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Perpendicular

Denoting the latest stage of English Gothic church architecture, prevalent from the late 14th to mid 16th centuries and characterized by broad arches, elaborate fan vaulting, and large ...

perpendicular

perpendicular   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (5 ed.)

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Current Version:
2014

... At right angles to one another. Can be of two lines, two planes, a line and a plane, or a line and a...

perpendicular bisector

perpendicular bisector   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (5 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

... bisector The perpendicular bisector of a line segment AB is the straight line perpendicular to AB through the midpoint of AB...

perpendicular planes

perpendicular planes   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (5 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

... planes Two planes in 3‐dimensional space are perpendicular if normals to the two planes are perpendicular. If n 1 and n 2 are vectors normal to the planes, this is so if n 1 . n 2...

common perpendicular

common perpendicular   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (5 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

...perpendicular Let l 1 and l 2 be two straight lines in space that do not intersect and are not parallel. The common perpendicular of l 1 and l 2 is the straight line that meets both lines and is perpendicular to...

perpendicular distance

perpendicular distance   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Science and technology, Mathematics and Computer Science
Length:
46 words
Illustration(s):
1

... distance The distance from a point to a line or plane measured along the line perpendicular to the line or plane which passes through the given point. It will be the shortest distance between the point and any given point on the line or...

perpendicular lines

perpendicular lines   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (5 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

... lines In coordinate geometry of the plane, a useful necessary and sufficient condition that two lines, with gradients m 1 and m 2 , are perpendicular is that m 1 m 2 =−1. (This is taken to include the cases when m 1 =0 and m 2 is infinite, and vice...

perpendicular axis theorem

perpendicular axis theorem   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (5 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

... axis theorem The following theorem about moments of inertia of a lamina : Theorem Suppose that a rigid body is in the form of a lamina lying in the plane z =0. Let I 0x , I 0y and I 0z be the moments of inertia of the body about the three coordinate axes. Then I 0z = I 0x + I 0y...

perpendicular

perpendicular  

At right angles to one another. Can be of two lines, two planes, a line and a plane, or a line and a surface.
common perpendicular

common perpendicular  

Let l 1 and l 2 be two straight lines in space that do not intersect and are not parallel. The common perpendicular of l 1 and l 2 is the straight line that meets both lines and is perpendicular to ...
perpendicular bisector

perpendicular bisector  

The perpendicular bisector of a line segment AB is the straight line perpendicular to AB through the midpoint of AB.
perpendicular planes

perpendicular planes  

Two planes in 3-dimensional space are perpendicular if normals to the two planes are perpendicular. If n 1 and n 2 are vectors normal to the planes, this is so if n 1 . n 2=0.
perpendicular distance

perpendicular distance  

The distance from a point to a line or plane measured along the line perpendicular to the line or plane which passes through the given point. It will be the shortest distance between the point and ...
perpendicular lines

perpendicular lines  

In coordinate geometry of the plane, a useful necessary and sufficient condition that two lines, with gradients m 1 and m 2, are perpendicular is that m 1 m 2=−1. (This is taken to include the cases ...
Perpendicular Axis Theorem

Perpendicular Axis Theorem  

The following theorem about moments of inertia of a lamina:TheoremSuppose that a rigid body is in the form of a lamina lying in the plane z=0. Let I 0x, I 0y and I 0z be the moments of inertia of the ...
equinoctial

equinoctial   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Weights, Measures, and Units

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...Relating to an equinox, i.e. one of the two points in the year when Earth's axis is perpendicular to the direction of the Sun, making day and night equal in length. For equinoctial year see year...

foot⋅pound

foot⋅pound   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Weights, Measures, and Units

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...form is the foot⋅poundal .) The composite name punctuated by a hyphen is misleading. The pound⋅foot , although having the same units and thereby interchangeable with foot⋅pound, is preferably used distinctively for torque. With torque, the applicable foot is measured perpendicular to the line of the force; with work it is along that...

candela

candela   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Weights, Measures, and Units

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...the temperature of solidification of platinum is 60 new candles per square centimetre’. 1948 9th CGPM ‘candela’ adopted in place of (new) candle. 1967–68 13th CGPM: ‘ decides to express the definition of the candela as follows: The candela is the luminous intensity, in the perpendicular direction, of a surface of 1/600000 square metre of a black body at the temperature of freezing platinum under a pressure of 101 325 newtons per square metre’. 1979 16th CGPM: ‘ decides 1. The candela is the luminous intensity, in a given direction, of a source that emits...

normal

normal ((to a plane))   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (5 ed.)

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Current Version:
2014

... (to a plane) A line perpendicular to the plane. A normal is perpendicular to any line that lies in the...

shearing force

shearing force ((mechanics))   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

...force (mechanics) The internal force perpendicular to the axis of a thin rod or...

normal vector

normal vector ((to a plane))   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

...vector (to a plane) A vector whose direction is perpendicular to the plane. A normal vector is perpendicular to any vector whose direction lies in the...

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