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Richard Theodore Ely

Subject: Philosophy

(1854–1943)

Richard T. Ely was born on 13 April 1854 in Ripley, New York, and died on 4 October 1943 in Old Lyme, Connecticut. He grew up in Fredonia in ...

Oedipus rex

Oedipus rex   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
1,235 words

...their effect was the opposite of illuminating: they added yet another layer of stiff distancing from the action, which had already been paralysed by Stravinsky's insistence that the main characters behave like statues. (A frieze‐like set, drawn by the composer's artist son Théodore , is prescribed in the published score.) While the effect of this procedure has been compared to that of Brecht's ‘epic theatre’, it seems more likely beholden to older Russian‐symbolist notions of art as harbinger of a new mythological age and conveyor of spiritual community....

Royal Shakespeare Company

Royal Shakespeare Company   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
1,925 words

... and Theodore Komissarzhevsky , whose production of King Lear ( 1936 , with Randal Ayrton in the lead) was one of the outstanding successes of the decade. Barry Jackson in the 1940s tried to introduce new ideas and brought from Birmingham the exciting young partnership of director Peter Brook and actor Paul Scofield . Anthony Quayle took over in 1948 and was joined in 1953 by Glen Byam Shaw . Together they brought international as well as national recognition through a series of star performances by the likes of Peggy Ashcroft , Richard...

experimental theatre

experimental theatre   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,040 words

...Radical Style (1971) Roselee Goldberg , Performance Art: From Futurism to the Present (1988) Michael Kirby , Happenings (1965) — The Art of Time: Essays on the Avant-Garde (1969) Bonnie Marranca , Theater of Images (1977) James Roose-Evans , Experimental Theatre 1981) Theodore Shank , American Alternative Theatre ...

Chekhov, Anton

Chekhov, Anton (17 Jan. 1860)   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,663 words

...have all been emphasized, and the plays are generally seen as optimistic. British Chekhov for many years assumed both tragedy and naturalism, and, in a ‘naturalization’ process, developed an alien, nostalgic approach. Perhaps the most ‘culpable’ of directors was the émigré Theodore Komissarzhevsky , whose famous productions in London between 1925 and 1936 harnessed the talents of John Gielgud , Charles Laughton , Peggy Ashcroft and Edith Evans , and yet sentimentalized and romanticized the plays on the grounds that ‘the English public always...

Folk Dance History

Folk Dance History   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
7,532 words

...of divertisement [ sic ].” Several French scholars of the mid-nineteenth-century studied the contemporary performance of ballads in different French provinces and observed how they were sung to accompany group dancing. Théodore Hersart La Villemarqué noted how, in Brittany, verses were improvised while dancing. Jérôme Bujeaud and Théodore de Puymaigre wrote about the close relationship between the dancing and ballad texts. These accounts, and similar ones offered by scholars in many parts of Europe, were tremendously influential and fueled the debates...

England

England   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
4,532 words

...Ashcroft , Ralph Richardson , Laurence Olivier , Michael Redgrave . Designers such as Motley and Tanya Moisewitch took their craft in new directions alongside increasingly powerful directors like Tyrone Guthrie . European ideas remained potent through directors like Theodore Kommissarzhevsky and Michel Saint-Denis , whose work at the London Theatre School was to be highly influential if little publicized. In 1929 the union Actors' Equity was founded, just over a decade after the Actors' Association had become a trade union. It joined the ranks...

Great Britain

Great Britain   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
31,844 words

...1978): 208–209. Chapman, John V. British Ballet Criticism in London, 1785–1850. In Dance Spectrum , edited by Diana Theodores Taplin . Waterloo, Ont., 1982. Chapman, John V. The Lot of the Dancer: London, 1830–1831. In Proceedings of the Tenth Annual Conference, Society of Dance History Scholars, University of California, Irvine, 13–15 February 1987 , compiled by Christena L. Schlundt . Riverside, Calif., 1987. Fenner, Theodore . Ballet in Early Nineteenth-Century London as Seen by Leigh Hunt and Henry Robertson . Dance Chronicle 1.2 (1978):...

Ballet Technique, History of

Ballet Technique, History of   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
6,649 words

.... The Dancing Times (March 1978): 334–335. Costa, Giacomo . Saggio analitico-pratico intorno all'arte della danza per uso di civile conversazione . Turin, 1831. Encyclopédie méthodique: Arts académiques, équitation, escrime, danse, et art de nager . Paris, 1786. Fenner, Theodore . Ballet in Early Nineteenth-Century London as Seen by Leigh Hunt and Henry Robertson . Dance Chronicle 1.2 (1978): 75–95. Flindt, Vivi , and Knud Arne Jürgensen . Bournonville Ballet Technique . London, 1992. Gallini, Giovanni . Critical Observations on the Art of...

Fuller, Loie

Fuller, Loie (22 January 1862)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
4,329 words

..., Fernand Sigismond Bach, Jean de Paléologue , Jules Chéret , George de Feur, and numerous others created lithograph posters of Fuller, and she was sculpted by such artists as Pierre Roche , François-Raoul Larche , François Rupert Carabin , Eugène Carrière , Théodore Rivière , and Henri Levasseur . Popular images of Fuller abounded: there were dresses, perfumes, scarves, bonnets, vases, lamps, toys, and stoves à la Loïe. Parisian stages blossomed with flotillas of imitators and parodies, including a performing circus dog and a lion-tamer...

