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Death and Burial in the Jewish Diaspora Reference library
Karen B. Stern
...(Horbury and Noy, 1992 , no. 14, p. 21). In Leontopolis (Tell-el-Yehudieh) the local necropolis contained tombs marked with menorahs and biblical names. Steps facilitated access to subterranean passageways leading to a square central chamber where loculus tombs were cut perpendicularly into the rock. Bricks were placed under the heads of many of the dead. Inscribed stelae crowned with pediments were also discovered inside the complex. Several local inscriptions, as well as those from Demerdash, included metrical elegiac poems conventional throughout the...
Capernaum Reference library
Stefano De Luca
...possesses good acoustic characteristics and could be the scene of Jesus’s preaching from the boat ( Mark 3:9 ). Farther to the northeast, Y. Stepansky has documented remains of an unusual dry stone structure, with a length of about 1,968.5 ft (600 m), from which extend, perpendicular to the coast, 44 irregular arms, 9.8 ft (3 m) distant from one another. These are interpretable as anchorages or, more likely, as the vivaria (fishponds or fish-traps) mentioned in the rabbinical literature under the name bibarim ( m. Beṣah 3:1). In the Byzantine and...
Beersheba Reference library
...chambers and repeatedly reconstructed. The general course of the streets did not change essentially through all four strata and are dominated by an inner and an outer peripheral alley parallel to the fortification wall and along the elevation lines. Radial streets running perpendicular to the peripheral alleys connected the inner part of the settlement with the outer one. There may have been free access to the city wall, considered by A. Faust a basic element of city planning in Judah and Israel during the Iron Age. There are indications of thorough planning...
Gezer Reference library
Steven M. Ortiz
...the hills and coast. During the Iron Age the typical house at Gezer was rectangular and consisted of four rooms. A central room with tabuns (ovens) was flanked by two parallel rooms on either side. These three rows of rooms were separated by pillars. There was a back room perpendicular to these three rows of rooms. This broad backroom functioned as a storage room. Such a house would have had a second story. To the northwest there is an eighth-century b.c.e. domestic quarter with several typical Iron-Age four-room houses built next to each other and a...
Death and Burial, Hellenistic and Roman Period, Palestine Reference library
Byron R. McCane
... arcosolia ), a wide, shallow, arch-shaped niche carved along the wall of the burial chamber, in which a body could be laid parallel to the wall, and (2) the loculus (pl. loculi ), a long, narrow slot carved deep into the wall of the tomb, in which a body could be laid perpendicular to the wall of the tomb. These niches, which are widely distributed around the Mediterranean world during the Hellenistic period, make their first appearance in Palestine during the Hellenistic period at Maresha, in the “painted tombs” discovered by Peters and Thiersch. They...
Beth-Shean, Roman and Byzantine Period Reference library
...served the city council as a bouleuterion (council meeting hall). At the southern side of the city a hippodrome was built at the second century c.e. , measuring 886 ft (270 m) in length and 230 ft (70 m) in width (Pl. 1:24). The seats were erected over ramps set within perpendicular walls and substructure vaults. During the fourth century it was partly dismantled, while its western part was turned into an amphitheater, 394 ft (120 m) long and 220 ft (67 m) wide. The tiers were supported by vaults, and the arena had a 10 ft (3 m) high wall adorned by a...
Sepphoris Reference library
Carol Meyers and Eric M. Meyers
...The settlement on the summit spread to the adjacent plateau on the east at some point in the Early Roman period, in the late first or early second century c.e. Two broad streets—an east–west decumanus and a north–south cardo —and several smaller streets parallel and perpendicular to the main thoroughfares created a spacious orthogonal grid with blocks, or insulae , of buildings. The cardo (44.9 ft [13.7 m] wide) is paved with hard white limestone blocks set in diagonal rows. The original pavers, probably dating to the first half of the second...