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Richard Theodore Ely

Subject: Philosophy

(1854–1943)

Richard T. Ely was born on 13 April 1854 in Ripley, New York, and died on 4 October 1943 in Old Lyme, Connecticut. He grew up in Fredonia in ...

Basilicas

Basilicas   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
1,257 words

...Jerusalem. Brown, Frank E. Roman Architecture . New York, 1976. Very clear, brief account of factors influencing Roman architects in planning buildings and cities. Grimal, Pierre . Roman Cities . Translated and edited with a descriptive catalog of Roman cities by G. Michael Woloch . Madison, Wis., 1983. Covers Roman cities in the West only. Hachlili, Rachel . “The Niche and the Ark in Ancient Synagogues.” Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research , no. 223 (1976): 43–53. Includes useful synagogue plans. Krautheimer, Richard , and Slobodan Curcic ....

Baptisteries

Baptisteries   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
1,429 words

...installations are known archaeologically, with the possible exception of the domus ecclesiae at Parentium, Istria. At least one other early church edifice in Rome (Ss. Giovnani e Paolo) was built around a building with a bath that might have been accessible to the Christians prior to the time of Constantine. At Aquileia, Istria, the first aula ecclesiae of Bishop Theodore ( c. 317–319 ) seems to have been built over a house complex that continued to be used as the episcopal residence. These quarters included a bath, which appears to have served in...

Malyan

Malyan   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
1,744 words
Illustration(s):
3

...86–92. Blackman, M. James. “The Mineralogical and Chemical Analysis of Banesh Period Ceramics from Tal-e Malyan, Iran.” In Scientific Studies in Ancient Ceramics , edited by M. J. Hughes , pp. 7–20. British Museum Occasional Paper, 19. London, 1981. Blackman, M. James . “The Manufacture and Use of Burned Lime Plaster at Proto-Elamite Anshan (Iran).” In Early Pyrotechnology: The Evolution of the First Fire Using Industries , edited by Theodore A. Wertime and Steven F. Wertime , pp. 107–115. Washington, D.C., 1982. Blackman, M. James. “Provenance...

Martyrion

Martyrion   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
2,273 words

...: Church of Mary Theotokos; octagonal martyrial structure with an apse projecting to the east, late fifth century (cf. Y. Magen, “The Church of Mary Theotokos on Mt. Gerizim,” in Tsafrir, 1993, pp. 83–89). Jordan Madaba : the so-called Cathedral Church, Chapel of the Martyr Theodore; rectangular chapel in the southwest corner of the building, dated 562 (cf. Michele Piccirillo, The Mosaics of Jordan , Amman, 1993, pp. 109–113–117). [See Madaba .] Mount Nebo, Siyagha peak : Memorial Church of Moses; triconch martyrial sanctuary, late fourth century (cf....

Legal History and Historiography in Colonial Sub-Saharan Africa

Legal History and Historiography in Colonial Sub-Saharan Africa   Reference library

Richard Waller

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Historiography: Methods and Sources

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Archaeology
Length:
13,363 words

...University Press, 2005); Richard Waller, “Bringing Murder to Court: The Death of Theodore Powys,” unpublished paper, 2017; and Charles van Onselen, “Who Killed Meyer Hasenfus? Organized Crime, Policing and Informing on the Witwatersrand, 1902–8,” History Workshop Journal 67 (2009): 1–22. 96. Conviction and acquittal rates are of comparative importance, as, in capital cases, is the proportion of sentences remitted by the executive (the prerogative of mercy delegated to governors). See Hynd, “Killing the Condemned.” Richard Waller 1. Bonny Ibhawoh, ...

Cult

Cult   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
5,924 words
Illustration(s):
3

...; cf. the Ugaritic “Aqhat,” where the heir is obliged “to set up a stela for his divine [dead] ancestor,” KTU 1.17 I 26). The heir may have cared for and fed the dead, as in Mesopotamia, although the exact nature of this activity has been the subject of vigorous debate (see Theodore J. Lewis , Cults of the Dead in Ancient Israel and Ugarit , Atlanta, 1989 , for a discussion). It seems clear that the dead were deified, even in Israel ( 1 Sm . 28:13 and possibly Is. 8:19 ), but the exact nature of their “divine” status remains unclear. Ugaritic pantheon...

