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Richard Theodore Ely

Subject: Philosophy

(1854–1943)

Richard T. Ely was born on 13 April 1854 in Ripley, New York, and died on 4 October 1943 in Old Lyme, Connecticut. He grew up in Fredonia in ...

Ely, Richard Theodore

Ely, Richard Theodore (1854–1943)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
2,436 words

..., Richard Theodore ( 1854–1943 ) Richard T. Ely was born on 13 April 1854 in Ripley, New York, and died on 4 October 1943 in Old Lyme, Connecticut. He grew up in Fredonia in western New York, where his mother, a regional artist, taught at Fredonia Normal School. He first attended Dartmouth College and then Columbia University where he received his BA in 1876 and his MA in 1879 . He held a fellowship at Columbia during 1876–9 , which enabled him to study in Germany at Halle and Heidelberg universities. Although he originally intended to study...

Richard Theodore Ely

Richard Theodore Ely  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1854–1943)Richard T. Ely was born on 13 April 1854 in Ripley, New York, and died on 4 October 1943 in Old Lyme, Connecticut. He grew up in Fredonia in ...
WEISS, John

WEISS, John (1818–1879)   Reference library

David Puller

Dictionary of Early American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...our enemy: it is tempting the divine forbearance to the point where forgiveness ceases, and retribution for ourselves begins.” During this period Weiss also reflected on the transcendentalists. In 1864 , he published the official biography of Theodore PARKER entitled Life and Correspondence of Theodore Parker, Minister of the Twenty-Eighth Congregational Society, Boston . Although the work is not organized chronologically, it remains valuable to modern scholars because many of Weiss’ sources are now lost. In 1865 Weiss wrote a controversial review...

CALHOUN, John Caldwell

CALHOUN, John Caldwell (1782–1850)   Reference library

Brian E. Butler

Dictionary of Early American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...N.J., 1970). Current, Richard N. “ John C. Calhoun, Philosopher of Reaction ,” Antioch Review 3 (1943): 223–34. Current, Richard N. John C. Calhoun (New York, 1963). Dodd, William E. Statesmen of the Old South; or, From Radicalism to Conservative Revolt (New York, 1911). Drucker, Peter F. “ A Key to American Politics: Calhoun’s Pluralism ,” Review of Politics 10 (1948): 412–26. Eichert, Magdalen . “ John C. Calhoun’s Land Policy of Cession ,” South Carolina Historical Magazine 55 (1954): 198–209. Ellis, Richard E. The Union at Risk (New...

Présence Africaine

Présence Africaine   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Thought

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Philosophy
Length:
2,149 words

...noir ( 1934–1940 ), and Tropiques (co-founded by Aimé Césaire and René Ménil), Présence Africaine was born in 1947 on the initiative of Alioune Diop. It had prestigious godparents, such as L. S. Senghor, André Gide, Jean-Paul Sartre, Théodore Monod, Emmanuel Mounier, Albert Camus, Michel Leiris, and Richard Wright, and from the beginning it was situated at the universal level. André Gide wrote in the conclusion to his foreword for the first issue, “ Présence Africaine offers a vast program: to welcome everything bearing on the cause of blacks and...

HOOKER, Thomas

HOOKER, Thomas (1586–1647)   Reference library

Stephen A. Wilson

Dictionary of Early American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Bio, Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV Bozeman, Theodore D. The Precisionist Strain: Disciplinary Religion and Antinomian Backlash in Puritanism to 1638 (Chapel Hill, N.C., 2004). Bremer, Francis . The Puritan Experiment: New England Society from Bradford to Edwards (Hanover, N.H., 1995). Burnaby, John . Amor Dei: A Study of the Religion of St. Augustine. The Hulsean Lectures of 1938 (London, 1938). Bush, Sergeant, Jr. The Writings of Thomas Hooker: Spiritual Adventure in Two Worlds (Madison, Wisc., 1980). Bushman, Richard L. From Puritan to Yankee: Character...

Religion and Aesthetics

Religion and Aesthetics   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
6,852 words

...and New York, 1986. Harries, Richard . Art and the Beauty of God . London, 1993. Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich . Aesthetics: Lectures on Fine Art . 2 vols. Translated by T. M. Knox . Oxford, 1975. Kant, Immanuel . Critique of Judgment . Translated by Werner S. Pluhar . Indianapolis, 1987. Kristeller, Paul Oskar . The Modern System of the Arts. In Renaissance Thought II: Papers on Humanism and the Arts , pp. 163–227. New York, 1965. Van der Leeuw, Gerardus . Sacred and Profane Beauty: The Holy in Art . Translated by David E. Green . New York, 1963....

