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Richard Theodore Ely

Subject: Philosophy

(1854–1943)

Richard T. Ely was born on 13 April 1854 in Ripley, New York, and died on 4 October 1943 in Old Lyme, Connecticut. He grew up in Fredonia in ...

The Two Gentlemen of Verona

The Two Gentlemen of Verona   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Will Sharpe, and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,682 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...in the British public’s imagination. In theatrical circles the play even acquired the derisive nickname ‘The Walking Gentlemen’ (‘walking gentleman’ is stock-company slang for a wholly undistinguished minor male role). The play was more popular with French and German audiences (Theodore Fontane, seeing Phelps’s revival, had clamoured for a Berlin production as early as 1857 ), enjoying a major production at the Odéon in 1902 , and proving immensely popular in Weimar Germany in Hans Rothe ’s free translation ( 1933 ): it has held the stage in Europe since the...

Oxford Playhouse

Oxford Playhouse  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A converted hall known as the ‘Big Game’ Museum on the outskirts of Oxford was opened as a theatre in 1923 by James Fagan, with the first British performance outside ...
Edith Evans

Edith Evans  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1888–1976)English actress; made DBE in 1946. After beginning her career with William Poel and then touring with Ellen Terry, she established herself in the 1920s as a distinguished London ...
Dame Peggy Ashcroft

Dame Peggy Ashcroft  

Reference type:
Overview Page
1907–1991)British actress. She was made a DBE in 1956.Born in Croydon, Ashcroft studied drama at the Central School of Dramatic Art and began her long and distinguished career playing Margaret in ...
Henry Cabot Lodge

Henry Cabot Lodge  

(1850–1924)US statesman and Republican senator (1893–1924).Lodge was born into a wealthy family in Boston and graduated from Harvard in 1874 with a degree in law. Admitted to the bar in 1876, he ...
ecology

ecology  

(ee-kol-ŏji)the study of the relationships between humans, plants and animals, and the environment.—ecologicaladj.—ecologistn.
West Side Story

West Side Story   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the American Musical

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Performing arts, Music
Length:
1,167 words
Illustration(s):
1

...as they tried to hide the anger and bitterness within them. Under Jerome Robins' direction and choreography, dance was used to explore feelings usually reserved for dialogue or song. The photo shows the replacement cast of the Broadway production with original cast member Lee Theodore (fourth from the right) as the tomboy Anybodys. (Photofest) The musical updating of Romeo and Juliet was a risky undertaking, mixing harsh drama with music and modern dance, and telling such a tragic tale in the form of a Broadway musical. Instead of an overture, the piece...

biblical plays

biblical plays   Reference library

Alexandra F. Johnston

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,187 words

...old traditions lasted into the seventeenth century, the medieval form of biblical drama did not survive the religious upheavals of the sixteenth century in the West. Alexandra F. Johnston Beadle, Richard (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Medieval English Theatre (Cambridge, 1994) Frank, Grace , The Medieval French Drama , 2nd edn. rev. (Oxford, 1967) Muir, Lynette E. , The Biblical Drama of Medieval Europe (Cambridge, 1995) Records of Early English Drama, records volumes (Toronto,...

Oedipus rex

Oedipus rex   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
1,235 words

...their effect was the opposite of illuminating: they added yet another layer of stiff distancing from the action, which had already been paralysed by Stravinsky's insistence that the main characters behave like statues. (A frieze‐like set, drawn by the composer's artist son Théodore , is prescribed in the published score.) While the effect of this procedure has been compared to that of Brecht's ‘epic theatre’, it seems more likely beholden to older Russian‐symbolist notions of art as harbinger of a new mythological age and conveyor of spiritual community....

Royal Shakespeare Company

Royal Shakespeare Company   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
1,925 words

... and Theodore Komissarzhevsky , whose production of King Lear ( 1936 , with Randal Ayrton in the lead) was one of the outstanding successes of the decade. Barry Jackson in the 1940s tried to introduce new ideas and brought from Birmingham the exciting young partnership of director Peter Brook and actor Paul Scofield . Anthony Quayle took over in 1948 and was joined in 1953 by Glen Byam Shaw . Together they brought international as well as national recognition through a series of star performances by the likes of Peggy Ashcroft , Richard...

twentieth- and twenty-first-century Shakespearian production

twentieth- and twenty-first-century Shakespearian production   Reference library

Dennis Kennedy, rev. Erin Sullivan

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...and Theodore Komisarjevsky who relied on the institutional theatres of the Old Vic and the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre in Stratford to insulate their work from the hit-or-flop acerbity of the commercial theatre. The regional repertory theatres, which had spread throughout Britain after the war, were often adventurous. Barry Jackson of the Birmingham Rep brought the first modern-dress Shakespeare to London ( Hamlet in 1925 ), while Terence Gray of the Cambridge Festival Theatre copied continental avant-garde methods in an expressionist Richard III ...

experimental theatre

experimental theatre   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,040 words

...Radical Style (1971) Roselee Goldberg , Performance Art: From Futurism to the Present (1988) Michael Kirby , Happenings (1965) — The Art of Time: Essays on the Avant-Garde (1969) Bonnie Marranca , Theater of Images (1977) James Roose-Evans , Experimental Theatre 1981) Theodore Shank , American Alternative Theatre ...