Travelers’ Accounts as Sources

Travelers’ Accounts as Sources   Reference library

Adam Jones

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Historiography: Methods and Sources

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Archaeology
Length:
7,053 words
Illustration(s):
3

...text and sketches both during his lifetime and after his death, in order, as Dorothy Helly puts it, to “enhance the image of the gentle missionary and martyr to the British civilizing mission.” 16 To take just one more example: the bestselling memoirs of the former slave trader Theodore Canot, alias Theophilus Conneau, first published in 1854 , were written for him by a journalist, Brantz Mayer, who rewrote almost every word and incorporated a large amount of other material from published sources. 17 In all such cases we need to try to distinguish between...

Egyptian Aramaic Texts

Egyptian Aramaic Texts   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
12,108 words

...109 B.3.e.27 3. Cairo JE 54158; Jéquier Ceramic South Saqqara; 1929–1930 Aimé-Giron 111b (see Aimé-Giron 111a) B.3.e.27 4. Cairo JE 54159; Jéquier Ceramic; inscribed on convex South Saqqara; 1929–1930 Aimé-Giron 105 B.3.e.27 5. Cairo JE 54160; Jéquier Ceramic South Saqqara; 1929–1930 Aimé-Giron 112b (see Aimé-Giron 112a) B.3.e.27 6. Cairo JE 54161; Jéquier Ceramic South Saqqara; 1929–1930 Aimé-Giron 110b (see Aimé-Giron 110a) B.3.e.27 7. Cairo JE 55033; Jéquier Limestone South Saqqara; 1929–1930 Aimé-Giron 102 (see Aimé-Giron 96, 108) B.3.e.27 8. Lost;...

History and Historiography of Science

History and Historiography of Science   Reference library

Helen Tilley

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Historiography: Methods and Sources

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Archaeology
Length:
21,611 words

...Oliver quoted in Helen Tilley, Africa as a Living Laboratory , 247, and chapter 5, “A Racial Laboratory.” 92. There is a vast literature on colonial rule and education in Kenya as well as Gikuyu/Kikuyu groups; for one intervention that highlights the fight over pedagogy, see Theodore Natsoulas, “The Kenyan Government and the Kikuyu Independent Schools: From Attempted Control to Suppression, 1929–1952,” Historian 60 (1998): 289–305; and for a study of literacy and cultural knowledge production, see Derek Petersen, Creative Writing: Translation,...

History of the Field

History of the Field   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
40,352 words

...Excavations were resumed on Bahrain in 1889 by Mr. and Mrs. Theodore Bent ; in 1903 by the Belgian scholar Arnold Jouannin ; in 1906 by Francis B. Prideaux ; from 1921 to 1926 by Clive Kirkpatrick Daly ; and in 1925 by Ernest J. H. Mackay . [See Bahrain ; Thaj .] The renowned British Arabist Harry St. John B. Philby collected stone tools in eastern Saudi Arabia, near the border with Qatar, in 1931 , just as the British political agent at Kuwait, Harold Richard Patrick Dickson did in the Wadi al-Batin of western Kuwait in 1935 . ...

Ceramics

Ceramics   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
21,461 words
Illustration(s):
20

...49 (1987): 199–230. Convincing new analysis of the relative chronology of Ninevite 5 pottery. Vandiver, Pamela B. “Mid-Second Millennium B.C. Soda-Lime-Silicate Technology at Nuzi (Iraq).” In Early Pyrotechnology: The Evolution of the First Fire-Using Industries , edited by Theodore A. Wertime and Steven F. Wertime , pp. 73–92. Washington, D.C., 1982. Presentation of the evidence for glass technology at Nuzi, including the early glazed ceramics. Wilson, Karen L. “Nippur: The Definition of a Mesopotamian Gamdat Nasr Assemblage.” In Gamdat Nasr: Period or...

Henry Cabot Lodge

Henry Cabot Lodge  

(1850–1924)US statesman and Republican senator (1893–1924).Lodge was born into a wealthy family in Boston and graduated from Harvard in 1874 with a degree in law. Admitted to the bar in 1876, he ...
ecology

ecology  

(ee-kol-ŏji)the study of the relationships between humans, plants and animals, and the environment.—ecologicaladj.—ecologistn.
Zooarchaeology

Zooarchaeology   Reference library

Elizabeth J. Reitz

The Oxford Companion To Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
1,180 words

...ecological interpretations, and multidisciplinary research. Theodore E. White influenced zooarchaeology through a series of articles in American Antiquity beginning in 1952. These introduced many zooarchaeologists to methods and interpretations that are fundamental today, such as the quantitative method known as the “minimum number of individuals” (MNI) and the importance of analyzing butchering techniques. Frederik E. Zeuner’s A History of Domesticated Animals (1963) and Raymond E. Chaplin’s The Study of Animal Bones from Archaeological Sites ...

Music and Dance, Bronze and Iron Age

Music and Dance, Bronze and Iron Age   Reference library

Theodore W. Burgh

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Archaeology, Religion
Length:
4,641 words

...[ See also Ashdod ; Beth-Shean, Bronze and Iron Age ; Gezer ; Hazor ; Megiddo ; and Tell el-Farʿah (N) . ] Bibliography Braun, Joachim . Music in Ancient Israel/Palestine: Archaeological, Written, and Comparative Sources . Winona Lake, Ind.: Eerdmans, 2002. Burgh, Theodore . Listening to the Artifacts . New York: T&T Clark, 2006. Collon, Dominique . “Dance in Ancient Mesopotamia.” Near Eastern Archaeology 3 (2003): 96–102. Duchesne-Guillemin, Marcelle . “Music in Mesopotamia and Egypt.” World Archaeology 3 (1981): 287–297. Finn, Christine ....

Feasting, Bronze and Iron Age

Feasting, Bronze and Iron Age   Reference library

Jacob L. Wright and Michael J. Chan

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Archaeology, Religion
Length:
6,052 words

...the 1993 Meeting of the Archaeological Institute of America in Washington D.C ., edited by Sarah J. Vaughan and William D. E. Coulson , pp. 55–63. Oxford: Oxbow Books, 2000. Houston, Walter . “Rejoicing before the Lord: The Function of the Festal Gathering in Deuteronomy.” In Feasts and Festivals , edited by C. M. Tuckett , pp. 1–14. Contributions to Biblical Exegesis and Theology 53. Louvain, Belgium: Peeters, 2009. Lewis, Theodore J. Cults of the Dead in Ancient Israel and Ugarit . Harvard Semitic Monographs 39. Atlanta, Ga.: Scholars Press, 1989....

Human Evolution, Theories of

Human Evolution, Theories of   Reference library

Richard G. Delisle, Peter Andrews, Leslie C. Aiello, Melanie Lee Chang, Susan Cachel, Nicholas Toth, Kathy Schick, and Melanie Lee Chang

The Oxford Companion To Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
13,362 words

..., Archaic ; Human Remains, Analysis of ; Neanderthals . ] Delisle, Richard . Debating Humankind’s Place in Nature, 1860–2000: The Nature of Paleoanthropology , 2007. Klein, Richard. The Human Career: Human Biological and Cultural Origins , 3d ed., 2009. Lewin, Roger . Pattterns in Evolution: The New Molecular View , 1996. Schwartz, Jeffrey , and Ian Tattersall . The Human Fossil Record , 4 vols., 2002–2005. Wolpoff, Milford . Paleoanthropology , 2d ed., 1999. Richard G. Delisle Human Evolution, Theories of: Primate Ancestors of Humans Human...

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