THOREAU, Henry David

THOREAU, Henry David (1817–1862)   Reference library

David Davis

Dictionary of Early American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... Henry Wadsworth Longfellow and other Harvard professors, he did gain a working knowledge of Virgil and Goethe, along with getting to know Emerson, all of whom would play a foundational role in shaping Thoreau’s thought. After graduating from Harvard, Thoreau joined Emerson, Theodore PARKER , Elizabeth PEABODY , and Margaret FULLER in the circle of New England intellectuals generally referred to as transcendentalists. The New England transcendentalists were concerned primarily with the practical and ethical implications of individual freedom....

Pre-Columbian Aesthetics

Pre-Columbian Aesthetics   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
4,933 words
Illustration(s):
2

.... Negara: The Theatre State in Nineteenth-Century Bali . Princeton, N.J., 1980. Gombrich, E. H. The Story of Art . (1950). 16th exp. ed. London, 1995. Gombrich, E. H. Art and Illusion: A Study in the Psychology of Pictoral Representation . (1960). 2d ed. Reprint, Princeton, N.J., 1969. Heidegger, Martin . The Origin of a Work of Art. In Philosophies of Art and Beauty: Selected Readings in Aesthetics from Plato to Heidegger , edited by Albert Hofstader and Richard Kuhns , pp. 650–703. Reprint, Chicago, 1976. Kant, Immanuel . Critique of Judgment ...

Aestheticism

Aestheticism   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
4,567 words

...coup d' état of 1851 and the disastrous Franco-Prussian War of 1870–1871 , constituted a separate line of development from the otherwise dominant German post-Kantian and English “moral-aesthetic sense” traditions nourishing the French Eclectic school of Victor Cousin and Théodore Jouffroy . With the collapse of democratic legitimacy in France, a bitter reaction arose against Anglo-German claims for the universality of the aesthetic sense and the civic role of art. In giving expression to their own disillusionment, Gautier, Baudelaire , Gustave...

Science and Aesthetics

Science and Aesthetics   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
4,988 words

.... Bibliography Einstein, Albert . Relativity: The Special and the General Theory: A Popular Exposition . Translated by Robert W. Lawson . Reprint, New York, 1961. Elgin, Catherine Z. Understanding: Art and Science. In Philosophy and the Arts , edited by Peter A. French , Theodore E. Uehling, Jr. , and Howard Wettstein , pp. 196–208. Midwest Studies in Philosophy, vol. 16. Notre Dame, Ind., 1991. Elgin, Catherine Z. Relocating Aesthetics . Revue Internationale de Philosophie 46 (1993): 171–186. Elgin, Catherine Z. Considered Judgment . Princeton,...

JOHNSON, Samuel

JOHNSON, Samuel (1696–1772)   Reference library

Stephen A. Wilson

Dictionary of Early American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... (Westport, Conn., 2004). Himmelfarb, Gertrude . The Roads to Modernity: The British, French and American Enlightenments (New York, 2004). Holifield, E. Brooks . Theology in America: Christian Thought from the Age of the Puritans to the Civil War (New Haven, Conn., 2003). Hoeveler, J. David . Creating the American Mind: Intellect and Politics in the Colonial Colleges (New York, 2002). Hornberger, Theodore . “ Samuel Johnson of Yale and King’s College: A Note on the Relation of Science and Religion in Provincial America ,” New England Quarterly 8 (1935):...

Metaphor

Metaphor   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
14,764 words
Illustration(s):
1

...ed., edited by Andrew Ortony , pp. 92–123. Cambridge and New York, 1993. Stern, Josef . Metaphor as Demonstrative . Journal of Philosophy 82.12 (December 1985): 677–710. Stern, Josef . What Metaphors Do Not Mean. In Philosophy and the Arts , edited by Peter A. French , Theodore E. Uehling, Jr. , and Howard K. Wettstein , pp. 13–52. Midwest Studies in Philosophy, vol. 16. Notre Dame, Ind., 1991. Tirrell, Lynne . Extending: The Structure of Metaphor . Noûs 23.1 (March 1989): 17–34. Tversky, Amos . Features of Similarity . Psychological Review 84.3...

Art Market

Art Market   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
6,524 words

...of Taste . Translated by Richard Nice . Cambridge, Mass., 1984. Bourdieu, Pierre . The Field of Cultural Production: Essays on Art and Literature . Edited by Randal Johnson . New York, 1993. Crane, Diana . The Transformation of the Avant-Garde: The New York Art World, 1940–1985 . Chicago, 1987. Crow, Thomas E. Painters and Public Life in Eighteenth-Century Paris . New Haven, 1985. FitzGerald, Michael C. Making Modernism: Picasso and the Creation of the Market for Twentieth-Century Art . New York, 1995. Goldthwaite, Richard A. Wealth and the Demand...