Chekhov, Anton

Chekhov, Anton (17 Jan. 1860)   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,663 words

...have all been emphasized, and the plays are generally seen as optimistic. British Chekhov for many years assumed both tragedy and naturalism, and, in a ‘naturalization’ process, developed an alien, nostalgic approach. Perhaps the most ‘culpable’ of directors was the émigré Theodore Komissarzhevsky , whose famous productions in London between 1925 and 1936 harnessed the talents of John Gielgud , Charles Laughton , Peggy Ashcroft and Edith Evans , and yet sentimentalized and romanticized the plays on the grounds that ‘the English public always...

Folk Dance History

Folk Dance History   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
7,532 words

...of divertisement [ sic ].” Several French scholars of the mid-nineteenth-century studied the contemporary performance of ballads in different French provinces and observed how they were sung to accompany group dancing. Théodore Hersart La Villemarqué noted how, in Brittany, verses were improvised while dancing. Jérôme Bujeaud and Théodore de Puymaigre wrote about the close relationship between the dancing and ballad texts. These accounts, and similar ones offered by scholars in many parts of Europe, were tremendously influential and fueled the debates...

England

England   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
4,532 words

...Ashcroft , Ralph Richardson , Laurence Olivier , Michael Redgrave . Designers such as Motley and Tanya Moisewitch took their craft in new directions alongside increasingly powerful directors like Tyrone Guthrie . European ideas remained potent through directors like Theodore Kommissarzhevsky and Michel Saint-Denis , whose work at the London Theatre School was to be highly influential if little publicized. In 1929 the union Actors' Equity was founded, just over a decade after the Actors' Association had become a trade union. It joined the ranks...

Great Britain

Great Britain   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
31,844 words

...1978): 208–209. Chapman, John V. British Ballet Criticism in London, 1785–1850. In Dance Spectrum , edited by Diana Theodores Taplin . Waterloo, Ont., 1982. Chapman, John V. The Lot of the Dancer: London, 1830–1831. In Proceedings of the Tenth Annual Conference, Society of Dance History Scholars, University of California, Irvine, 13–15 February 1987 , compiled by Christena L. Schlundt . Riverside, Calif., 1987. Fenner, Theodore . Ballet in Early Nineteenth-Century London as Seen by Leigh Hunt and Henry Robertson . Dance Chronicle 1.2 (1978):...

Ballet Technique, History of

Ballet Technique, History of   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
6,649 words

.... The Dancing Times (March 1978): 334–335. Costa, Giacomo . Saggio analitico-pratico intorno all'arte della danza per uso di civile conversazione . Turin, 1831. Encyclopédie méthodique: Arts académiques, équitation, escrime, danse, et art de nager . Paris, 1786. Fenner, Theodore . Ballet in Early Nineteenth-Century London as Seen by Leigh Hunt and Henry Robertson . Dance Chronicle 1.2 (1978): 75–95. Flindt, Vivi , and Knud Arne Jürgensen . Bournonville Ballet Technique . London, 1992. Gallini, Giovanni . Critical Observations on the Art of...

Bolshoi Ballet

Bolshoi Ballet   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
5,171 words

...wrote that her dancing conveyed what was rarely encountered in ballet—an idea. They pointed out that, in contrast to Marie Taglioni , Sankovskaya lent a lively play of earthy passions to her fantasy characters. Other Bolshoi stars in the mid-nineteenth century included Théodore Guerinot, Nikita Peshkov , Yrca Mathias , Konstantin Bogdanov , Tatiana Karpakova , and Fedor Manokhin . Thus began Moscow's theatrical dynasties: the Bogdanovs, Karpakovs, and Manokhins; later the Yrmolovs and the Domashovs. Fanny Elssler toured Russia twice between ...

Fuller, Loie

Fuller, Loie (22 January 1862)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
4,329 words

..., Fernand Sigismond Bach, Jean de Paléologue , Jules Chéret , George de Feur, and numerous others created lithograph posters of Fuller, and she was sculpted by such artists as Pierre Roche , François-Raoul Larche , François Rupert Carabin , Eugène Carrière , Théodore Rivière , and Henri Levasseur . Popular images of Fuller abounded: there were dresses, perfumes, scarves, bonnets, vases, lamps, toys, and stoves à la Loïe. Parisian stages blossomed with flotillas of imitators and parodies, including a performing circus dog and a lion-tamer...

Photography

Photography   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
6,510 words

...performing, cakewalks, can-cans, and “animal dances.” The most astonishing sights are casually framed together; conversely, certain natural qualities, especially indications of speed or wind or gravitational force, look almost surreal. Even a century later, the photographs of Théodore Rivére from the 1890s of Loie Fuller rehearsing outdoors, with her frothy bolts of China silk roiling upward into the sunny sky, retain some of the magic that the dancer bestowed on her audiences. A similar quality also clings to the most important photograph we have of ...

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