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Overview

Perpendicular

Denoting the latest stage of English Gothic church architecture, prevalent from the late 14th to mid 16th centuries and characterized by broad arches, elaborate fan vaulting, and large ...

Skyscrapers and Tall Buildings

Skyscrapers and Tall Buildings   Reference library

Elihu Rubin

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Urban History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
12,214 words
Illustration(s):
9

...was trained as an architect and went on to a second career at the helm of a large architectural design firm; he claimed it was his idea to lift the building off the ground plane of this choice site, forgoing retail storefronts, and to turn the width of the office block perpendicular to the flow of the street, creating a porous, pedestrian plaza. Credit usually goes to Natalie DeBlois and Gordon Bunshaft of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM), who gave Lever House ( 1952 ) the form of a slab of aquamarine-tinted glass pulled taut across the steel frame. A...

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