Bolshoi Ballet

Bolshoi Ballet   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
5,171 words

...wrote that her dancing conveyed what was rarely encountered in ballet—an idea. They pointed out that, in contrast to Marie Taglioni , Sankovskaya lent a lively play of earthy passions to her fantasy characters. Other Bolshoi stars in the mid-nineteenth century included Théodore Guerinot, Nikita Peshkov , Yrca Mathias , Konstantin Bogdanov , Tatiana Karpakova , and Fedor Manokhin . Thus began Moscow's theatrical dynasties: the Bogdanovs, Karpakovs, and Manokhins; later the Yrmolovs and the Domashovs. Fanny Elssler toured Russia twice between ...

Photography

Photography   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
6,510 words

...performing, cakewalks, can-cans, and “animal dances.” The most astonishing sights are casually framed together; conversely, certain natural qualities, especially indications of speed or wind or gravitational force, look almost surreal. Even a century later, the photographs of Théodore Rivére from the 1890s of Loie Fuller rehearsing outdoors, with her frothy bolts of China silk roiling upward into the sunny sky, retain some of the magic that the dancer bestowed on her audiences. A similar quality also clings to the most important photograph we have of ...

Artists and Dance

Artists and Dance   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
11,431 words

...pictures. Mondrian's art derived at least in part from his love of jazz, social dancing, and modern music. Indeed, for Mondrian, Palucca's 1926 canvas was a preparatory step toward his climactic works, such as Foxtrot A ( 1930 ) and Victory Boogie Woogie ( 1943/44 ). Theodore van Doesburg , Mondrian's erstwhile associate in de Stijl (Dutch for “the Style,” an abstract art movement founded in the Netherlands in 1917 ), shared Mondrian's fascination with the dance. The angular, disciplined movements of exotic dancers provided him with a point of...

United States of America

United States of America   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
45,715 words

...Seven Veils,” an erotic solo that was widely parodied in the commercial theater, caused such a furor that Richard Strauss 's Salomé was taken out of the Metropolitan repertory until 1934 . Audiences also got their first glimpse of Russian classicism at the Met. Anna Pavlova, partnered by Mikhail Mordkin, made her American debut there on 28 February 1910 . During the next season, Gertrude Hoffman presented a Russian ballet ensemble headed by Theodore Koslov and Maria Baldina . Spectators’ standards for technical execution rose considerably. The second...

Indonesia

Indonesia   Reference library

Garrett Kam

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
23,884 words

...(before the 1950s) and Cornell University Press. Among the most prolific writers are I Madé Bandem ( Kaja and Kelod: Balinese Dance in Transition , 1981 , with Fredrik Eugene de Boer); Claire Holt ( Dance Quest in Celebes , 1939 ); Theodore Bernard van Lelyveld ( De Javaansche Danskunst , Art of Javanese Dance, 1931 ; Theodore G. Th. Pigeaud ( Javaanse Volksvertoningen, Javanese Folk Performances , 1938 , and Java in the 14th Century: A Study in Cultural History , 5 volumes, 1960–1963 ); Soedarsono ( Djawa dan Bali: Dua pusat perkembangan drama tari...

France

France   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
16,215 words

...for certificates of primary education at a school reserved for them. Madame Dominique , who had taught the elementary class since 1860 , succeeded Taglioni as the teacher of the classe de perfectionnement in 1872 , and was followed in turn by Zina Mérante ( née Richard), Madame Théodore, and Rosita Mauri . Carlotta Zambelli then reigned over the classe de perfectionnement until her retirement. Albert Aveline directed the school until 1950 . Among his successors were Harald Lander and Geneviève Guillot . In 1960 the school was reorganized to...

Asian Dance Traditions

Asian Dance Traditions   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
17,255 words

...Lelyveld, Theodore B. van . De javaansche danskunst . Amsterdam, 1931. Le May, Reginald . The Culture of South-East Asia . London, 1954. Maceda, José , et al. Philippines. In The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians . London, 1980. McPhee, Colin . Dance in Bali (1948). In Traditional Balinese Culture , edited by Jane Belo . New York, 1970. Mershon, Katharane E. Seven Plus Seven: Mysterious Life-Rituals in Bali . New York, 1971. Miettinen, Jukka O. Classical Dance and Theatre in South-East Asia . New York, 1992. Miller, Terry E. Laos. In ...

The Two Gentlemen of Verona

The Two Gentlemen of Verona   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Will Sharpe, and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,682 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...in the British public’s imagination. In theatrical circles the play even acquired the derisive nickname ‘The Walking Gentlemen’ (‘walking gentleman’ is stock-company slang for a wholly undistinguished minor male role). The play was more popular with French and German audiences (Theodore Fontane, seeing Phelps’s revival, had clamoured for a Berlin production as early as 1857 ), enjoying a major production at the Odéon in 1902 , and proving immensely popular in Weimar Germany in Hans Rothe ’s free translation ( 1933 ): it has held the stage in Europe since the...

Oxford Playhouse

Oxford Playhouse  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A converted hall known as the ‘Big Game’ Museum on the outskirts of Oxford was opened as a theatre in 1923 by James Fagan, with the first British performance outside ...
Henry Cabot Lodge

Henry Cabot Lodge  

(1850–1924)US statesman and Republican senator (1893–1924).Lodge was born into a wealthy family in Boston and graduated from Harvard in 1874 with a degree in law. Admitted to the bar in 1876, he ...
Edith Evans

Edith Evans  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1888–1976)English actress; made DBE in 1946. After beginning her career with William Poel and then touring with Ellen Terry, she established herself in the 1920s as a distinguished London ...

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