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Richard Theodore Ely

Subject: Philosophy

(1854–1943)

Richard T. Ely was born on 13 April 1854 in Ripley, New York, and died on 4 October 1943 in Old Lyme, Connecticut. He grew up in Fredonia in ...

Socialism and American Exceptionalism

Socialism and American Exceptionalism   Reference library

Michael Kazin

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Business, Labor, and Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management, Economics
Length:
2,838 words

...of its counterparts in Europe. But its ranks were adorned not only with dirt farmers and factory workers but also with notable thinkers and artists. At various times the SP's card-carrying members included Margaret Sanger, Walter Lippmann, John Dewey, W. E. B. Du Bois, Jack London, Carl Sandburg, Theodore Dreiser, Helen Keller, Eugene O’Neill, Isadora Duncan, Clarence Darrow, and Charlie Chaplin. Chapters of the Intercollegiate Socialist Society sprouted on dozens of campuses, although few sons and daughters of the working class could yet afford to attend...

Secretaries of Department of Labor

Secretaries of Department of Labor   Reference library

James G. Cassedy

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Business, Labor, and Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management, Economics
Length:
2,265 words

...introduced a bill to merge the Departments of Commerce and Labor into one department, to be called the Department of Commerce and the Workforce. The idea had a precedent: between 1903 and 1913 a joint Department of Commerce and Labor existed. Oscar S. Straus, who served as Theodore Roosevelt's secretary of commerce and labor, justified the cabinet's addressing commerce and labor with one department by giving an argument that subsequently became a standard one for Republican-appointed secretaries of labor: “Labor and capital were two arms of industry, the...

Wartime Economic Regulation

Wartime Economic Regulation   Reference library

Joseph A. McCartin

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Business, Labor, and Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management, Economics
Length:
3,088 words

...action by the federal government. Federal regulation expanded so quickly in 1917–1918 because it built on the momentum of previous Progressive Era reforms. During the war, federal regulation in areas already affected by legislation enacted during the administrations of Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson increased dramatically, yet in a way that also bore another characteristic of the Progressive Era: reformers preferred voluntarist solutions to problems and turned to government regulation only when voluntarism proved unable to provide results. The War...

Agriculture

Agriculture   Reference library

Russell R. Menard, Stephanie A. Carpenter, Ginette Aley, David E. Conrad, and Patrick M. Dixon

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Business, Labor, and Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management, Economics
Length:
7,222 words

...Rural America ( 1995 ), farm men and women seemed out of step with an industrialized society and thus represented a problem to be studied. Once seen as the backbone of American society, rural America and its institutions now appeared more like a backwater. In 1908 , President Theodore Roosevelt appointed the Country Life Commission to propose ways to improve rural life and keep young people from leaving the farm. The commission's 1909 report identified substandard schools, poor roads, inadequate communication, and social isolation as significant problems in...

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