Artist

Artist   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
9,305 words
Illustration(s):
2

...Labor Market . Cambridge, Mass., 1983. Becker, Howard S. Art Worlds . Berkeley, 1982. Bikel, Theodore . In Labor Relations and the Arts , edited by Joan Jeffri . Special issue of Journal of Arts Management and Law 16, (Spring 1986). Csikszentmihalyi, Mihalyi , Jacob Getzels , and Stephen P. Kahn . Talent and Achievement. Unpublished report. Chicago, 1984. Gardner, Howard . Multiple Intelligences: The Theory in Practice . New York, 1993. Hall, Richard H. , ed. Dimensions of Work . Beverly Hills, Calif., 1986. Irjala, Auli , ed. European Symposium...

Japanese Aesthetics

Japanese Aesthetics   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
9,086 words
Illustration(s):
1

...shed light on both the nature and the limitations of Western aesthetic theories and concepts for explaining the rich and diverse content of human aesthetic experience. See also Appreciation ; and Gardens , article on Gardens as Art . Bibliography Primary Sources de Bary, Wm. Theodore , Ryusaku Tsunoda , and Donald Keene , eds. Sources of Japanese Tradition . 2 vols. New York, 1964. Dōgen . Shōbōgenzō: Zen Essays by Dōgen (1231–1253). Translated by Thomas Cleary . Honolulu, 1986. Fujiwara, Teika . Maigetsushō (c.1219). In The Theory of Beauty in the...

Heidegger, Martin

Heidegger, Martin   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
14,545 words

...of truth. Bibliography Works by Heidegger Heidegger, Martin Prolegomena zur Geschichte des Zeitbegriffs (Marburg lectures, summer 1925). In Gesamtausgabe, vol. 20, edited by Petra Jaeger . Frankfurt am Main, 1979. Translated as History of the Concept of Time: Prolegomena by Theodore Kisiel (Bloomington, Ind., 1985). Heidegger, Martin Grundprobleme der Phänomenologie (Marburg lectures, summer 1927). In Gesamtausgabe, vol. 24, edited by Friedrich-Wilhelm von Hermann . Frankfurt am Main, 1975. Translated as The Basic Problems of Phenomenology by Albert...

Law and Art

Law and Art   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
20,698 words
Illustration(s):
1

...and sometimes pursue, prosecutions of creative works, much as they used these laws earlier in the century to exclude James Joyce 's Ulysses from being imported into the United States, and to suppress works by major authors ranging from Aristophanes, Chaucer, and Boccaccio to Theodore Dreiser, Ernest Hemingway , William Faulkner , Edmund Wilson , D. H. Lawrence , Ralph Ellison , Walt Whitman , and many others. Art prosecuted for obscenity as recently as the 1990s has included a museum retrospective of works by the acclaimed photographer Robert...

Kant, Immanuel

Kant, Immanuel   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
34,110 words

...Reconstructions: The Seminal Writings of Lessing, Kant, and Schiller . Aristotelian Society Series, vol. 8. Oxford and New York, 1987. Savile, Anthony . Kantian Aesthetics Pursued . Edinburgh, 1993. Schaper, Eva . Studies in Kant's Aesthetics . Edinburgh, 1979. Uehling, Theodore E., Jr. The Notion of Form in Kant's Critique of Aesthetic Judgment . De Proprietatibus Litterarum, Series Minor 5. The Hague, 1971. Zammito, John H. The Genesis of Kant's Critique of Judgment . Chicago, 1992. Paul Guyer Kant on Beauty Immanuel Kant characterizes beauty in...

Icon

Icon   Reference library

Victor V. Bychkov and Oleg V. Bychkov

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
2,165 words
Illustration(s):
1

...and the ninth centuries was the strongest and most enduring. In Byzantium, the main contributions to the theory of the icon were made by Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite, John of Damascus, the church fathers of the Seventh Ecumenical Council (787), the patriarch Nikephoros, and Theodore of Stoudios. In medieval Rus, their ideas were eagerly received and interpreted (sometimes in quite opposite ways) by Iosif Volotsky, Maxim Grek, Zinovij Otensky, the hegumen Artemij, the participants of the church councils of 1551 (Stoglav) and 1554 , the deacon Ivan...

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