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Peloponnesian League

The earliest known and longest‐lasting Greek offensive and defensive alliance. The name is modern and inaccurate, since the alliance was neither all‐ and only Peloponnesian nor a league ...

Delian League

Delian League   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
51 words

...League Confederation of Greek city-states formed ( 478 bc ) under Athenian leadership after the losses of the Persian Wars . The treasury was initially held on the island of Delos, but was moved to Athens by Pericles and later appropriated to fund Athens' imperial ambitions. It was disbanded after the Peloponnesian Wars...

Sparta

Sparta   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
107 words

...of Spárti. Founded by Dorians after c .1100 bc Sparta conquered Laconia (SE Peloponnese) by the 8th century bc and headed the Peloponnesian League against Persia in 480 bc . In the Peloponnesian War ( 431–404 bc ), it defeated its great rival, Athens , but was defeated by Thebes in 371 bc and failed to withstand the invasion of Philip II of Macedon. In the 3rd century bc Sparta struggled against the Achaean League (a confederation of city‐states), subsequently joining it but coming under Roman dominance after 146 bc . In ad 395 the ...

Greece

Greece: c. 3500 BCE - 2011  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...of the zodiac, naming it the zodiakos kyklos or circle of animals zodiac World Encyclopedia 1 6th century BCE Assyria and Babylon Greek science Science Astronomy and space Europe c. 550 BCE 550 BCE The city-states of the Peloponnese unite in a defensive league under Spartan leadership Peloponnesian League Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World 1 6th century BCE Politics Europe c. 550 BCE 550 BCE The murals of Etruscan tombs, such as the Tomb of the Lionesses in Tarquinia, give a lively glimpse of an earlier tradition in Greek art Etruscan style The...

Turkey

Turkey: c. 7000 BCE - 1923  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...3 rev 5th century BCE Greco-Persian Wars Politics War Asia West Asia Europe Greece Wars and Revolutions 414 BCE 414 BCE The Persians, renewing their interest in the Aegean, fund the Spartans in the building of a fleet to match that of Athens Peloponnesian War A Dictionary of World History 2 5th century BCE Peloponnesian Wars Ancient Athens War Asia Central Asia Iran (Persia) West Asia Europe Greece Wars and Revolutions c. 350 BCE 350 BCE Artemisia, widow of Mausolus, builds him a tomb at Halicarnassus so spectacular that his name provides a new word -...

West Asia

West Asia: c. 90,000 years ago - 2011  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...3 rev 5th century BCE Greco-Persian Wars Politics War Asia Turkey Europe Greece Wars and Revolutions 414 BCE 414 BCE The Persians, renewing their interest in the Aegean, fund the Spartans in the building of a fleet to match that of Athens Peloponnesian War A Dictionary of World History 2 5th century BCE Peloponnesian Wars Ancient Athens War Asia Central Asia Iran (Persia) Turkey Europe Greece Wars and Revolutions c. 350 BCE 350 BCE Artemisia, widow of Mausolus, builds him a tomb at Halicarnassus so spectacular that his name provides a new word - mausoleum...

Europe

Europe: c. 800,000 years ago - 2011  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...of the zodiac, naming it the zodiakos kyklos or circle of animals zodiac World Encyclopedia 1 6th century BCE Assyria and Babylon Greek science Science Astronomy and space Greece c. 550 BCE 550 BCE The city-states of the Peloponnese unite in a defensive league under Spartan leadership Peloponnesian League Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World 1 6th century BCE Politics Greece c. 550 BCE 550 BCE The murals of Etruscan tombs, such as the Tomb of the Lionesses in Tarquinia, give a lively glimpse of an earlier tradition in Greek art Etruscan style The...

Asia

Asia: c. 500,000 years ago - 2011  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...Encyclopedia 1 5th century BCE Religion Monasticism South Asia India (the subcontinent) India (republic) 414 BCE 414 BCE The Persians, renewing their interest in the Aegean, fund the Spartans in the building of a fleet to match that of Athens Peloponnesian War A Dictionary of World History 2 5th century BCE Peloponnesian Wars Ancient Athens War Central Asia Iran (Persia) West Asia Turkey Europe Greece Wars and Revolutions c. 400 BCE 400 BCE The Upanishads, written over a long period from oral tradition, are the mystical texts of early Hinduism Upanishads World...

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