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Richard Theodore Ely

Subject: Philosophy

(1854–1943)

Richard T. Ely was born on 13 April 1854 in Ripley, New York, and died on 4 October 1943 in Old Lyme, Connecticut. He grew up in Fredonia in ...

Campaign Finance Reform

Campaign Finance Reform   Reference library

R. Sam Garrett

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
1,703 words

...It does not necessarily represent the views of the Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, or any other institution with which the author is affiliated.>] [ see also Elections, Election Law ; Elections, Presidential Elections ; Nixon, Richard M. ; Obama, Barack ; and Roosevelt, Theodore . ] Bibliography Corrado, Anthony, et al. The New Campaign Finance Sourcebook . Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press, 2005. Garrett, R. Sam. The State of Campaign Finance Policy: Recent Developments and Issues . Washington, D.C.: Congressional...

Censorship

Censorship   Reference library

Francis G. Couvares and Paul S. Boyer

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
1,323 words

...The ACLU–Holmes–Chafee approach insisted that the First Amendment was meant primarily to serve the social good, by assuring a hearing for unpopular political views, not to protect individual liberty. This approach gave short shrift to traditional libertarianism, represented by Theodore Schroeder of the National Free Speech League, for example, which insisted on the individual’s freedom of expression, political, sexual, or otherwise. In a tactically shrewd move, Progressive Era intellectuals offered their socially based argument for free speech in an era not...

PRESIDENCY, THE

PRESIDENCY, THE  

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

... Eight vice presidents have succeeded to the presidency upon the death or assassination of the president: John Tyler ( 1841 ), Millard Fillmore ( 1850 ), Andrew Johnson ( 1865 ), Chester A. Arthur ( 1881 ), Theodore Roosevelt ( 1901 ), Calvin Coolidge ( 1923 ), Harry S. Truman ( 1945 ), and Lyndon B. Johnson ( 1963 ). When Richard M. Nixon resigned in the wake of the Watergate scandal—the first resignation in the history of the office—he was succeeded by Gerald Ford ( 1974 ). Ford in 1973 in accordance with the Twenty-fifth Amendment had...

Political Realignment

Political Realignment   Reference library

Theodore Rosenof

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
1,609 words

...William J. ; Nixon, Richard M. ; Party System ; Reagan, Ronald ; and Truman, Harry S . ] Bibliography Campbell, James E. “ Party Systems and Realignments in the United States, 1868–2004. ” Social Science History 30 (2006): 359–386. Mayhew, David R. Electoral Realignments: A Critique of an American Genre . New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2002. Paulson, Arthur. Electoral Realignment and the Outlook for American Democracy . Boston; Hanover: Northeastern University Press; University Press of England, 2007. Rosenof, Theodore. Realignment: The...

PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS

PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS  

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

...John E. Adams vs. Jefferson: The Tumultuous Election of 1800s . Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2004. Lawrence, David G. The Collapse and Fall of the Democratic Presidential Majority: Realignment, Dealignment, and Electoral Change From Franklin Roosevelt to Bill Clinton . New York: Westview Press, 1997. Lichtman, Allan J. The Keys to the White House . Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 2008. Stebenne, David L. Modern Republican: Arthur Larson and the Eisenhower Years . Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2006. White, Theodore. The...

Third Parties

Third Parties   Reference library

Ronald B. Rapoport

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
3,220 words

...3 percent of the vote. On the other hand, the most successful third party since the Civil War, Theodore Roosevelt ’s Bull-Moose Party, which was a close second to the Democrats in 1912 , barely existed four years later. Third parties have very different sources. At one end of a spectrum, parties may emerge from preexisting interest groups, like the antiabortion Right to Life Party. At the opposite end of the spectrum we find the parties of Ross Perot , Theodore Roosevelt , John Anderson , and George Wallace , in which the party revolves around the...

Senate

Senate   Reference library

Wendy Wolff and Pearson Bramblett

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
2,874 words

...; New Deal ; Nixon, Richard M. ; Presidential Impeachment ; Political Parties ; Roosevelt, Franklin Delano ; Roosevelt, Theodore ; Slavery, Laws ; Supreme Court, U.S. ; Teapot Dome Scandal ; War Powers Act ; Watergate ; Webster, Daniel ; and Wilson, Woodrow . ] Bibliography Bacon, Donald, Roger Davidson, and Morton Keller, eds. The Encyclopedia of the United States Congress , 4 vols. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995. Baker, Richard A. The Senate of the United States: A Bicentennial History . Malabar, Fla.: R. E. Krieger, 1988. Byrd, Robert...

Populist Era

Populist Era   Reference library

Wayne Flynt

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
2,243 words

...Populism as a reactionary phenomenon, a last stand for agrarian values before the juggernaut of modernization. Richard Hofstadter , in his influential Age of Reform ( 1955 ), viewed the Populists as deluded reactionaries who scapegoated Jewish bankers and big-city immigrants, oversimplified complicated economic issues, and romanticized an idealized past of self-sufficient yeomanry. Certainly Populism had a darker side. One leader, Thomas E. Watson ( 1856 – 1922 ) of Georgia , soured by his foray into biracial agrarian protest, became a virulent...

Federal Government, Executive Branch

Federal Government, Executive Branch   Reference library

David K. Nichols, Richard C. Sawyer, Steven L. Rearden, Pearson Bramblett, Daniel J. Tichenor, David L. Herzberg, Daniel J. Tichenor, Joshua H. Mather, Henry F. Graff, Robert David Johnson, and Jesse Stiller

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
12,762 words

... Eight vice presidents have succeeded to the presidency upon the death or assassination of the president: John Tyler ( 1841 ), Millard Fillmore ( 1850 ), Andrew Johnson ( 1865 ), Chester A. Arthur ( 1881 ), Theodore Roosevelt ( 1901 ), Calvin Coolidge ( 1923 ), Harry S. Truman ( 1945 ), and Lyndon B. Johnson ( 1963 ). When Richard M. Nixon resigned in the wake of the Watergate scandal—the first resignation in the history of the office—he was succeeded by Gerald Ford ( 1974 ). Ford in 1973 in accordance with the Twenty-fifth Amendment had...

Due Process

Due Process   Reference library

Steve Sheppard, Thomas O. Sargentich, and Peter Charles Hoffer

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
5,507 words

...v. New York ; New Deal ; Privacy ; Rehnquist, William ; Roe v. Wade ; Roosevelt, Theodore ; Slaughterhouse Cases ; Stone, Harlan ; Supreme Court, U.S. ; and West Coast Hotel v. Parrish . ] Bibliography Friedman, Lawrence. The Republic of Choice, Law, Authority, and Culture . Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1990. Hovenkamp, Herbert. “ The Political Economy of Substantive Due Process. ” Stanford Law Review 40 (1988): 379–447. Nelson, William E. The Fourteenth Amendment . Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1988. Phillips,...

Elections

Elections   Reference library

J. Morgan Kousser, Alan Ware, Allan J. Lichtman, Charles A. Kromkowski, and Donald A. DeBats

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
14,415 words

...John E. Adams vs. Jefferson: The Tumultuous Election of 1800s . Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2004. Lawrence, David G. The Collapse and Fall of the Democratic Presidential Majority: Realignment, Dealignment, and Electoral Change From Franklin Roosevelt to Bill Clinton . New York: Westview Press, 1997. Lichtman, Allan J. The Keys to the White House . Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 2008. Stebenne, David L. Modern Republican: Arthur Larson and the Eisenhower Years . Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2006. White, Theodore. The...

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