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Peloponnesian League

The earliest known and longest‐lasting Greek offensive and defensive alliance. The name is modern and inaccurate, since the alliance was neither all‐ and only Peloponnesian nor a league ...

Sparta

Sparta   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
2,201 words

...went to war. The principal limit to their autonomy was that in foreign affairs they were represented by Sparta. Having conquered Messenia and consolidated its political and social structures, Sparta greatly extended its influence over the Peloponnesus by means of the Peloponnesian League, an organization through which it would exercise a role of great power in Greece from the sixth to the fourth centuries. Political Organization. The political organization of Sparta was based on four principal bodies: the two kings, the gerousia , the ephors, and the...

Legislation

Legislation   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
7,673 words
Illustration(s):
1

...lost the power to legislate in external affairs, although the legislative process itself remained more or less democratic. Following the example of the old tribal states, the poleis of various territories (Arcadia, Aetolia, and Achaia) formed koina or leagues. The member states as well as the league itself (which handled foreign relations and coinage) had legislative power. At first, a koinon had the same legislative bodies as a polis: magistrates, a council, and an assembly consisting of all the citizens of the member states. As time passed, however,...

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