . Peter Bell PRLE II, Rufinus 13. Greatrex and Lieu, 63, 81, 88, 91–7. Greatrex , RPW 169, 213–14. Dignas and...

Rufinus, Flavius

Rufinus, Flavius (395)   Reference library

David Natal

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

..., Flavius (d. 395 ) Magister Officiorum ( 388–92 ), consul ( 392 ), and Praefectus Praetorio under Theodosius I ( 392–5 ), and briefly regent for Theodosius’ son Arcadius . In 395 , during Alaric ’s invasion of Thrace, Rufinus rejected the assistance of Stilicho , who ordered Gainas to kill him. Rufinus was praised by Libanius but commented upon adversely by Zosimus , and was the object of a substantial psogos In Rufinum in two books by Claudian . Rufinus came from Gaul , was a pious Christian, and founded a martyrium and an...

Rufinus (1), Flavius

Rufinus (1), Flavius   Reference library

Edward Arthur Thompson and Antony J. S. Spawforth

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
92 words

... (1), Flavius (consul ad 392 ), from Elusa in Gaul, magister officiorum ( 388–92 ), praetorian prefect of the east ( 392–5 ), left by Theodosius (2) I as guardian of his son Arcadius ( 2 ) . He at once incurred the enmity of Stilicho , who had him killed (November 395) in the presence of Arcadius. Although he was posthumously maligned (among others by the poet Claudian ), Libanius praised his eastern administration. PLRE 1, ‘Rufinus’ 18. Edward Arthur Thompson / Antony J. S....

Rufinus of Aquileia

Rufinus of Aquileia (345–c.410)   Reference library

Philip Amidon

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Rufinus in reply to Rufinus’ Apology against Jerome (which contain considerable biographical information, pejoratively expressed). Rufinus meanwhile continued his translation work after returning to Aquileia: Basil’s homilies and Gregory ’s discourses, the Sentences of Sextus , Adamantius’ De Recta in Deum Fide , Origen on Joshua, Judges, and Psalms 36–8, and (perhaps before his return to Aquileia) the letter to S. James attributed to Clement of Rome. His own Commentary on the Apostles’ Creed is usually dated c .401. In 402 or 403 Rufinus...

Rufinus

Rufinus  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(5th cent. ad),grammarian. His Commentarium in metra Terentiana and his De compositione et de metris oratorum are extant (ed. Keil, Grammatici Latini 6. 554–78).Cf. M. Schanz and C. Hosius, § ...
Sextus

Sextus  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Originator of a collection of maxims, mentioned by Origen (1) and translated into Latin by Rufinus (2) under the title Anulus. The Syriac translation bears the title Dicta Selecta Sancti ...
Vibius Rufus, Gaius

Vibius Rufus, Gaius  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(RE 48)declaimer (perhaps C. Vibius Rufus Rufinus, suffect consul ad 16). L. Annaeus Seneca (1), who quotes him frequently, records that he spoke ‘in the old way’ (Controversiae 9. 2. 25).[...]
Palladius

Palladius  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(c.365–425).Historian of Christian monasticism. His Lausiac History (c.419) is of great importance for the history of early monasticism in Egypt, Palestine, Syria, and Asia Minor.
Pelagius

Pelagius  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Early 5th‐cent. Christian theologian of British or Irish extraction. Pelagius travelled to Rome as a monk c.ad 400 and was deeply disappointed by the lax moral standards there. He preached that ...
Claudian

Claudian  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(fl. c. ad 395–404),the last great Latin poet to be a pagan, was born in Alexandria and wrote in Rome. His short epic De Raptu Proserpinae (translated by Leonard Digges, 1617) influenced Spenser's ...
Theodosius I

Theodosius I  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(c. 346–95),Roman emperor 379–95, known as Theodosius the Great. Proclaimed co-emperor by the Emperor Gratian in 379, he took control of the Eastern Empire and ended the war with the Visigoths. A ...
Vibius (RE 48) Rufus, Gaius

Vibius (RE 48) Rufus, Gaius   Reference library

Michael Winterbottom

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
57 words

...( RE 48) Rufus, Gaius declaimer (perhaps C. Vibius Rufus Rufinus, suffect consul ad 16 ). L. Annaeus Seneca (1) , who quotes him frequently, records that he spoke ‘in the old way’ ( Controv. 9. 2. 25). PIR 1 V 396; Schanz – Hosius , § 336. 9. 22; Syme , AA 71, 225. Michael...

