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Perpendicular

Denoting the latest stage of English Gothic church architecture, prevalent from the late 14th to mid 16th centuries and characterized by broad arches, elaborate fan vaulting, and large ...

Perpendicular architecture

Perpendicular architecture   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
78 words

... architecture The last of the Gothic styles of the Middle Ages and the only one to be peculiarly English. The east window of Gloucester Cathedral is an early example, pre‐dating the Black Death . The style remained popular for another 200 years, until the Reformation . It is distinguished by the straight mullions of the windows, by ranges of clerestory windows surmounted by battlements and pinnacles, and by splendid towers. See J. H. Harvey , The Perpendicular Style, 1330–1485 ...

Perpendicular architecture

Perpendicular architecture   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Local and Family History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
45 words

... architecture . The last of the Gothic styles of the Middle Ages and the only one to be peculiarly English. The style is distinguished by the straight mullions of the windows, by ranges of clerestorey windows surmounted by battlements and pinnacles, and by splendid towers...

Historic Churches

Historic Churches   Quick reference

David Hey

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,420 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...years of the 14th century until the Reformation and later a native style known as Perpendicular Gothic was developed. This is named after the perpendicular lines of the mullions in the windows (which were enlarged until they filled all the available space in the walls), but the style includes much more than that, e.g. flat lead roofs hidden behind battlements and pinnacles, long ranges of clerestory windows, and carved wooden roofs. See John Harvey , The Perpendicular Style, 1330–1485 (1978). In Ireland, Scotland, and Wales there are far fewer...

Rickman, Thomas

Rickman, Thomas   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
35 words

...Thomas ( 1776–1841 ) Church architect whose Styles of Architecture in England ( 1817 ) was the first serious attempt at classifying successive styles. His terminology, e.g. Early English , Decorated , Perpendicular , is still...

battlement

battlement   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
39 words

...An indented parapet along the top of a wall, used originally in fortified buildings, but by the 15th and 16th centuries for ornamentation in major houses and Perpendicular Gothic churches. The fashion was revived in the 19th...

Gothic

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The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
189 words

...ecclesiastical styles into Early English , Decorated , and Perpendicular . The term ‘Tudor Court Gothic’ is used to describe Hampton Court and other royal palaces and the Elizabethan prodigy‐houses which were influenced by them. The Gothic style never completely disappeared, though historians speak of ‘Gothic survivals’ in the 18th century and the ‘Gothic revival’ of the 19th century; thus, it has become clear from scholarly work in recent years that church towers in the Perpendicular style continued to be built in the later 16th and 17th centuries....

medieval architecture

medieval architecture   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
644 words

...began in the 12th century, with new ideas imported from France. A new sense of scale and an emphasis on individuality were now possible. In the later Middle Ages the English Perpendicular style developed independently from Continental styles such as the Flamboyant. The mid‐ 14th‐century cathedral at Gloucester contains the earliest example of a large east window with Perpendicular tracery, and, another English speciality, the fan‐vault. England also acquired a reputation for the ability of its designers and craftsmen to span huge roofs in secular...

glass

glass   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
649 words

...Glass was used sparingly in most domestic buildings in the Middle Ages because of the cost, but it was used on a lavish scale in major secular and ecclesiastical buildings. The builders of Perpendicular Gothic churches filled as much wall space as possible with ( stained ) glass, a fashion that was imitated in Elizabethan prodigy‐houses such as ‘Hardwick Hall | more glass than wall’. Until the second half of the 16th century better‐quality glass was imported from the Continent, for windows, bottles, wine glasses, etc.; glass made in the Weald or the...

brick

brick   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
607 words

...further west because of its rarity value. It was used for colleges such as Eton (Buckinghamshire), castles such as Tattershall (Lincolnshire) and Herstmonceux (Sussex), gate‐towers such as Oxburgh Hall (Norfolk), and bishops’ palaces such as Bishopthorpe (Yorkshire). Perpendicular churches in eastern England used brick extensively, particularly for new towers and porches. Brick was much favoured for the great houses of the Tudor period, including Hampton Court Palace, Layer Marney (Essex), and places as far west as Compton Wynyates (Warwickshire)....

architectural styles

architectural styles   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
1,666 words

...(Shropshire), for example, are similar to those in contemporary late 13th‐century churches. Window styles are the first point of reference for dating. The English Gothic styles are divided into three main phases: Early English ( 1170–1300 ), Decorated ( 1300–50 ), and Perpendicular ( 1350–1550 ). The grandest secular buildings continued to use Gothic forms throughout the 16th century. The Tudor court Gothic style of Hampton Court influenced building in the provinces. See Maurice Howard , The Early Tudor Country House: Architecture and Politics,...

wool

wool   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
1,611 words

...medieval industry, in both the towns and the countryside ( see also clothiers ; fulling mills ). By the mid‐15th century cloth had outstripped wool as the major export. Sales of both wool and cloth expanded considerably in the late 15th and early 16th centuries. The fine Perpendicular churches of East Anglia and south‐west England were paid for out of the profits of this trade, before the recession of the mid‐1520s onwards. The industry revived in the later 16th century with the introduction of New Draperies. See Eric Kerridge , Textile Manufacturers...

battlement

battlement   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Local and Family History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
39 words

.... An indented parapet along the top of a wall, used originally in fortified buildings, but by the 15th and 16th centuries for ornamentation in major houses and Perpendicular Gothic churches. The fashion was revived in the 19th...

Gothic

Gothic   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Local and Family History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
121 words

...of ancient Rome by the Goths. The Gothic style was introduced from France for monasteries and cathedrals and was used subsequently for parish churches and secular buildings. Thomas Rickman divided the Gothic ecclesiastical styles into Early English , Decorated , and Perpendicular . The term ‘Tudor Court Gothic’ is used to describe Hampton Court and other royal palaces and the Elizabethan prodigy-houses which were influenced by them. The Gothic style never completely disappeared, though historians speak of ‘Gothic survivals’ in the 18th century and...

brick

brick   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Local and Family History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
307 words

...material in the 15th century, particularly in the Humber basin and other parts of eastern England where no local building stone was available, and sometimes further west because of its rarity value. It was used for colleges , castles , gate-towers, and bishops' palaces. Perpendicular churches in eastern England used brick extensively, particularly for new towers and porches. Brick was much favoured for the great houses of the Tudor period. Fantastic brick chimney-stacks became popular, even in smaller houses. During the 17th century curved and stepped...

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