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Richard Theodore Ely

Subject: Philosophy

(1854–1943)

Richard T. Ely was born on 13 April 1854 in Ripley, New York, and died on 4 October 1943 in Old Lyme, Connecticut. He grew up in Fredonia in ...

Song of Songs

Song of Songs   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
466 words

...love-poetry in the vulgar tongue. It received a (versified) French translation in the 12th c.; 44 of St Bernard 's Sermones were also translated into French (second half of 12th c.). Meditations on the love of God made abundant use of them, e.g. those of the 14th-c. English mystics ( Richard Rolle ). J. Leclercq , Initiation aux auteurs monastiques du Moyen Âge , Paris, 1956. F. Ohly , Hohelied Studien , Wiesbaden, 1958. R. Herde , “ Das Hohelied in der lateinischen Literatur des Mittelalters ”, StMed , 3rd series, 8, 1967, 957-1073. P....

England

England   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
4,341 words
Illustration(s):
1

...The Appellants were motivated as much by their dislike of peace in France – perceived as Richard's own policy – as by other aspects of his government. Richard's revenge was long delayed but extreme. In 1397 the acts of the Merciless Parliament were annulled, proceedings instituted in Parliament against the earls of Arundel and Warwick , who had been Appellants, and the duke of Gloucester murdered, in all probability at Richard's instigation. Richard II 's actions in the last two years of his reign amounted to a tyranny, in that he ruled to a...

Exegesis of the Bible

Exegesis of the Bible   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
3,160 words

...a theological science were incorporated into exegesis, involving, together with the gloss and the sustained commentary, the birth of the quaestio , i.e. the development of a theme connected with the text commented on, but treated independently of it (notably in commentaries on the Pauline Epistles ). Among the important schools , that of Laon and that of Saint-Victor at Paris ( Hugh , Richard , Andrew ) held first place; the main Parisian masters of the end of the century ( Peter Comestor , Peter Cantor , Stephen Langton ) are grouped...

canon law

canon law  

The body of rules or laws developing gradually, imposed by church authority in matters of its own organization and discipline (extending also to matters of belief).
Proklos

Proklos (434)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
297 words

...Although Proklos does not name him, the Tome is directed against Theodore of Mopsuestia . Letter 4, which is preserved in a Latin fragment (PG 65:876f), contains the words “One of the Trinity was crucified according to the flesh,” a formula that was discussed in the 6th C. during the controversy over Theopaschitism . ed. PG 65:679–888. Theotokos sermon—ed. Schwartz , ACO , Tome 1, vol. 1, pt.1:103–07. Syriac tr., ed. E. Lucchesi in Antiquité païenne et chrétienne , ed. E. Lucchesi , H.D. Saffrey (Geneva 1984) 187–98. Tome —ed. Schwartz , ...

John of Damascus

John of Damascus (675)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
560 words

..., Die Bilderlehre des hl. Johannes von Damaskus (Münster i. V. 1938). V. Fazzo , Rifiuto delle icone e difesa cristologica nei discorsi di Giovanni Damasceno , VetChr 20 (1983) 25–45. A. Siclari , Il pensiero filosofico di Giovanni di Damasco nella critica , Aevum 51 (1977) 349–83. T.F.X. Noble , John Damascene and the History of the Iconoclastic Controversy, in Religion, Culture, and Society in the Early Middle Ages: Studies in Honor of Richard E. Sullivan (Kalamazoo 1987) 95–116. Alexander...

Cyprus

Cyprus   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
1,900 words
Illustration(s):
1

...in Cyprus in the Early Middle Ages , EKEE 9 (1977–79) 101–16. J. Richard , Une économie coloniale? Chypre et ses ressources agricoles au Moyen-Age , ByzF 5 (1977) 331–52. Idem , Culture franque et culture grecque: Le royaume de Chypre au XVème siècle , ByzF 11 (1987) 399–416. M.B. Efthimiou , Greeks and Latins on Thirteenth-Century Cyprus , GOrThR 20 (1975) 35–52. J. Hacket , Ch. I. Papaioannou , Historia tes orthodoxou ekklesias Kyprou , 3 vols. (Piraeus 1923–32). Timothy E. Gregory Monuments of Cyprus . Several large ecclesiastical complexes...

Byzantium, History of

Byzantium, History of   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
9,654 words
Illustration(s):
6

...by the rebel Isaac Komnenos , was later taken by Richard I Lionheart . The Angeloi emperors, Isaac II and Alexios III , failed to meet the many challenges that confronted them. Civilian aristocrats, displacing the military aristocracy of the Komnenoi, dissipated the empire's resources. Circa 1186 , the Bulgarians and Vlachs established the Second Bulgarian Empire, while the Serbs gained their independence. In addition to these ethnic movements, rebels appeared, striving for separatist regimes: Theodore Mankaphas at Philadelphia, Leo Sgouros of...

Rome

Rome   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
31,688 words
Illustration(s):
5

...Studi e documenti per la storia del Palazzo apostolico vaticano, v (Rome, 1984) C. Pietrangeli , ed.: Il palazzo apostolico vaticano (Florence, 1992) A. M. Voci : Nord o sud? Note per la storia del medioevale ‘Palatium Apostolicum apud Sanctum Petrum’ e delle sue cappelle (Rome, Vatican, 1992) C. L. Frommel : ‘I tre progetti bramanteschi per il Cortile del Belvedere’, Il Cortile delle Statue: Der Statuenhof des Belvedere im Vatikan: Akten des internationalen Kongresses zu Ehren von Richard Krautheimer: Rome, 1992 (Mainz, 1998), pp. 17–66 F. E....

Church

Church   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...The tendency towards frontal representation in the late 5th century and the 6th is evident in the mosaics in Hagios Georgios at Thessaloniki and the apse mosaic ( 526–30 ) in SS Cosma e Damiano, Rome. Later mosaics lack the realism of these representations; clothing becomes increasingly schematic and two-dimensional, as in the mosaic portraits of St Theodore in S Lorenzo fuori le mura ( 579–90 ) at Rome. Bibliography B. Brenk , ed.: Spätantike und frühes Christentum (Frankfurt am Main, 1977) F. W. Deichmann : Einführung in die christliche Archäologie...

Gothic sculpture

Gothic sculpture   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
48,101 words
Illustration(s):
3

...Soft style, for example an Entombment (Arc, St Martin), or show the influence of Brabant, such as on a St Nicholas Enthroned (ex-Théodore priv. col., Lille) from Péruwelz. Many influences were exerted on Hainault. The distribution of Calvary groups (e.g. Chièvres, St Martin) shows the paramount influence of Tournai in the north-west. Brabantine influence appeared elsewhere, especially after 1450 , in imported altarpieces (e.g. Renlies Church) and statues, such as a Virgin and Child (Soignies, St Vincent) and Christ Seated (Binche, cemetery chapel of St...

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