Arcadius (2), Flavius

Arcadius (2), Flavius   Reference library

Edward Arthur Thompson and W. Liebeschuetz

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
107 words

...(2), Flavius , eastern Roman emperor ( ad 383–408 ), was the elder son of Theodosius (2) I . Weak and irritable, he filled the essential role of emperor, while policy was made by a succession of strong ministers, Rufinus (1) , Eutropius ( 2 ) , and Anthemius. The independence of civilian government in the east was maintained in the face of pressure from the west under Stilicho , and of Gothic federate bands led respectively by Alaric and Gainas. A. D. Cameron and J. Long , with L. Sherry , Barbarians and Politics at the Court of Arcadius ...

Sextus

Sextus (2)   Reference library

William David Ross and Mark Julian Edwards

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
141 words

... (2) , originator of a collection of maxims, mentioned by Origen ( 1 ) and translated into Latin by Rufinus ( 2 ) under the title Anulus . The Syriac translation bears the title Dicta Selecta Sancti Xysti Episcopi Romani , but Jerome denies the attribution to Xystus ( ad 256–8 ), calling the author Sextus Pythagoreus . The popularity of these sayings in Christian circles is attested by the discovery of a defective Coptic version at Nag Hammadi, Egypt, in 1945 . The original collection was probably non-Christian, made in the 2nd cent. ad , and,...

Clement of Rome

Clement of Rome   Reference library

Henry Chadwick and Mark Julian Edwards

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
234 words

... Simon Magus . The plot which brings the two together substitutes domestic separation and reunion for the erotic stereotypes of pagan novels. This romance survives in two 4th-cent. recensions of divergent character: the Homilies in Greek and the Recognitions in Syriac and Rufinus (2)'s Latin. Neither fully represents the original, which appeared between the 2nd and 4th cents. Epistles , ed. and annotated by J. B. Lightfoot (1890). B. Altaner , Patrology (1960), 90 ff. Clementina , ed. B. Rehm (1965, 1975); P. Lampe , From Paul to Valentinus ...

Fabricius (RE 9) Luscinus, Gaius

Fabricius (RE 9) Luscinus, Gaius (282)   Reference library

Andrew Drummond

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
195 words

..., Lucani, and Samnites. He took a leading role in negotiations with Pyrrhus , probably after Heraclea (1) , and in 278 triumphed again for victories over Bruttii, Lucani, Samnites, and Tarentines. As censor he sensationally excluded a patrician ex-consul, P. Cornelius Rufinus , from the senate for possessing 10 Roman pounds ( c .3.27 kg.) of silver tableware, one of the first attested censorial expulsions. The later stories of his poverty, austerity, and incorruptibility (such as his rejection of Pyrrhus' gifts or of offers to poison Pyrrhus) endowed...

Socrates Scholasticus

Socrates Scholasticus   Reference library

Jill Diana Harries

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
186 words

...Scholasticus , a lawyer in Constantinople , continued the Historia Ecclesiastica of Eusebius from ad 305 to 439, basing his account on documentary and first-hand testimony, as Eusebius had done. Books 1–2, at first dependent on the history of Rufinus (2) of Aquileia, were revised in the light of Athanasius' writings; Socrates' sources for the eastern Church (he knew little of the west) included documentary collections such as the conciliar Acta assembled by bishop Sabinus of Heraclea in 375 , now lost. As a layman, he was relatively...

Origen

Origen   Quick reference

Henry Chadwick and Mark Julian Edwards

Who's Who in the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
838 words

... 7. 1, Jerome , De Vir. Ill. 54) was born at Alexandria of Christian parents. Our chief source of information on his life is the sixth book of Eusebius ' Ecclesiastical History , together with the Panegyric by Gregory Thaumaturgus and the surviving book (translated by Rufinus) of the Apology for Origen which Eusebius wrote with Pamphilus (Migne, PG 17. 521–616 ). Educated by his father Leonides (who perished in the persecution of 202 under Septimius Severus ) and later in the Catechetical School of Alexandria under Pantaenus and Clement...

View: