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Pervez Musharraf

(1943– ) Pakistani general and statesman; President (2001–8). Musharraf was born in Delhi, but his family moved to Pakistan after the partition of India (1947). Joining the army ...

Musharraf, Pervez

Musharraf, Pervez (11 Aug. 1943)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
477 words

...Musharraf, Pervez (b. Delhi, India , 11 Aug. 1943 ) Leader of Pakistan 1999–2008 Born in Delhi, he was educated at Forman Christian College, Lahore, before joining the Pakistan Military Academy in 1961 . He visited the Royal College of Defence Studies in England, and in 1964 was commissioned to an artillery regiment as an officer. He rose through the army's ranks, and in 1993 became Director of the General Military Operations. He became a general in 1998 and became Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in 1999 . Musharraf overthrew the...

Pervez Musharraf

Pervez Musharraf  

(1943– )Pakistani general and statesman; President (2001–8). Musharraf was born in Delhi, but his family moved to Pakistan after the partition of India (1947). Joining the army in 1964, he rose to ...
Indo-Pakistan Conflict

Indo-Pakistan Conflict   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
1,223 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of underground shelters. Tensions between India and Pakistan remained high, and a full-scale war seemed a distinct possibility following the attack by six terrorists on the Indian parliament in New Delhi on 13 December 2001 . India blamed Pakistan. The Pakistani president Pervez Musharraf immediately condemned the attack. Nonetheless, the Indian army went on high alert all along the Pakistani border, and the Pakistani army responded in a similar manner. India recalled its High Commissioner to Islamabad on 21 December and cut travel links between India and...

Pakistan

Pakistan   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
4,685 words
Illustration(s):
1

...The prime minister blamed the army chief Pervez Musharraf ( b. 1943 ) for the war—the war that Benzir Bhutto called “Pakistan's greatest blunder,” a sentiment that many Pakistani officials agreed with. The war was a military and a strategic defeat that saw universal condemnation of Pakistan and praise for India for refusing to escalate the conflict by crossing the line of control. It also led to a sharp increase in military spending in India, to the further detriment of Pakistan's competitive stance. Musharraf's Coup. The Pakistani army was acutely...

Muslim League

Muslim League   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
1,300 words

...has been a feuding house of feudal lords at best, and the “kings' party”—a party loyal to the prevailing autocrat— at worst. All four army generals who ruled Pakistan— Muhammad Ayub Khan ( 1958–1969 ), Yahya Khan ( 1969–1971 ), Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq ( 1977–1988 ), and Pervez Musharraf ( 1998–  )—used the Muslim League in the name of Islam, Pakistan, and/or Jinnah to perpetuate military, bureaucratic, and feudal power in Pakistan. [ See also British Raj ; India ; Islam ; and Pakistan . ] Bibliography Ikram, S. M. Modern Muslim India and the Birth...

Kashmir

Kashmir   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
1,527 words

...killed, along with seven Indians; nearly twenty people were hospitalized. The attack bore similarities to a raid on the Kashmir state assembly on 1 October 2001 when thirty-eight people were killed. India blamed Pakistan for this latest attack. The Pakistani president Pervez Musharraf immediately condemned the attack, as did the All Parties Hurriyat Conference, an umbrella group of two dozen groups in Kashmir demanding self-determination for Kashmir. Nonetheless, the Indian army went on high alert all along the Pakistani border, and the Pakistani army...

Nuclear Weapons

Nuclear Weapons   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
4,906 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of mass destruction as justification for the invasion of Iraq, Qaddafi abandoned and revealed his secret program in December 2003 . Subsequently Iran was found to have built centrifuge plants modeled on Kahn's. These revelations forced the Pakistani president General Pervez Musharraf to remove Kahn from his post and later to place him under house arrest; Kahn was not, however, made available for international investigators, so the extent of his proliferation activities has not been definitively established. Nevertheless, nuclear-capable F-16 fighter...

21st century

21st century: 2000 - 2011  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...Phelps wins 8 gold medals, beating Mark Spitz's record of 7 in the 1972 games Spitz, Mark Andrew (1950– ) Who's Who in the Twentieth Century 1 Sports and games Asia China Society 2008 2008 Nine years after seizing power in a coup, Pervez Musharraf resigns as president of Pakistan under threat of impeachment Musharraf, Pervez (1943– ) A Dictionary of World History 2 Asia Pakistan 2008 2008 With troops now stationed in the breakaway Georgian provinces of South Ossetia and Abkhazia, Russia unilaterally recognizes both as independent republics Ossetia World...

1990s

1990s: 1990 - 1999  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...syndrome A Dictionary of Education 1 20th century Netherlands 1999 1999 The UN commits 6000 troops to a peace-keeping role in war-torn Sierra Leone Sierra Leone World Encyclopedia 1 20th century War Africa West Africa 1999 1999 A Pakistani general, Pervez Musharraf, takes power in a military coup Musharraf, Pervez (b. 11 Aug. 1943) A Dictionary of Contemporary World History 3 20th century Politics Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) Pakistan 1999 1999 The UN sends in KFOR (Kosovo Force) to supervise post-war recovery in Kosovo Kosovo A Dictionary of...

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