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Potestas terrae finitur, ubi finitur armorum vis Quick reference
...armō´rum vis . “Power over the land ends wherever the force of arms ends.” An expression of the “cannonshot rule,” which was used to establish each state’s maritime territorial boundaries by the maximum distance of a cannon shot from shore aimed seaward in a direction perpendicular to the shore. The cannonshot rule was superseded by developments in customary maritime law and, ultimately, the rule codified in the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, which established territorial sea boundaries generally at twelve nautical miles from the littoral baseline....
Grisbådarna Arbitration Reference library
...territorial waters with it. In order to determine what this involved, however, it was necessary to apply contemporary rules as to boundary delimitation and not rules developed in later times, such as the median line rule. The applicable rule was in fact that of the line perpendicular to the coast. This would assign the Grisbådarna banks to Sweden—a solution to which support was given by the circumstance that the Swedish lobster fishery was more extensive and of older establishment than the Norwegian and that Sweden had made herself responsible for the...